Nigamana: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Nigamana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nigaman.

In Hinduism

Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nigamana in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Nigamana (निगमन, “conclusion”) refers to the fifth and final stage of syllogism (parārthānumāna) also known as “anumāna (inference) intended for another”, according to Annaṃbhaṭṭa’s Tarkasaṃgraha. Anumāna is the second of the four “means of valid knowledge” (pramāṇa), which in turn is classified as the first of the sixteen padārthas (“categories”). Parārtha-anumāna (syllogism) consists of five members. The fifth member is nigamana or conclusion. The declaration of the subject along with the thing to be proved and reason is the conclusion.

As for example:

  1. The mountain is fiery (pratijñā),
  2. Because it has smoke (hetu),
  3. Whatever has smoke is fiery. For example, a kitchen (udāharaṇa),
  4. The mountain has smoke which is invariably concomitant with fire (upanaya),
  5. Hence, the mountain is fiery (nigamana),
Nyaya book cover
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Nigamana (निगमन):—[nigamanam] Deduction or conclusive statement ; step of inference for re-establishment of truth

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nigamana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nigamana : (nt.) conclusion; explanation.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nigamana, (nt.) (Sk. nigamana) quotation, explanation, illustration Vism. 427 (°vacana quotation); PvA. 255 (perhaps we should read niyamana); conclusion, e.g. Paṭṭh. A 366; VbhA. 523. (Page 354)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nigamana (निगमन).—

1) Quotation of a word from the Veda or the word so quoted.

2) (In logic) The conclusion in a syllogism, a deduction (the fifth member of the fivemembered Indian syllogism); निगमनं च प्रतिज्ञाया हेतोश्च पुनर्वचनम् (nigamanaṃ ca pratijñāyā hetośca punarvacanam) ŚB. on MS.7.1.12.

3) Going in or into.

4) End, conclusion; इत्येवमुपक्रम्य निगमने इदं श्रूयते (ityevamupakramya nigamane idaṃ śrūyate) | ŚB. on MS.3.3.2.

Derivable forms: nigamanam (निगमनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nigamana (निगमन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Certain or logical conclusion, the winding up of a syllogism. 2. Quotations of words from the Vedas. 3. The conclusion in a syllogism, the deduction (the fifth member of a fivemembered syllogism. (In logic.) 4. Going. E. ni, and gamana going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nigamana (निगमन).—[neuter] insertion, quotation; conclusion (ph.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nigamana (निगमन):—[=ni-gamana] [from ni-gam] n. insertion, quotation of words (from the Veda) and the word quoted, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

2) [v.s. ...] the summing up of an argument or conclusion in a syllogism, deduction, [Tarkasaṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] going in or into, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nigamana (निगमन):—[ni-gamana] (naṃ) 1. n. Going; conclusion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nigamana (निगमन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇigamaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nigamana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nigamana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nigamana (निगमन) [Also spelled nigaman]:—(nm) deduction; ~[mita] deduced; incorporated.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ṇigamaṇa (णिगमण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nigamana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nigamana (ನಿಗಮನ):—

1) [noun] = ನಿಗಮ - [nigama -] 2, 17.

2) [noun] an entering (into); entrance.

3) [noun] a conclusion reached by reasoning or deduction.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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