Ekarupa, Ekarūpā, Ekarūpa, Eka-rupa: 15 definitions


Ekarupa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ekrup.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Ekarūpā (एकरूपा) refers to one of the eighteen jātis: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “When one plays separately gomukha in the aḍḍitā, ālipta or vitasta-mārga, it is called Ekarūpā. The playing which produces syllables of the aḍḍitā-mārga such as droṅ ghoṅ doṅ ghoṅ ghegheṅ is also Ekarūpā; it is to be used in case of songs of male singers”.

Also, “this jāti (i.e. Ekarūpā) should be used in case of all characters while the dhruvā is sung in a slow or quick tempo, and it may also be used after one has judged properly the place, time and condition of characters in case of dhruvās sung in a medium tempo. When all other instruments follow one karaṇa in pursuance of the playing of mṛdaṅga, it is called Ekarūpā”.

2) Ekarūpa (एकरूप) refers to one of the twenty prakāras: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “when the playing of all the instruments follow one karaṇa, it is called Ekarūpa”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Ekarūpa (एकरूप) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (e.g., Ekarūpa) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ekarūpa (एकरूप) refers to the “same form”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] on hearing these words of Śiva, Viṣṇu spoke again smiling to himself and saying ‘O don’t do this’. Viṣṇu said:—‘fulfilling the promise is but proper in you, the great Being. But consider, O lord, the desire to kill cannot be directed to one’s own Self. We three, O Śiva, are your own selves. We are not different. We are of the same form (ekarūpa). Think over the exact state”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Ekarūpa (एकरूप) refers to “make one the same form as another” [?], according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 8.4.7, while describing the purification process of the initiand]—“[...] ‘After he has let go of all mental activity, the [mantrin] should fuse [the disciple] with awareness. Then the bound soul attains Śivahood, rescued from the ocean of repeated incarnation (bhavārṇava)’. As said in the Svacchanda-tantra, he should make [that disciple] one with Paramaśiva (ekarūpaparamaśivaikarūpaṃ) by causing him to enter into the highest Tattva]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Ekarūpa (एकरूप) refers to the “one form”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In praise (of) Śrī Vajrasattva, highest universal guru, origin of all Buddhas, By various forms, removing darkness and fear, fixed resting on Meru. Dharma sustainer, chief sage, most fortunate victor, Vajradhātu mandala, In one form with all bliss (sarvānanda-ekarūpa), innate bliss, embodied, the cause for liberation”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ēkarūpa (एकरूप).—ad In a uniform manner; without remission or variation--an action proceeding. Ex. mī ē0 dāhā rōja anuṣṭhānālā basalōṃ. 2 With neg. con. Never; in no way, manner, or fashion; on no account or consideration. Ex. tū ē0 tyācē gharīṃ jāūṃ nakō; mī ē0 yāyācā nāhīṃ.

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ēkarūpa (एकरूप).—a (S) Of one form or figure.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ēkarūpa (एकरूप).—ad In a uniform manner, without remission or variation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ekarūpa (एकरूप).—a.

1) of one form or kind, like, similar; आसवः प्रतिपदं प्रमदानां नैकरूपरसतामिव भेजे (āsavaḥ pratipadaṃ pramadānāṃ naikarūparasatāmiva bheje) Kirātārjunīya 9.55.

2) uniform, one-coloured; Ṛgveda 1.169.2. (-pam) 1 one form or kind;

2) The knowledge of reality. विमोचयत्येकरूपेण (vimocayatyekarūpeṇa) Sāṃkhyakārikā 63. °ता () uniformity, invariableness; क्षणद्युतीनां दधुरेकरूपताम् (kṣaṇadyutīnāṃ dadhurekarūpatām) Kirātārjunīya 8.2.

Ekarūpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms eka and rūpa (रूप).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ekarūpa (एकरूप).—1. [neuter] one form or manner.

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Ekarūpa (एकरूप).—2. [adjective] of one colour, uniform; [neuter] [Name] of two metres.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ekarūpa (एकरूप):—[=eka-rūpa] [from eka] n. one form, one kind, [Sāṃkhyakārikā]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. having the same colour or form, one-coloured, of one kind, uniform, [Ṛg-veda x, 169, 2; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a metre

[Sanskrit to German]

Ekarupa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ekarupa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ekarūpa (एकरूप) [Also spelled ekrup]:—(a) uniform.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ēkarūpa (ಏಕರೂಪ):—

1) [adjective] having the same form, semblance, character; homogenous.

2) [adjective] uniformly applicable to all, irrespective of status, religion, etc. (as a law).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Ekarūpa (एकरूप):—adj. 1. of the same form/appearance; similar; 2. unchanging; constant;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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