Drupada, aka: Dru-pada, Drupāda; 6 Definition(s)
Drupada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Drupada (द्रुपद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.74) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Drupada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Drupada (द्रुपद):—Son of Pṛṣata (the youngest son of Somaka, one of the four sons of Mitrāyu). He had a daughter named Draupadī. He had also many sons, headed by Dhṛṣṭadyumna. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.2)(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
Drupada (द्रुपद).—(Saumaki,* Yajñasena). Father of Pāñcālī. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu in the following order:—Brahmā—Atri—Candra—Budha—Purūravas—Āyus—Nahuṣa—Yayāti—Pūru—Janamejaya—Prāciuvān—Pravīra—Namasyu—Vītabhaya—Śuṇḍu—Bahuvidha—Saṃyāti—Rahovādi—Raudrāśva—Matināra—Santurodha—Duṣyanta—Bharata—Suhottra—Suhotā—Gala—Gardda—Suketu—Bṛhatkṣatra—Hasti—Ajamīḍhā—Nīla—Śānti—Suśānti—Puruja—Arka—Bharmyāśva—Pāñcāla—Mudgala—Divodāsa—Mitreyu—Pṛṣata—Sudāsa—Sahadeva—Somaka—Yajñasena (Drupada). Education and kingship. Yajñasena went to the hermitage of Bharadvāja for education. Droṇa, who became a great teacher in archery later, was also a student and disciple of Bharadvāja at that time. Thus during the time of education both Drupada and Droṇa became fast friends. After receiving education Drupada returned to his country. At that time Pāñcāla was ruled by Pṛṣata. When Yajñasena returned on completion of his education, Pṛṣata died and Yajñasena was anointed as King of Uttara-Pāñcāla. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 129). (See full article at Story of Drupada from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Drupada (द्रुपद).—A son of Pṛṣata and father of Draupadī, Dhṛṣṭadyumna and others; king of the Pāñcālas;1 stationed by Jarāsandha at the northern gate of Mathurā;2 stationed at the southern gate during the siege of Gomanta;3 had been bound by the young Pāṇḍavas;4 in the svayaṃvara he held, Arjuna hit the mark in the form of a fish and won Draupadī;5 joined the Pāṇḍavas in the Kurukṣetra battle;6 went to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse.7
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 2; X. 52. 11 . Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 210; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 73.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 11 .
- 3) Ib. X. 52. 11 .
- 4) Ib. X. [56 (V) 2].
- 5) Ib. I. 15. 7.
- 6) Ib. X. 78 [(95 V) 10].
- 7) Ib. X. 82. 25.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Drupada is a character in the Mahābhārata. He is king of the land of Northern Panchala. The capital was known as Kamapilya. His father's name was Prishata.
Drupada had eleven sons along with Dhrishtadyumna. Their names were:
- Shikhandi (Shikhandi was originally born as a girl, and used to be the princess of Kashi, who wanted to take revenge on Bhishma),
- Shatrunjaya and
Most of them died in the Mahabharata war. Dhrishtadyumna, Shikandi, Yudhamanyu and Uttamauja were killed by Ashwatthama on the last day of the war.
King Drupada, whose daughter Draupadi was married into the Pandavas, belonged to the Somaka clan
etymology: Drupada (lit: 'firm-footed or pillar'), also known as Yajnasen.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
Drupada (द्रुपद).—Name of a king of the Pāñchālas [He was a son of Prisata. He and Drona were school-fellows, as they learnt the science of archery from Droṇa's father, Bharadvāja. After Drupada had succeeded to the throne, Droṇa, when in pecuniary difficulties, went to him on the strength of his former friendship; but the proud monarch disrespected and slighted him. For this Droṇa afterwards got him captured by his pupils the Pāṇḍavas, but was kind enough to spare his life, and allowed him to retain half his kingdom. But the defeat sustained by him at Droṇa's hands rankled in his soul, and with the desire of getting a son who would avenge the wrong done to him, he performed a sacrifice, when a son named Dhṛṣtadyumna (and a daughter called Draupudī) sprang up from the fire. This son afterwards treacherously cut off the head of Droṇa. See Droṇa also.]
Derivable forms: drupadaḥ (द्रुपदः).
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Drupada (द्रुपद).—Ved. a pillar (in general).
Derivable forms: drupadam (द्रुपदम्).
Drupada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dru and pada (पद).
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Drupāda (द्रुपाद).—a. large-footed.
Drupāda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dru and pāda (पाद).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 20 books and stories containing Drupada, Dru-pada or Drupāda. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CLXLVII < [Vaivahika Parva]
Section CCVI < [Viduragamana Parva]
Section CCVIII < [Viduragamana Parva]
Chapter 11 - Tuition for Drona < [Adi Parva]
Chapter 1 - Observing the Armies < [Chapter 1 - The Bhagavad-gita]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 14: Draupadī and the Pāṇḍavas < [Chapter VI - Marriage of Kṛṣṇa with Rukmiṇī and others]
Part 4: War between Kṛṣṇa and Jarāsandha < [Chapter VII - Marriages of Śāmba and Pradyumna]
The Mahabharata - Third Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CCLXIV < [Draupadi-harana Parva]
Section CCLII < [Ghosha-yatra Parva]
Section CCLXXI < [Draupadi-harana Parva]
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section XLVII < [Sisupala-badha Parva]
Section LXXX < [Sisupala-badha Parva]
Section LXXIX < [Sisupala-badha Parva]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)