Pancali, Pāñcālī, Pañcālī, Pamcali, Pañcali: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Pancali means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Panchali.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली) refers to one of the four pravṛtti (‘local usage’); it is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 6. It is also known as Pañcālamadhyamā. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world.

2) Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली) refers to one of the types of Rīti (‘style’ or ‘essence’ of poetry) according to Vāmana (Kāvyālaṃkārasūtravṛtti 2.9), Rājaśekhara (Kāvyamīmāṃsā, p. 10), Rudraṭa (Kāvyālaṃkāra), Viśvanātha Kavirāja (Sāhityadarpaṇa IX.1-2) and Bhoja (Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली).—Draupadī, wife of the Pāṇḍavas.

i). Previous births. Pāñcālī had many previous births. During all these births many gods blessed her saying that she would have five husbands when she was born as the daughter of Drupada. Stories about her previous births lying scattered in the Purāṇas are given below:— (See full article at Story of Pāñcālī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली) or Pāñcālīrīti refers to one of the three types of Rīti (‘dictions’), as employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.—The ‘pāñcālī-rīti’ is a via-media between the two opposite rītis viz., the ‘vaidarbhī’ and the ‘gauḍī’. It admits partly the characteristics of both the rīti and hence is an agreeable combination of hard and soft consonants, and such diphthongs as are not onerous and a few compounds here and there which are mostly simple ones. Thus the theorists of the post-dhvani period regard rīti as an external element in accordance with their new conception that distinguished the body from the soul which position in poetry they are accorded to the suggestion of rasa.

Bhīṣmacarita IX.37 is a good example of ‘pāñcālī’.—Here the poet has described how extremely angry Satyavatī challenged her father to offer her in the hands of King Śāntanu in above words. The poet has deliberately used ojas-guṇa in ‘raudra-rasa’. How furious Styavatī has become on his father for his demands from the king is well portrayed in ‘pāñcālī-rīti’. Our poet has composed this verse with the arrangement of the sweet-sounding syllabus such as ‘va’, ‘na’, ‘ya’, ‘da’, ‘la’ etc. as well as the harsh syllabus like ‘ka’, ‘ca’, ‘cha’ ‘ta’, ‘tha’ etc. The poet has made the use of compounds like ‘kārpaṇyapaṇam’ and ‘svasutām’. Here the sweet combination of both the rītis (viz. vaidarbhī and gauḍī) is found. Thus the style of the poet is lucid, suitable to rasa, melodious and beautiful. The readers can easily understand this quality.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली): Another name of Draupadi, Queen of the Pandavas and daughter of King Drupada.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Wife of Esukari, king of Benares.

When Esukari longed for wealth, she showed him the folly of covetousness and persuaded him to become an ascetic, later entering to ascetic life herself. The story is related in the Hatthipala Jataka (q.v.).

Pancali is identified with Mahamaya (J.iv.491).

The scholiast says (Ibid., 486) that she was called Pancali because she was the daughter of the Pancala king.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Jainism)

Pañcālī (पञ्चाली) refers to a “doll”, according to the Līlāvatīsāra which was written by the thirteenth-century Jain poet, Jinaratna.—Accordingly, his retelling contains the phrase, [ūrdhvamuṣṭir adhodṛṣṭiḥ (3.257c)], which describes Vatsarāja at the moment before he shoots the arrow. Vatsarāja’s fist is raised up above his head because he must point the bow up to a target above himself, and his gaze is directed down because he must sight the target by gazing at its reflection in a bowl of oil on the ground. A doll (pañcālī) called Rādhā is the target (lakṣya) and she is placed in the middle of a rotating wheel which is suspended atop a high pillar (stambha). One can infer that the “piercing is upward” (ūrdhvavedha) because Vatsarāja's arrow strikes her from below.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pañcālī.—(IA 10), same as Pañcālikā; a Pañcāyat board or its members. Note: pañcālī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pañcālī.—(EI 27; IA 16), territorial division. Note: pañcālī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pañcālī (पञ्चाली).—

1) A doll, puppet.

2) A kind of song.

3) Chequered board for playing at draughts, chess-board &c.; (also pañcārī in this sense only).

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Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली).—

1) A woman or princess of the Pañchālas.

2) Name of Draupadī, the wife of the Pāṇḍavas.

3) A doll, puppet.

4) (In Rhet.) One of the four styles of composition. The S. D. thus defines it :-वर्णैः शेषैः (varṇaiḥ śeṣaiḥ) (i. e. mādhuryavyañjakaujaḥprakāśakābhyāṃ bhinnaiḥ) पुनर्द्वयोः समस्तपञ्चषपदो बन्धः पाञ्चालिको मतः (punardvayoḥ samastapañcaṣapado bandhaḥ pāñcāliko mataḥ) || 628.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली).—name of a city: Mahā-Māyūrī 55.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली).—f. (-lī) 1. A name of Draupadi, the wife of the five Pandu princes. 2. A woman of the Panchalas. 3. A puppet, a doll. 4. Melodious combination of five or six words, (In rhetoric). E. pāñcāla the country so called, aṇ, aff. of descent or reference, and fem. aff. ṅīp; coming from that region; also with kan added pāñcālikā, and by making the second vowel short pāñcalikā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pañcālī (पञ्चाली):—[from pañcāla] f. a doll, puppet, [Kādambarī]

2) [v.s. ...] a style of singing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a chequered cloth for playing at draughts etc., [Horace H. Wilson]

4) Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली):—[from pāñcāla] a f. See below

5) Pāñcāli (पाञ्चालि):—[from pāñcāla] m. [patronymic] [from] pañcāla, [Pāṇini 4-1, 99; 168 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

6) Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली):—[from pāñcāla] b f. a princess of the Pañcālas, ([especially]) Name of Draupadī, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] (with or sc. rīti) Name of a [particular] poetical style, [Daśarūpa; Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] a doll, puppet, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pāñcālī (पाञ्चाली):—(lī) 3. f. A name of Draupadī; a doll; melody.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pancali in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṃcāḷi (ಪಂಚಾಳಿ):—[noun] a talkative woman.

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Paṃcāḷi (ಪಂಚಾಳಿ):—[noun] a kind of (percussion ?) instrument.

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Pāṃcāli (ಪಾಂಚಾಲಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಪಾಂಚಾಲ [pamcala]2 - 6.

2) [noun] a woman belonging to the ಪಾಂಚಾಲ [pamcala] country.

3) [noun] Draupadi, the princes of this country and the main female character in Mahābhārata, the great Indian Epic.

4) [noun] a doll, puppet.

5) [noun] one of the four system of dance in former days.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pancali in Tamil glossary
Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Pañcali (பஞ்சலி) [pañcalittal] 11 intransitive verb To be upset mentally; மனந்தடுமாறுதல். மதுமயக்கத்தாற் பஞ்சலித்து [mananthadumaruthal. mathumayakkathar panchalithu] (சிலப்பதிகாரம் அரும்பதவுரை [silappathigaram arumbathavurai] 10, 131, உரை [urai]).

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Pāñcāli (பாஞ்சாலி) noun < Pāñcālī.

1. Draupadī, the princess of Pāñcāla; துரோ பதை. பந்தார் விரலாள் பாஞ்சாலி கூந்தன் முடிக்க [thuro pathai. panthar viralal panchali kunthan mudikka] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் பெரியதி. [nalayira thivyappirapandam periyathi.] 6, 7, 8).

2. Wooden doll; மரப்பாவை. [marappavai.] Colloq.

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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