Vidhava, aka: Vidhavā; 9 Definition(s)


Vidhava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Vidhava in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

Vidhavā (विधवा).—A woman whose husband is dead. In ancient India, it was ordained how a widow should live. It was allowed for a widow to get a son by her younger brother-in law to continue the family line in case the death of her husband occurred before the couple had children. The procedure about this is given in Manusmṛti, Chapter 9.

"He who goes to accept the widow with the permission of great people, should besmear his body with ghee and go to her bed in the night in a dark room. She should have only one son in this manner. After she has become pregnant, they should behave to each other as a teacher and a younger brother-in-law."

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A river in the inner regions of Himava (anto Himavante). J.iii.467.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Vidhavā (विधवा) is the name of a river situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Vidhavā is a river in the Himavanta.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vidhava in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vidhavā : (f.) a widow.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vidhavā, (f.) (Vedic vidhavā widow, vidhu lonely, vidhura separaṭed, Av. vidavā=Goth. widuwō=Ohg. wituwa (Ger. Witwe=E. widow); Gr. h)i/qeos unmarried; Lat. vidua widow, etc. in all Idg. languages) a widow S. I, 170; A. III, 128; J. VI, 33; Miln. 288; Vism. 17; PvA. 65, 161; VbhA. 339. (Page 622)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Vidhava in Marathi glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vidhavā (विधवा).—f (S vi Deprived of, dhava Husband.) A widow, Vidua.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidhavā (विधवा).—f A widow.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidhavā (विधवा).—[vigato dhavo yasyāḥ sā] A widow; सा नारी विधवा जाता गृहे रोदिति तत्पतिः (sā nārī vidhavā jātā gṛhe roditi tatpatiḥ) Subhāṣ.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidhavā (विधवा).—f.

(-vā) A widow. E. vi privative, dhava a husband.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 20 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vidhavāvedana (विधवावेदन).—n. (-naṃ) Marrying a widow. E. vidhavā, āvedana marrying.
Vidhavāgāmin (विधवागामिन्).—m. (-mī) One who has intercourse with a widow. E. vidhavā and gāmin...
Bālavidhavā (बालविधवा).—a child-widow. Bālavidhavā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the ter...
Dhava (धव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. A husband. 2. A man. 3. A rogue, a cheat. 4. A tree, (Grislea tomentos...
Vi (वि).—mf. (-viḥ-vī) 1. A bird. 2. The eye. 3. Heaven. 4. The region of the wind. 5. A horse....
Dhūmāvatī (धूमावती).—A holy place. The wishes of those who take three days' fast in this holy p...
Geha (गेह).—[go gaṇeśo gandharvo vā īhaḥ īpsito yatra Tv.] A house, habitation; सा नारी विधवा ज...
Vidhura (विधुर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Agitated, distressed, overcome with anxiety, distress, &...
Anuṣṭhāna (अनुष्ठान).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Commencement or course of proceeding. 2. Fixing or establish...
Paunarbhava (पौनर्भव).—mfn. (-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) Repeated, additional. m. (-vaḥ) 1. The son of a widow...
Sadhavā (सधवा).—f. (-vā) Wife, whose husband is living. E. sa for saha with, dhava a husband.
Avidhavā (अविधवा).—Not a widow, a married woman whose husband is still living; भर्तुर्मित्रं प्...
Avīra (अवीर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Weak, impotent, helpless. f. (-rā) A woman who has neither hus...
Vedhavera, (for *Sk. vaidhaveya, fr. vidhavā) son of a widow; in two diff. passages of the Jāt...
Vaidhavya (वैधव्य).—Widowhood; नववैधव्यमसह्यवेदनम् (navavaidhavyamasahyavedanam) Ku.4.1; M.5.De...

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