Pancali, Pāñcālī, Pañcālī: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pancali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchali.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली).—Draupadī, wife of the Pāṇḍavas.

i). Previous births. Pāñcālī had many previous births. During all these births many gods blessed her saying that she would have five husbands when she was born as the daughter of Drupada. Stories about her previous births lying scattered in the Purāṇas are given below:— (See full article at Story of Pāñcālī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली) refers to one of the four pravṛtti (‘local usage’); it is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 6. It is also known as Pañcālamadhyamā. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world.

2) Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली) refers to one of the types of Rīti (‘style’ or ‘essence’ of poetry) according to Vāmana (Kāvyālaṃkārasūtravṛtti 2.9), Rājaśekhara (Kāvyamīmāṃsā, p. 10), Rudraṭa (Kāvyālaṃkāra), Viśvanātha Kavirāja (Sāhityadarpaṇa IX.1-2) and Bhoja (Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pancali in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली) or Pāñcālīrīti refers to one of the three types of Rīti (‘dictions’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—The ‘pāñcālī-rīti’ is a via-media between the two opposite rītis viz., the ‘vaidarbhī’ and the ‘gauḍī’. It admits partly the characteristics of both the rīti and hence is an agreeable combination of hard and soft consonants, and such diphthongs as are not onerous and a few compounds here and there which are mostly simple ones. Thus the theorists of the post-dhvani period regard rīti as an external element in accordance with their new conception that distinguished the body from the soul which position in poetry they are accorded to the suggestion of rasa.

Bhīṣmacarita IX.37 is a good example of ‘pāñcālī’.—Here the poet has described how extremely angry Satyavatī challenged her father to offer her in the hands of King Śāntanu in above words. The poet has deliberately used ojas-guṇa in ‘raudra-rasa’. How furious Styavatī has become on his father for his demands from the king is well portrayed in ‘pāñcālī-rīti’. Our poet has composed this verse with the arrangement of the sweet-sounding syllabus such as ‘va’, ‘na’, ‘ya’, ‘da’, ‘la’ etc. as well as the harsh syllabus like ‘ka’, ‘ca’, ‘cha’ ‘ta’, ‘tha’ etc. The poet has made the use of compounds like ‘kārpaṇyapaṇam’ and ‘svasutām’. Here the sweet combination of both the rītis (viz. vaidarbhī and gauḍī) is found. Thus the style of the poet is lucid, suitable to rasa, melodious and beautiful. The readers can easily understand this quality.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली): Another name of Draupadi, Queen of the Pandavas and daughter of King Drupada.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Wife of Esukari, king of Benares.

When Esukari longed for wealth, she showed him the folly of covetousness and persuaded him to become an ascetic, later entering to ascetic life herself. The story is related in the Hatthipala Jataka (q.v.).

Pancali is identified with Mahamaya (J.iv.491).

The scholiast says (Ibid., 486) that she was called Pancali because she was the daughter of the Pancala king.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pañcālī.—(IA 10), same as Pañcālikā; a Pañcāyat board or its members. Note: pañcālī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pañcālī.—(EI 27; IA 16), territorial division. Note: pañcālī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcālī (पञ्चाली).—

1) A doll, puppet.

2) A kind of song.

3) Chequered board for playing at draughts, chess-board &c.; (also pañcārī in this sense only).

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Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली).—

1) A woman or princess of the Pañchālas.

2) Name of Draupadī, the wife of the Pāṇḍavas.

3) A doll, puppet.

4) (In Rhet.) One of the four styles of composition. The S. D. thus defines it :-वर्णैः शेषैः (varṇaiḥ śeṣaiḥ) (i. e. mādhuryavyañjakaujaḥprakāśakābhyāṃ bhinnaiḥ) पुनर्द्वयोः समस्तपञ्चषपदो बन्धः पाञ्चालिको मतः (punardvayoḥ samastapañcaṣapado bandhaḥ pāñcāliko mataḥ) || 628.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली).—name of a city: Mahā-Māyūrī 55.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली).—f. (-lī) 1. A name of Draupadi, the wife of the five Pandu princes. 2. A woman of the Panchalas. 3. A puppet, a doll. 4. Melodious combination of five or six words, (In rhetoric). E. pāñcāla the country so called, aṇ, aff. of descent or reference, and fem. aff. ṅīp; coming from that region; also with kan added pāñcālikā, and by making the second vowel short pāñcalikā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcālī (पञ्चाली):—[from pañcāla] f. a doll, puppet, [Kādambarī]

2) [v.s. ...] a style of singing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a chequered cloth for playing at draughts etc., [Horace H. Wilson]

4) Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली):—[from pāñcāla] a f. See below

5) Pāñcāli (पाञ्चालि):—[from pāñcāla] m. [patronymic] [from] pañcāla, [Pāṇini 4-1, 99; 168 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली):—[from pāñcāla] b f. a princess of the Pañcālas, ([especially]) Name of Draupadī, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] (with or sc. rīti) Name of a [particular] poetical style, [Daśarūpa; Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] a doll, puppet, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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