Kshemapuri, Kṣemapurī, Kshema-puri: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Kshemapuri means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣemapurī can be transliterated into English as Ksemapuri or Kshemapuri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kshemapuri in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Kathakosa

Kṣemapurī (क्षेमपुरी).—Origin of the city Kṣemapurī is found in the “story of the ploughman who became a king” of the Kathākośa.—Long ago there was a city named Dhanyā belonging to the family of that king (Sūrasena), and in the family of the same king there was a king named Siṃhadhvaja. Now, in the entrance to that city a hermit practising a severe form of penance had established himself in the middle of the road in the statuesque posture. But the people entering the city thought him a nuisance, and saying, “This man is of evil omen to us,” persecuted him. Therefore the god, who dwelt in the city, became enraged at this time with the citizens. In the meanwhile, as the hermit went on bearing patiently terrible persecution, unlimited knowledge arose in him, and at that very moment he died. Then the god, who presided over the city, made up his mind to kill all the citizens, but was propitiated by the king by means of great devotion. Then the god said: “King, remove this city, and settle it somewhere else, in order that there may be security”. Then the city was settled on another site, and thus arose the town of Kṣemapurī.

Now, that god held the true faith, and so he went and dwelled in the temple of Ṛṣabha, in the form of a lion, though that temple was in the forest. He would not allow wicked people even to enter the temple.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kṣemapurī (क्षेमपुरी) is the name of an ancient city in Dhātakīkhaṇḍa in Airāvata, according to chapter 3.1 [sambhava-jina-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “In the zone Airāvata in the continent Dhātakīkhaṇḍa, there is a celebrated city, named Kṣemapurī, the abode of happiness (kṣema). In this city there was a king, named Vipulavāhana, endowed with great understanding, like Meghavāhana (Indra) come to earth. He guarded duly his subjects unceasingly, destroying all pains, like a gardener guarding his garden, destroying all thorns. [...]”.

Source: HereNow4u: Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (2)

Kṣemapurī (क्षेमपुरी) is the name of an ancient city.—[...] The ‘Śrī Pāsanāha Cariyaṃ’ gives the following description of Lord Pārśvanātha’s Gaṇadharas (principal disciples).—“[...] Śubhadatta: He was the first Gaṇadharas of Lord Pārśvanātha. He was the resident of Kṣemapurī city. His father's name was Dhanya and mother's name was Līlāvatī. He became a śrāvaka under monk Saṃbhūta. After the death of his parents he became disinclined. He heard the sermon of Lord Pārśvanātha at Āśramapada garden at the 1st Samavaśaraṇa and became a mendicant and the first Gaṇadhara”.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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