Prishata, Pṛṣata: 11 definitions

Introduction

Prishata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pṛṣata can be transliterated into English as Prsata or Prishata, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Pṛṣata (पृषत)—Sanskrit word which could refer to “chital” or “spotted deer” (Axis axis) or “spotted antelope”. This animal is from the group called Jaṅghāla (large-kneed). Jaṅghāla itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Pṛṣata (पृषत) refers to the “deer”, according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The dravyaguṇāguṇa section contains the discussions on different food articles and their dietetic effects according to the prominent Ayurvedic treatises. The meat like Pṛṣata (deer) is mutually incompatible (viruddhāhāra) with Dadhi (curds).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prishata in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Pṛṣata (पृषत):—The youngest son of Somaka (one of the four sons of Mitrāyu). He had a son named Drupada. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.1)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Pṛṣata (पृषत).—A king of Pāñcāla. He was the father of Drupada and a friend of the sage Bharadvāja. It was from Pṛṣata that Pāñcālī, daughter of Drupada, got the name Pārṣaṭī. (Śloka 41, Chapter 129, Ādi Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pṛṣata (पृषत).—The last son of Somaka Ajamīḍha and father of Drupada.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 2; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 192; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 73.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Pṛṣata (पृषत).—the father of King Drupada.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pṛṣata (पृषत).—a. [pṛṣ-atac kicca] Spotted.

-taḥ 1 The spotted antelope; तौ तत्र हत्वा चतुरो महामृगान् वराहमृश्यं पृषतं महारुरुम् (tau tatra hatvā caturo mahāmṛgān varāhamṛśyaṃ pṛṣataṃ mahārurum) Rām.2.52.12.

2) A drop of water; सकृदेव कृतो रावः सरक्तपृषतो घनैः (sakṛdeva kṛto rāvaḥ saraktapṛṣato ghanaiḥ) Rām.7.32.22; पृषतैरपां शमयता च रजः (pṛṣatairapāṃ śamayatā ca rajaḥ) Ki.6.27; R.3.3;4.27;6.51.

3) A spot, mark.

4) An antelope considered as the vehicle of Vāyu

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛṣata (पृषत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. A drop of water. 2. The porcine deer. E. pṛṣ to sprinkle, Unadi aff. atac; see the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛṣata (पृषत).— i. e. pṛṣant + a, I. adj. Speckled. Ii. m. 1. A drop, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 32, 4. 2. A spot. 3. The porcine deer, 2, 93, 2. 3. The father of Drupada, Chr. 51, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛṣata (पृषत).—[masculine] the spotted antelope; drop of water; spot, mark.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pṛṣata (पृषत):—[from pṛṣ] mfn. having white spots, speckled, variegated, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the spotted antelope, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

3) [from pṛṣ] a drop of water, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature]

4) [v.s. ...] a spot, mark, [Varāha-mihira]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the father of Dru-pada, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

6) Pṛṣāta (पृषात):—[from pṛṣ] mfn. spotted, variegated, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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