Drupada, Dru-pada, Drupāda: 10 definitions

Introduction

Drupada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Drupada (द्रुपद) refers to “in the Mahābhārata War, Drupada was one of the commanders of the Pānḍava army and was killed by Droṇa. Dṛṣṭadyumna, Drupada’s son avenged his death”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Drupada (द्रुपद):—Son of Pṛṣata (the youngest son of Somaka, one of the four sons of Mitrāyu). He had a daughter named Draupadī. He had also many sons, headed by Dhṛṣṭadyumna. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.2)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Drupada (द्रुपद).—(Saumaki,* Yajñasena). Father of Pāñcālī. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order:—Brahmā—Atri—Candra—Budha—Purūravas—Āyus—Nahuṣa—Yayāti—Pūru—Janamejaya—Prāciuvān—Pravīra—Namasyu—Vītabhaya—Śuṇḍu—Bahuvidha—Saṃyāti—Rahovādi—Raudrāśva—Matināra—Santurodha—Duṣyanta—Bharata—Suhottra—Suhotā—Gala—Gardda—Suketu—Bṛhatkṣatra—Hasti—Ajamīḍhā—Nīla—Śānti—Suśānti—Puruja—Arka—Bharmyāśva—Pāñcāla—Mudgala—Divodāsa—Mitreyu—Pṛṣata—Sudāsa—Sahadeva—Somaka—Yajñasena (Drupada). Education and kingship. Yajñasena went to the hermitage of Bharadvāja for education. Droṇa, who became a great teacher in archery later, was also a student and disciple of Bharadvāja at that time. Thus during the time of education both Drupada and Droṇa became fast friends. After receiving education Drupada returned to his country. At that time Pāñcāla was ruled by Pṛṣata. When Yajñasena returned on completion of his education, Pṛṣata died and Yajñasena was anointed as King of Uttara-Pāñcāla. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 129). (See full article at Story of Drupada from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Drupada (द्रुपद).—A son of Pṛṣata and father of Draupadī, Dhṛṣṭadyumna and others; king of the Pāñcālas;1 stationed by Jarāsandha at the northern gate of Mathurā;2 stationed at the southern gate during the siege of Gomanta;3 had been bound by the young Pāṇḍavas;4 in the svayaṃvara he held, Arjuna hit the mark in the form of a fish and won Draupadī;5 joined the Pāṇḍavas in the Kurukṣetra battle;6 went to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 2; X. 52. 11 [8]. Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 210; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 73.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 11 [7].
  • 3) Ib. X. 52. 11 [8].
  • 4) Ib. X. [56 (V) 2].
  • 5) Ib. I. 15. 7.
  • 6) Ib. X. 78 [(95 V) 10].
  • 7) Ib. X. 82. 25.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Drupada (द्रुपद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.74) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Drupada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Drupada is a character in the Mahābhārata. He is king of the land of Northern Panchala. The capital was known as Kamapilya. His father's name was Prishata.

Drupada had eleven sons along with Dhrishtadyumna. Their names were:

  1. Shikandi
  2. Satyajit,
  3. Shikhandi (Shikhandi was originally born as a girl, and used to be the princess of Kashi, who wanted to take revenge on Bhishma),
  4. Uttamauja,
  5. Kumar,
  6. Yudhamanyu,
  7. Vrika,
  8. Panchalya,
  9. Suratha,
  10. Shatrunjaya and
  11. Janamejaya.

Most of them died in the Mahabharata war. Dhrishtadyumna, Shikandi, Yudhamanyu and Uttamauja were killed by Ashwatthama on the last day of the war.

King Drupada, whose daughter Draupadi was married into the Pandavas, belonged to the Somaka clan

etymology: Drupada (lit: 'firm-footed or pillar'), also known as Yajnasen.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Drupada (द्रुपद).—Name of a king of the Pāñchālas [He was a son of Prisata. He and Drona were school-fellows, as they learnt the science of archery from Droṇa's father, Bharadvāja. After Drupada had succeeded to the throne, Droṇa, when in pecuniary difficulties, went to him on the strength of his former friendship; but the proud monarch disrespected and slighted him. For this Droṇa afterwards got him captured by his pupils the Pāṇḍavas, but was kind enough to spare his life, and allowed him to retain half his kingdom. But the defeat sustained by him at Droṇa's hands rankled in his soul, and with the desire of getting a son who would avenge the wrong done to him, he performed a sacrifice, when a son named Dhṛṣtadyumna (and a daughter called Draupudī) sprang up from the fire. This son afterwards treacherously cut off the head of Droṇa. See Droṇa also.]

Derivable forms: drupadaḥ (द्रुपदः).

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Drupada (द्रुपद).—Ved. a pillar (in general).

Derivable forms: drupadam (द्रुपदम्).

Drupada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dru and pada (पद).

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Drupāda (द्रुपाद).—a. large-footed.

Drupāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dru and pāda (पाद).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drupada (द्रुपद).—m. The name of a king, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 2453.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Drupada (द्रुपद).—[neuter] a wooden pillar or post; [masculine] [Name] of a king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Drupada (द्रुपद):—[=dru-pada] [from dru] n. a wooden pillar, a post (to which captives are tied), any pillar or column, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a king of the Pañcālas (son of Pṛṣata and father of Dhṛṣṭa-dyumna, of Śikhaṇḍin or Śikhaṇḍinī, and of Kṛṣṇā, the wife of the Pāṇḍu princes, hence called Draupadī), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

3) Drupadā (द्रुपदा):—[=dru-padā] [from dru-pada > dru] f. (with or [scilicet] sāvitrī or ṛc) Name of a sacred formula, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra]

4) Drupāda (द्रुपाद):—[=dru-pāda] [from dru] mf(padī)n. large-footed [gana] kumbha-pady-ādi

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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