Druta, Drutā: 7 definitions

Introduction

Druta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Druta (द्रुत, “fast”) refers to one of six “ornaments”, or ‘figures of speech’ (alaṃkāra). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19, these six ornaments are part of the ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. These ornaments dictate the type of recitation, eg. druta and nīca should be used in the Terrible and the Odious sentiment.

(Uses of Druta): The fast note proceeds from the throat register, and is swift; it is to be used in women’s soothing children (lallana) refusal of lover’s overture (manmana), sexual passion, fear, cold, fever, panic, agitation, distressed and secret acts, pain and the like.

2) Druta (द्रुत, “quick”) refers to one of the three tempos (laya) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 31. Accordingly, “the totality of syllables penultimate to the yati, will indicate the tempo, and from the tempo the measure of these will change. A decrease of kalās should be made in other pāṇis. In the slow tempo, there should be one sannipāta, in the medium tempo two sannipātas, and in the quick tempo the number of sannipātas should be four. That which is indicated by this difference, is called the quick and the medium tempo, and the avapāṇi is dependent on a medium tempo. When the tālas of one kalā become the antarakalā played in quick tempo, then it is called the uparyuparipāṇi”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Druta (द्रुत).—lit. rapid; the vice of rapidity in utterance;a fault of speech especially in connection with the utterance of vowels in Vedic recital when on account of haste the utterance of letters becomes indistinct. cf. संदृष्टमेणीकृतमर्धकं द्रुतं विकीर्णमेताः स्वरद्रोषभा-वनाः । (saṃdṛṣṭameṇīkṛtamardhakaṃ drutaṃ vikīrṇametāḥ svaradroṣabhā-vanāḥ |) M. Bh. Ahnika 1 vart. 18.

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Drutā (द्रुता).—One of the three Vrttis or styles of utterance mentioned in the Pratisakhya works and quoted in the Mahabhasya; cf.तित्रो वृत्तीरुपदिशन्ति वाचो विलम्बितां मध्यमां च दुतां च । अभ्यासार्थे दुतां वृत्तिं प्रयोगार्थे तु मध्यमाम् । शिष्याणा-मुपदेशार्थे कुर्याद् वृत्ति विलम्बिताम् । (titro vṛttīrupadiśanti vāco vilambitāṃ madhyamāṃ ca dutāṃ ca | abhyāsārthe dutāṃ vṛttiṃ prayogārthe tu madhyamām | śiṣyāṇā-mupadeśārthe kuryād vṛtti vilambitām |) R. Pr. XIII. 18, 19; cf. ये हि द्रुतायां वृत्तौ वर्णा-स्त्रिभागाधिकास्ते मध्यमायां, ये मध्यमायां वर्णास्त्रिभागाधिकास्ते विलाम्बितायाम् । (ye hi drutāyāṃ vṛttau varṇā-stribhāgādhikāste madhyamāyāṃ, ye madhyamāyāṃ varṇāstribhāgādhikāste vilāmbitāyām |) M. Bh. on P. I.1.70, Vart. 4. The utterance of a letter takes ,1/3 rd time more in the मध्यमवृत्ति (madhyamavṛtti) than in the द्रुतवृत्ति (drutavṛtti), while in the विलम्बितवृत्ति (vilambitavṛtti) it takes 1/3 rd more than in the मध्यमवृत्ति (madhyamavṛtti). In short, the utterance of the same letter takes in the three vrttis, Druta, Vilambita and Madhyama the quantity of time in the proportion of 9:12:16 respectively.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

druta (द्रुत).—p S Dissolved, melted, fused, liquefied: also oozed, trickled, dropped.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Druta (द्रुत).—p. p. [dru-kta]

1) Quick, swift, speedy.

2) Flown, run away, escaped.

3) Melted, liquid, dissolved; जाता- नुरागो द्रुतचित्त उच्चैः (jātā- nurāgo drutacitta uccaiḥ) Bhāg.11.2.4.

4) Scattered, diffused.

5) Indistinct.

6) Moved, softened; द्रुतं करुणया (drutaṃ karuṇayā) Māl.5.28; see द्रु (dru).

-taḥ 1 A scorpion.

2) A tree.

3) A cat.

-tam 1 the act of running; अलं द्रुतेन वः शूरा इति द्रोणोऽभ्यभाषत (alaṃ drutena vaḥ śūrā iti droṇo'bhyabhāṣata) Mb.7.16.18.

2) A particular faulty pronunciation of vowels.

-tam ind. Quickly, swiftly, speedily, immediately.

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Druta (द्रुत).—See under द्रु (dru).

See also (synonyms): druti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Druta (द्रुत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Quick or swift. 2. Melted, fused. 3. Liquid, fluid. 4. Flown, escaped, run away. 5. Scattered, diffused. m.

(-taḥ) A tree. n.

(-taṃ) Quick time, (in music.) adv. n.

(-taṃ) Quickly, swiftly. E. dru to go, affix kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Druta (द्रुत).—[adjective] run, fled; speedy, quick ([neuter] [adverb], compar. taram†); fluid, melted (l.&[feminine]), wet with (—°).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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