Nagila, Nāgila: 6 definitions


Nagila means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Nagila (नगिल) is the friend of Kumāranandin and later became the God Acyuta, as mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Accordingly, “In love with two Vyantarī (i.e., Vyantara-women), Hāsā and Prahāsā, the silversmith Kumāranandin decides to join them on the island Pañcaśaila. Despite the opposition of his friend Nagila, he therefore undertakes a fast to the death. Upon his death, he becomes the god Vidyunmālin. Meanwhile, his friend, a convert to Jainism, became a sky god Acyuta upon his death. The gods come to meet. The old friend explains to Nagila what brought him this rebirth. Awakened, Vidyunmālin asks what work of merit he can accomplish: the statue of sandalwood”.

Cf.  Āvaśyakacūrṇi I 397.5-398.14; Āvasyakaniryukti (Haribhadra commentary) b.3-a.l; Bṛhatkalpabhāṣya (v. 5225) 1388.29-1389.4; NiBh 140.5-142.2 (named Aṇaṃgaseṇa); Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra X.ll.v. 332-381: Johnson VI p. 285-289.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Nāgila (नागिल) is the name of a householder from Nandi (a village situated in Dhātakīkhaṇḍa), as mentioned in chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as the incarnation of Svayambuddha said to the incarnation of king Mahābala:

“[...] in the village Nandi, there is a miserable householder, named Nāgila. Wandering like a ghost daily to fill his stomach, he goes to bed hungry and thirsty and gets up the same. He has a wife, like hunger to poverty, named Nāgaśrī, crest-jewel of the unfortunate. He has six daughters, daughter after daughter, like boils on the body of a man with skin-disease, boil under boil. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nāgila (नागिल):—[from nāga] m. Name of a man, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

2) Nāgilā (नागिला):—[from nāgila > nāga] f. Name of a woman, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nāgila (नागिल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇāila, Ṇāilā, Ṇāilī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nagila in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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