Dhavala, Dhavalā: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Dhavala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Dhavala (धवल) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., dhavala) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

1) Dhavala (धवल) refers to a “hero” and can be used as an appendage to metres, as mentioned by Hemacandra (38a, 2-8) and in the Svayambhūchandas (IV.41).—When a particular metre is employed to praise or favourably describe a hero (Dhavala) in the popular language i.e. the Apabhraṃśa, it gets the appendage Dhavala attached to it. Thus an Utsāha metre when thus employed will be called Utsāha-dhavala, a Dohā will be Dohā-dhavala and so on. When on the other hand, the same metres are employed in describing some auspicious occasion, they will get the appendage of the name Maṅgala attached to them at the end. Thus we may have an Utsāha-maṅgala, a Dohā-maṅgala and so on.

2) Dhavalā (धवला) is the name of a antarasama-catuṣpadi metre (also known as Ardhasama), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Dhavalā is made up of 10 (4, [ISI], [S]) and 12 (4, 5, [IS]) mātrās in their odd and even lines respectively.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dhavala in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Dhavala (धवल) is the name of a great warrior (mahāratha) who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... then four more great warriors, armed with bows, sent by Śrutaśarman, surrounded Prabhāsa:... the fourth was named Dhavala, the ruler of Bhūmituṇḍika”.

2) Dhavala (धवल) or Dhavalapura is the name of an ancient city according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, as Candrasvāmin said to his son Mahīpāla: “... in the city of Dhavala there was a merchant’s son named Cakra. He went on a trading voyage to Svarṇadvīpa against the will of his parents”.

3) Dhavala (धवल) is the name of a washerman (rajaka) from from Brahmasthala, as mentioned in the sixth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 80. Accordingly, “... and once there came there to bathe, on that day, a young washerman of the name of Dhavala, from a village called Brahmasthala. He saw there the virgin daughter of a man named Śuddhapaṭa, a girl called Madanasundarī, who had come to bathe in the sacred water [of Gaurītīrtha]...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dhavala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A channel flowing eastward from the Aciravati, a canal of the Mahavalukanadi. Cv.lxxix.53.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Dhavalā (धवला) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Dhavalā).

2) Dhavalā (धवला) is also the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Dhavalā (धवला) is the name of a village mentioned as lying on the western boundary of Muñjavalī, according to the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Nāgārjuna”. The boundary villages Doṇā, Dhavalā and Kuḍisavarā can be identified in the vicinity of Vāṃgaṇī. Muñjavalī has now disappeared, but it seems to have been situated near Vāṃgaṇī, a station on the Central Railway, which is evidently Vāiṅgaṇī mentioned in the present grant.

These copper plates (mentioning Dhavalā) were discovered in a tank in the locality called Pancha Pākhādī outside the town of Ṭhāṇā in 1965. The object of the present plates is to record the grant, by Mahāmaṇḍaleśvara Nāgārjuna, of a plot of land in the village Muñjavalī to Mādhava Paṇḍita, son of Gokarṇa Paṇḍita, of the Pārāśara gotra and Yajurveda-śakhā. The grant is dated in śaka 961, on the fifteenth tithi of the dark fortnight of Śrāvaṇa, Wednesday, the cyclic year being Pramāthin, with a solar eclipse.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (D) next»] — Dhavala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dhavala : (adj.) white; clean. (n.), white colour.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dhavala, (adj.) (Sk. dhavala, to dhavati, see dhāvati & dhovati) white, dazzling white VvA.252; Dāvs II.123; V, 26. (Page 340)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍhavaḷa (ढवळ).—m An annual plant, Lobella Nicotianifolia. Grah. Pipes or horns are made out of the stalks.

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ḍhavaḷā (ढवळा).—m (ḍhavaḷaṇēṃ) Confusion, disorder, ruin; smashed, squashed, blasted state (of a business, a counsel &c.); smish-smash. 2 unc Muddledness or disturbedness literally.

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ḍhavaḷā (ढवळा).—a (dhavala S) White.

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ḍhavāḷa (ढवाळ).—. See under ṭavāḷa.

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dhavala (धवल).—a S pop. dhavaḷa a & dhavā a White.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ḍhavaḷā (ढवळा).—m Confusion, disorder. a White.

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ḍhavāḷa (ढवाळ).—See ṭavāḷa &c.

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dhavala (धवल).—a dhavaḷa a & dhavā a White.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhavala (धवल).—a. [dhavaṃ kampaṃ lāti lā-ka; Tv.]

1) White; धवलातपत्र, धवलगृहम्, धवलवस्त्रम् (dhavalātapatra, dhavalagṛham, dhavalavastram) &c. नीता येन निशा शशाङ्कधवला (nītā yena niśā śaśāṅkadhavalā) Ujjvalamaṇi.

2) Handsome.

3) Clear, pure.

-laḥ 1 The white colour.

2) An excellent bull.

3) China camphor (cīnakarpūra).

4) Name of a tree. (dhava).

-lam White-pepper.

-lā A woman with a white complexion.

-lī A white cow; (dhavalā also).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhavala (धवल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. White. 2. Handsome, beautiful. m.

(-laḥ) 1. White, (the colour.) 2. A capital ox. 3. The Grislea tomentosa. 4. Camphor. 5. An inferior Raga or mode of music. n.

(-laṃ) White pepper. f. (-lā or -lī) A white cow, &c. E. dhāva to be clean or pure, kalac affix, and the radical vowel made short.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhavala (धवल).—[dhav + ala] (cf. 2. dhāv), adj., f. . 1. Dazzling white, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 25, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhavala (धवल).—([feminine] ā & ī) white; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhavala (धवल):—mf(ā)n. ([from] √2. dhāv? cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 108 [Scholiast or Commentator]]) white, dazzling wh°, [Varāha-mihira; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa] etc.

2) handsome, beautiful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) m. white (the colour), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a kind of dove, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

5) an old or excellent bull, [Harṣacarita]

6) a kind of camphor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Anogeissus Latifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) (in music) Name of a Rāga

9) Name of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

10) of one of the elephants of the quarters, [Rāmāyaṇa]

11) of a dog

12) f(ā and ī). a white cow, [Kādambarī]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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