Dhavala, Dhavalā: 27 definitions
Dhavala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Dhaval.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Dhavala (धवल) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., dhavala) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)
1) Dhavala (धवल) refers to a “hero” and can be used as an appendage to metres, as mentioned by Hemacandra (38a, 2-8) and in the Svayambhūchandas (IV.41).—When a particular metre is employed to praise or favourably describe a hero (Dhavala) in the popular language i.e. the Apabhraṃśa, it gets the appendage Dhavala attached to it. Thus an Utsāha metre when thus employed will be called Utsāha-dhavala, a Dohā will be Dohā-dhavala and so on. When on the other hand, the same metres are employed in describing some auspicious occasion, they will get the appendage of the name Maṅgala attached to them at the end. Thus we may have an Utsāha-maṅgala, a Dohā-maṅgala and so on.
2) Dhavalā (धवला) is the name of a antarasama-catuṣpadi metre (also known as Ardhasama), as discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Dhavalā is made up of 10 (4, [ISI], [S]) and 12 (4, 5, [IS]) mātrās in their odd and even lines respectively.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
1) Dhavala (धवल) is the name of a great warrior (mahāratha) who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Prabhāsa, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 48. Accordingly: “... then four more great warriors, armed with bows, sent by Śrutaśarman, surrounded Prabhāsa:... the fourth was named Dhavala, the ruler of Bhūmituṇḍika”.
2) Dhavala (धवल) or Dhavalapura is the name of an ancient city according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, as Candrasvāmin said to his son Mahīpāla: “... in the city of Dhavala there was a merchant’s son named Cakra. He went on a trading voyage to Svarṇadvīpa against the will of his parents”.
3) Dhavala (धवल) is the name of a washerman (rajaka) from from Brahmasthala, as mentioned in the sixth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 80. Accordingly, “... and once there came there to bathe, on that day, a young washerman of the name of Dhavala, from a village called Brahmasthala. He saw there the virgin daughter of a man named Śuddhapaṭa, a girl called Madanasundarī, who had come to bathe in the sacred water [of Gaurītīrtha]...”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dhavala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Dhavala (धवल) is another name for Śvetamarica, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 6.33-34 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Śvetamarica is prepared by decorticating the Marica fruits. Some scholars consider the Śigru seeds as Śvetamarica, which is not an accepted version now. The oil of pepper is prepared by its seeds. Malabar and Tellichari varieties are commercially much in use.—The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi).—Together with the names Dhavala and Śvetamarica, there are a total of seven Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)
Dhavala (धवल) refers to “white” (i.e., white like cow’s milk), according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult. Accordingly, “O goddess, Svacchanda is in the middle, within the abode of the triangle. Very powerful, he has five faces with three times five flaming eyes. He has ten arms and, very fierce, is adorned with many garlands, ornaments, necklaces and anklets. He has beautiful matted hair and the half moon is his crest jewel. O beloved, the face in the east is white like cow’s milk [i.e., gokṣīra-dhavala], it shines brilliant white. Generating great energy, contemplate it thus. One should think that the northern face is like the young rising sun, the form of a pomegranate flower and (red) like a Bandhūka”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Dhavala (धवल) refers to “white”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(Kubjikā’s) iconic form is threefold (according to whether it is) in (the transmission) of the Child, Middle One or the Aged. [...] The face of the goddess Parā is on top of the heads and shines auspiciously. It is white as milk [i.e., gokṣīra-dhavala], beautiful and shines like millions of moons. It exudes a current of nectar and is endowed with the eighteenth energy (of the Moon). The second one is the upper face. It is the Void called Mālinī. It is white and is venerated, part by part, by (both) the gods and demons. The third one is the eastern face. White, it is distraught with anger. Attended by Siddhas and Yoginīs, it is called Siddhayogeśvarī. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A channel flowing eastward from the Aciravati, a canal of the Mahavalukanadi. Cv.lxxix.53.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
1) Dhavalā (धवला) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Dhavalā).
2) Dhavalā (धवला) is also the name of Dūtī (i.e., messengers of Lord Vajrapāṇi) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geographySource: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras
Dhavalā (धवला) is the name of a village mentioned as lying on the western boundary of Muñjavalī, according to the “Ṭhāṇā plates of Nāgārjuna”. The boundary villages Doṇā, Dhavalā and Kuḍisavarā can be identified in the vicinity of Vāṃgaṇī. Muñjavalī has now disappeared, but it seems to have been situated near Vāṃgaṇī, a station on the Central Railway, which is evidently Vāiṅgaṇī mentioned in the present grant.
These copper plates (mentioning Dhavalā) were discovered in a tank in the locality called Pancha Pākhādī outside the town of Ṭhāṇā in 1965. The object of the present plates is to record the grant, by Mahāmaṇḍaleśvara Nāgārjuna, of a plot of land in the village Muñjavalī to Mādhava Paṇḍita, son of Gokarṇa Paṇḍita, of the Pārāśara gotra and Yajurveda-śakhā. The grant is dated in śaka 961, on the fifteenth tithi of the dark fortnight of Śrāvaṇa, Wednesday, the cyclic year being Pramāthin, with a solar eclipse.Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Kalachuri-chedi era
Dhavala (धवल) (the headquarters of an āhāra) is the name of a locality identified with Dhawaia, 4 miles south of Dighī, as mentioned in the Kārītalāi stone inscription of Lakṣmanarāja II.—Accordingly, “[...] The illustrious Śanka[ragana] (III) the devout worshipper of Viṣṇu, skilled in charity, gave ... on (the occasion of) an eclipse of the moon. (He) gave the village Chhallipātaka, which is situated in the āhāra of Dhavala and Antarapāta on (the occasion of) an eclipse of the sun”.
These stone slabs (mentioning Dhavala) were discovered at Kārītalāi, a village in the Murwārā tahsil of the Jabalpur District in Madhya Pradesh. They mention three Kalachuri princes, Yuvarājadeva, Lakṣmanarāja and Śankaragana [Śaṅkaragaṇa?].
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
dhavala : (adj.) white; clean. (n.), white colour.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Dhavala, (adj.) (Sk. dhavala, to dhavati, see dhāvati & dhovati) white, dazzling white VvA.252; Dāvs II.123; V, 26. (Page 340)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ḍhavaḷa (ढवळ).—m An annual plant, Lobella Nicotianifolia. Grah. Pipes or horns are made out of the stalks.
--- OR ---
ḍhavaḷā (ढवळा).—m (ḍhavaḷaṇēṃ) Confusion, disorder, ruin; smashed, squashed, blasted state (of a business, a counsel &c.); smish-smash. 2 unc Muddledness or disturbedness literally.
--- OR ---
ḍhavaḷā (ढवळा).—a (dhavala S) White.
--- OR ---
ḍhavāḷa (ढवाळ).—. See under ṭavāḷa.
--- OR ---
dhavala (धवल).—a S pop. dhavaḷa a & dhavā a White.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
ḍhavaḷā (ढवळा).—m Confusion, disorder. a White.
--- OR ---
ḍhavāḷa (ढवाळ).—See ṭavāḷa &c.
--- OR ---
dhavala (धवल).—a dhavaḷa a & dhavā a White.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Dhavala (धवल).—a. [dhavaṃ kampaṃ lāti lā-ka; Tv.]
1) White; धवलातपत्र, धवलगृहम्, धवलवस्त्रम् (dhavalātapatra, dhavalagṛham, dhavalavastram) &c. नीता येन निशा शशाङ्कधवला (nītā yena niśā śaśāṅkadhavalā) Ujjvalamaṇi.
3) Clear, pure.
-laḥ 1 The white colour.
2) An excellent bull.
3) China camphor (cīnakarpūra).
4) Name of a tree. (dhava).
-lā A woman with a white complexion.
-lī A white cow; (dhavalā also).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. White. 2. Handsome, beautiful. m.
(-laḥ) 1. White, (the colour.) 2. A capital ox. 3. The Grislea tomentosa. 4. Camphor. 5. An inferior Raga or mode of music. n.
(-laṃ) White pepper. f. (-lā or -lī) A white cow, &c. E. dhāva to be clean or pure, kalac affix, and the radical vowel made short.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhavala (धवल).—[dhav + ala] (cf. 2. dhāv), adj., f. lā. 1. Dazzling white, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 25, 15.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhavala (धवल).—([feminine] ā & ī) white; [abstract] tā [feminine], tva [neuter]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Dhavala (धवल):—mf(ā)n. ([from] √2. dhāv? cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 108 [Scholiast or Commentator]]) white, dazzling wh°, [Varāha-mihira; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa] etc.
2) handsome, beautiful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) m. white (the colour), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) a kind of dove, [Bhāvaprakāśa]
5) an old or excellent bull, [Harṣacarita]
6) a kind of camphor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) Anogeissus Latifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) (in music) Name of a Rāga
9) Name of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]
10) of one of the elephants of the quarters, [Rāmāyaṇa]
11) of a dog
12) f(ā and ī). a white cow, [Kādambarī]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dhavala (धवल):—(laḥ) 1. m. White colour; a capital ox; camphor; a mode of music; the grislea tomentosa. f. (lā-lī) A white cow. n. White pepper. a. White, handsome.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Dhavala (धवल) [Also spelled dhaval]:—(a) white; clear; bright; beautiful; ~[latā] whiteness; clearness; brightness; ~[lita] whitened; cleared; brightened.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Dhavala (धवल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dhavala.
2) Dhavala (धवल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhavala.
3) Dhavala (धवल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhavala.
4) Dhavalā (धवला) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhavalā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] brilliant or gorgeous appearance, colouring, etc.; magnificence; splendour.
2) [noun] tidiness orderliness; etc.
3) [noun] a way or method in which something is or to be done, happens or happened; manner.
4) [noun] injury or harm to a person or thing, resulting in a loss in soundness or value; damage.
5) [noun] the act of polishing by rubbing the surface of.
6) [noun] the outward appearance; semblance.
7) [noun] a man whose good appearance, behaviour etc. belie his real intentions; a deceiver.
8) [noun] (mus.) a phrase of phrases, having combinations of alternative notes, played or sung continuously.
--- OR ---
Dhavala (ಧವಲ):—[adjective] = ಧವಳ [dhavala]1.
--- OR ---
Dhavala (ಧವಲ):—[noun] = ಧವಳ [dhavala]2.
--- OR ---
1) [adjective] having the colour of pure snow or milk; white.
2) [adjective] pure; spotless; faultless.
3) [adjective] beautiful; charming; handsome.
4) [adjective] high or higher in order, status, rank, etc.; superior.
--- OR ---
1) [noun] white colour.
2) [noun] an excellent ox.
3) [noun] a kind of camphor obtained from the tree Laurus camphora of Lauraceae family; Chine camphor.
4) [noun] a kind of song sung during marriages.
5) [noun] a large, spiral univalve shell of some marine mollusc, that gives a loud and continuous sound when blown.
6) [noun] an excellent man.
7) [noun] a musical mode in Hindūstāni system.
8) [noun] (pros.) a meter having nineteen syllables in each line.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+20): Dhavala-cchatra, Dhavalaa, Dhavalacandra, Dhavaladhavala, Dhavalagara, Dhavalaghara, Dhavalagiri, Dhavalagriha, Dhavalaia, Dhavalaka, Dhavalakaushti, Dhavalakhora, Dhavalaki, Dhavalakka, Dhavalakkapura, Dhavalamrittika, Dhavalamukha, Dhavalana, Dhavalanem, Dhavalanibandha.
Ends with (+12): Amaradhavala, Atidhavala, Atishayadhavala, Bandhavala, Bhramaradhavala, Dhavaladhavala, Edhavala, Evadhavala, Gokshiradhavala, Gotradhavala, Gunadhavala, Jedhavala, Kadhavala, Kedhavala, Kirtidhavala, Lakadhavala, Madhavala, Mrinaladhavala, Mundhavala, Pratapadhavala.
Full-text (+56): Dhavalamrittika, Dhavalotpala, Dhavalita, Duma, Dhavalapaksha, Dhavalanka, Dhavalata, Dhavalatva, Dhavalagriha, Dhavaliman, Dhavali, Dhavalikrita, Dhavalibhuta, Atidhavala, Dhavalya, Dhavalagiri, Dahulanem, Dohalanem, Davhalanem, Dhavalasmriti.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Dhavala, Dhavalā, Dhavaḷa, Ḍhavāla, Ḍhavāḷa, Ḍhavalā, Ḍhavaḷā, Ḍhavala, Ḍhavaḷa; (plurals include: Dhavalas, Dhavalās, Dhavaḷas, Ḍhavālas, Ḍhavāḷas, Ḍhavalās, Ḍhavaḷās, Ḍhavalas, Ḍhavaḷas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Chapter LXXX < [Book XII - Śaśāṅkavatī]
Chapter XLVIII < [Book VIII - Sūryaprabha]
Chapter LVI < [Book IX - Alaṅkāravatī]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Puranic encyclopaedia (by Vettam Mani)
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)