Vidhava, Vidhavā: 12 definitions

Introduction

Vidhava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vidhavā (विधवा).—A woman whose husband is dead. In ancient India, it was ordained how a widow should live. It was allowed for a widow to get a son by her younger brother-in law to continue the family line in case the death of her husband occurred before the couple had children. The procedure about this is given in Manusmṛti, Chapter 9.

"He who goes to accept the widow with the permission of great people, should besmear his body with ghee and go to her bed in the night in a dark room. She should have only one son in this manner. After she has become pregnant, they should behave to each other as a teacher and a younger brother-in-law."

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A river in the inner regions of Himava (anto Himavante). J.iii.467.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Vidhavā (विधवा) is the name of a river situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Vidhavā is a river in the Himavanta.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vidhava in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vidhavā : (f.) a widow.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vidhavā, (f.) (Vedic vidhavā widow, vidhu lonely, vidhura separaṭed, Av. vidavā=Goth. widuwō=Ohg. wituwa (Ger. Witwe=E. widow); Gr. h)i/qeos unmarried; Lat. vidua widow, etc. in all Idg. languages) a widow S. I, 170; A. III, 128; J. VI, 33; Miln. 288; Vism. 17; PvA. 65, 161; VbhA. 339. (Page 622)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidhavā (विधवा).—f (S vi Deprived of, dhava Husband.) A widow, Vidua.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vidhavā (विधवा).—f A widow.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidhavā (विधवा).—[vigato dhavo yasyāḥ sā] A widow; सा नारी विधवा जाता गृहे रोदिति तत्पतिः (sā nārī vidhavā jātā gṛhe roditi tatpatiḥ) Subhāṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidhavā (विधवा).—f.

(-vā) A widow. E. vi privative, dhava a husband.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidhava (विधव):—[from vidh] a in [compound] for below.

2) Vidhavā (विधवा):—[from vidh] f. ([according to] to some [from] vi + dhava See 2. dhava, p.513) a husbandless woman, widow (also with nārī, yoṣit, strī etc.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] bereft of a king (a country), [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] cf. [Greek] ἠίθεος; [Latin] vidua; [Gothic] widuwô; [German] wituwa, witewe, Witwe; [Anglo-Saxon] wuduwe, widewe; [English] widow.

5) Vidhava (विधव):—b [Nominal verb] ([from] 1. vidhu) [Parasmaipada] vati, to resemble the moon, [Kāvyādarśa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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