Dhrauvya: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Dhrauvya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Dhrauvya (ध्रौव्य).—Fixed; of a stationary nature; of क्तोऽधिकरणे च ध्रौव्यगतिप्रत्यवसानार्थेभ्यः (kto'dhikaraṇe ca dhrauvyagatipratyavasānārthebhyaḥ) P. III. 4.76.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: archive.org: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Dhrauvya (ध्रौव्य) refers to “permanence”, as used in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 18, l. 4]—‘Dravya’ means, no doubt, a substance; but, according to Jainism it is not without paryāya (modification), and hence utpāda (origination) and vyaya (dissolution) in addition to dhrauvya (permanence). Same is the case with paryāya; for, it is not without (dravya) and hence dhrauvya over and above utpāda and vyaya. Thus everything that exists is utpāda-vyaya-dhrauvya-yukta. This is why reality is defined in Jainism as substance-cum-mode. This concept of reality may remind a student of biology of the concept of metabolism. For, it affords an exact parallel, since metabolism consists of two opposite processes viz. anabolism and catabolism. [...] A student of philosophy may compare this concept with the dialectic concept of Hegel—the concept which implies two opposite processes of thesis and antithesis both combined by synthesis. [...]

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General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dhrauvya (ध्रौव्य, “permanence”) refers to one of the three ‘holy steps’ as taught by Ṛṣabha, according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—

“[...] then the Lord of the World taught eighty-four wise ascetics—Ṛṣabhasena and others, who had the body-making karma of gaṇabhṛts, the holy ‘three steps,’ origination (utpāda), perishing (vigama), and permanence (dhrauvya), the mother of all the scriptures. He taught the fourteen pūrvas, and then they gradually made the twelve aṅgas in accordance with the ‘three steps’.”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Dhrauvya (ध्रौव्य, “permanence”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.7.—What is the meaning of permanence (dhrauvya)? The inherent nature existing from beginningless time of a substance is neither destroyed nor originated. It stays as it is forever. Therefore it is called permanent and its state is called permanence.

According to Tattvārthasūtra 5.30, what is meant by permanence (dhrauvya)? To retain its own nature even when the destruction of old and origination of new mode take place in an entity is called permanence.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhrauvya (ध्रौव्य).—

1) Fixedness, firmness, stability; परो ध्रौव्याध्रौव्ये जगति गदति व्यस्तविषये (paro dhrauvyādhrauvye jagati gadati vyastaviṣaye) Mahimna 9.

2) Duration.

3) Certainty.

Derivable forms: dhrauvyam (ध्रौव्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhrauvya (ध्रौव्य).—n.

(-vyaṃ) Firmness, fixedness. 2. Duration. E. dhruva and ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhrauvya (ध्रौव्य).—[neuter] fixedness, constancy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhrauvya (ध्रौव्य):—[from dhruva] n. fixedness, firmness, immovableness, [Pāṇini 3-4, 76]

2) [v.s. ...] duration, [Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Kauśika-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] certainty, necessity, [Śaṃkarācārya]

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. conferring firmness or duration, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhrauvya (ध्रौव्य):—(vyaṃ) 1. n. Firmness, duration.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhrauvya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhrauvya (ಧ್ರೌವ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] fixedness; firmness; immovableness.

2) [noun] the quality, state or fact of being eternal; eternity.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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