Shikhandin, Śikhaṇḍin: 9 definitions


Shikhandin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śikhaṇḍin can be transliterated into English as Sikhandin or Shikhandin, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shikhandin in Purana glossary
Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Śikhaṇḍin (शिखण्डिन्):—In the 18th dvāpara, Śiva will be known as Śikhaṇḍin and he will reside with his four sons in the Siddhakṣetra in the Śikhaṇḍin mountain on the summit of the Himavat.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shikhandin in Jainism glossary
Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Śikhaṇḍin (शिखण्डिन्) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Śikhaṇḍin] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shikhandin in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sikhaṇḍin, (adj. -n.) (Sk. śikhaṇḍin) 1. tufted, crested (as birds); J. V, 406; VI, 539; Th. 1, 1103 (mayūra); with tonsured hair (as ascetics) J. III, 311.—2. a peacock J. V, 406; VvA. 163. (Page 708)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shikhandin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śikhaṇḍin (शिखण्डिन्).—a. [śikhaṇḍo'styasya ini]

1) Crested, tufted. -m. A peacock; नदति स एष वधूसखः शिखण्डी (nadati sa eṣa vadhūsakhaḥ śikhaṇḍī) U.3.18; R.1.39; Ku.1.15.

2) A cock.

3) An arrow.

4) A peacock's tail.

5) A kind of jasmine.

6) Name of Viṣṇu.

7) Name of a son of Drupada; शिखण्डी च महारथः (śikhaṇḍī ca mahārathaḥ) Bg.1.17. [Śikhaṇḍin was originally a female, being Ambā born in the family of Drupada for wreaking her revenge upon Bhīṣma; (see Ambā). But from her very birth the girl was given out as a male child and brought up as such. In due course she was married to the daughter of Hiraṇyavarman, who was extremely sorry to find that she had got a veritable woman for her husband. Her father, therefore, resolved to attack the kingdom of Drupada for his having deceived him; but Śikhaṇḍin contrived, by practising austere penance in a forest, to exchange her sex with a Yakṣa and thus averted the calamity which threatened Drupada. Afterwards in the great Bhāratī war he proved a means of killing Bhīṣma, who declined to fight with a woman, when Arjuna put him forward as his hero. He was afterwards killed by Aśvatthāman.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śikhaṇḍin (शिखण्डिन्).—(1) n. of a devaputra, as whose son the horse Kaṇṭhaka was reborn in heaven: Mv ii.190.11; (2) n. of a brahman, kinsman of Trapuṣa and Bhallika in a former birth, reborn in Brahmaloka: LV 386.11, 20; (3) n. of a son of King Rudrāyaṇa: Divy 545.5; 556.5 ff.; Karmav 58.10; (4) n. of a yakṣa: Māy 49.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śikhaṇḍin (शिखण्डिन्).—m. (-ṇḍī) 1. A peacock. 2. A peacock’s tail. 3. A cock. 4. An arrow. 5. A Rishi, either of the seven represented by the stars of the greater bear: see citraśikhaṇḍin . 6. The son of Drupada, by metamorphosis: see below. f. (-nī) 1. A kind of jasmine, (J. auriculatum.) 2. A shrub, (Abrus precatorius.) 3. The daughter of Drupada, afterwards changed to a male. 4. A peahen. E. śikhaṇḍa a crest, ini poss. aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śikhaṇḍin (शिखण्डिन्).—[adjective] poss. to [preceding]; [masculine] peacock, [Name] of a man, the son of Drupada, born as a female (śikhaṇḍinī), [feminine] also a pea-hen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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