Bandhu, Bamdhu: 26 definitions


Bandhu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bandhu (बन्धु) refers to “kinsman”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, after Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) brought his daughter (Pārvatī) before Śiva: “Then Śiva looked at her in the first flush of her youth. [...] On seeing Śiva the lord of all, the chief of those devoted to penance, the lord with the moon as his ornament, who can be known through spiritual insight and who was sitting in the meditative posture closing His eyes, Himācala saluted Him again. Though he was not disheartened, he entertained some doubts. Thus he, the lord of mountains, foremost of the eloquent, spoke to Śiva, the sole kinsman of the universe [i.e., jagat-eka-bandhu]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bandhu (बन्धु).—The son of Vegavat and father of Tṛṇabindu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 30.

1b) A God of one of the ten branches of the Rohītā gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 85. Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 90.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Bandhu (बन्धु) refers to “relatives”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] Now he tells the fruit of the rotation of the bowl, starting from the east etc., and ending in the middle. According as the bowl rotates in cardinal directions from the east up to the middle of the basin, it causes respectively the good fortune of having the husband alive and devoted (saubhāgya), death, near death of the bride (vadhū-mṛtisama), the body full of diseases, the girl becomes the favourite [of all], resembles a courtesan, (?) virtuous, endowed with sons, wealth and relatives [i.e., suta-vitta-bandhu-sahita]. Staying in the middle, [the bowl] grants noble [sons]. If the bowl becomes full (pūrṇā)[ and sinks] in the north, northeast, or in the east, it bestows auspiciousness; if it sinks (magnā) in the remaining directions, it is said to inflict widowhood on the girl”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Bandhu (बन्धु) refers to a “flower”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] She has braided hair. Her limbs are adorned with bracelets, earrings, necklaces, twining laces, girdles, jewels, and anklets. Her clothes resemble Bandhūka flowers (bandhūka-bandhu). She is full of affection, and the hue of her body is brightened up with saffron and sandal paste.. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Bandhu (बन्धु) represents the number 4 (four) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 4—bandhu] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Bandhu (बन्धु), denoting “relationship” in the abstract and “relation” in the concrete, occurs in the Ṛgveda and later.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bandhu (बन्धु) refers to “relatives”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXXII-XXXIV).—Accordingly, “When one is making fire by friction, first the flame takes fire on the soft grass and dried cow dung and, as the strength of the fire increases, it is able to consume big pieces of moist wood. It is the same for the concentration of loving-kindness (maitrī-samādhi): at the beginning, when one make the vows for loving-kindness, one applies them only to one’s  friends (mitra); but when the mind of loving-kindness has grown, enemies (amitra) and relatives (bandhu) become mixed up and one sees them all as experiencing happiness: this is because the dhyānas or samāpattis of loving-kindness have grown and are becoming complete”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bandhu (बन्धु) or Bandhutā refers to “kinship”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Those who throw you into the whirlpool of life are certainly not [your] friends. Having shown [you] what is beneficial, yogis will form a kinship with you (bandhutābandhutāṃ te kariṣyanti)”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bandhu.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. Note: bandhu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bandhu : (m.) kinsman; relative; relation.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bandhu, (Vedic bandhu, see bandhati & cp. bandhava) 1. a relation, relative, kinsman; pl. bandhū J. IV, 301; PvA. 86 (=ñātī) & bandhavo Nd2 455 (where Nd1 11 in id. p. reads bandhū).—Ādicca° kinsman of the Sun, an Ep. of the Buddha Vin. II, 296; A. II, 17; Sn. 54, 915, 1128, cp. Nd2 152b; Vv 2413; 7810, cp. VvA. 116. ‹-› Four kinds of relations enumd at Nd1 11. viz. ñāti°, gotta°, manta° (where Nd2 455 reads mitta°), sippa°.—2. Ep. of Brahmā, as ancestor of the brahmins DA. I, 254: see below °pāda.—3. (°-) connected with, related to, dealing with (cp. Vedic amṛta-bandhu RV X. 725) S. I, 123 (pamatta°); 128; Sn. 241, 315, 430, 911; J. IV, 525; Miln. 65 (kamma°); SnA 192 (veda°.).—f. bandhunī J. VI, 47 (said of the town of Mithilā (rāja°); expld by C. as “rāja-ñātakeh’eva puṇṇā”).—pāda the foot of Brahma, from which the Śūdras are said to have originated (cp. Sk. pādaja), in cpd. Bandhupād’apacca “offering from the foot of our kinsman,” applied as contemptuous epithet to the Samaṇas by a Brahmin D. I, 90; M. I, 334; S. IV, 117. (Page 482)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bandhu (बंधु).—m (S) A brother. 2 A cousin, a kinsman, a relation. 3 (with culata or āta or māmā or māūsa prefixed) Father's brother's son, father's sister's son, mother's brother's son, mother's sister's son, i.e. a cousin. 4 An associate, a fellow, a comrade, one united in the same study or occupation. Ex. of comp. gurubandhu, vidyābandhu, karma-vrata-jāti-dharma- śālā-bandhu. 5 As bandhu is affixed to brahma (See brahmabandhu), so it appears, occasionally, affixed to kṣatra, to vaiśya, and to śūdra, conveying the same implication. 6 In comp. Protector, cherisher, friend; as dīnabandhu, anāthabandhu, viśvabandhu, jagatbandhu.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bandhu (बंधु).—m A brother. A cousin, a relation. Protector, friend; as dīnabandhu, anāthabandhu &c. The friend of the poor &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bandhu (बन्धु).—[badhnāti manaḥ snehādinā bandh-u]

1) A relation, kinsman, relative in general; यत्र द्रुमा अपि मृगा अपि बन्धवो मे (yatra drumā api mṛgā api bandhavo me) Uttararāmacarita 3.8; मातृबन्धुनिवासिनम् (mātṛbandhunivāsinam) R.12.12; Ś.6.23; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6.9; Manusmṛti 2.136.

2) Any one connected or associated with another, a brother; प्रवासबन्धुः (pravāsabandhuḥ) a brothertraveller; धर्मबन्धुः (dharmabandhuḥ) a spiritual brother; अनुमतगमना शकुन्तला तरुभिरियं वनवासबन्धुभिः (anumatagamanā śakuntalā tarubhiriyaṃ vanavāsabandhubhiḥ) Ś.4.1.

3) (In law) A cognate kinsman, one's own kindred or kinsmen generally; (three kinds are enumerated :-ātma° personal, pitṛ° paternal, and mātṛ° maternal; see these three words).

4) A friend (in general); as in बन्धुकृत्य (bandhukṛtya) below; oft. at the end of comp.; मकरन्दगन्धबन्धो (makarandagandhabandho) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.38 'a friend of, (i. e.) charged with fragrance'; &c.; 9.13.

5) A husband; वैदेहिबन्धोर्हृदयं विदद्रे (vaidehibandhorhṛdayaṃ vidadre) R.14.33.

6) A father.

7) A mother.

8) A brother.

9) The tree called बन्धुजीव (bandhujīva) q. v.

1) One who belongs to or is connected with any tribe or profession only nominally; i. e. one who belongs to it, but does not do the duties pertaining thereto (often used by way of contempt); स्वयमेव ब्रह्मबन्धुनोद्भिन्नो दुर्गप्रयोगः (svayameva brahmabandhunodbhinno durgaprayogaḥ) M.4; cf. क्षत्रबन्धु (kṣatrabandhu).

11) Connection, relationship, association in general; समुद्र एवास्य बन्धुः (samudra evāsya bandhuḥ) Bṛ. Up.1.1.2; B. R.3.89.

12) A controller, governor; (namaḥ) गुणत्रयाभासनिमित्तबन्धवे (guṇatrayābhāsanimittabandhave) Bhāgavata 6.4.23.

13) (In astrol.) Name of the 3rd mansion.

Derivable forms: bandhuḥ (बन्धुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhu (बन्धु).—m.

(-ndhuḥ) 1. A kinsman, a relation, but especially a distant or cognate kinsman, and subsequent in right of inheritance to the gentile or Sagotra; the Bandhu, is of three kinds; the kinsman of the person himself, of his father or his mother, as his father’s brother’s son, and his mother’s sister’s or brother’s son; and the same reckoning upwards, as his father’s father’s sister’s son, &c. 2. A friend. 3. A brother. 4. A flower, (Pentapetes phœnicea.) E. bandh to bind or connect, (in affection.) u aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhu (बन्धु).—[bandh + u], m. 1. A kinsman, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 182. 2. Kindred, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 136; 3, 148 (maternal cousin, [Kullūka Schol. ed. [Mānavadharmaśāstra]]). 3. A friend, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 30, M. M.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhu (बन्धु).—[masculine] connection, association, relation (adj. [feminine] ū only nominally connected with, only by name —°); concr. relative, kinsman, friend, brother, husband; [feminine] ū wife (only adj. —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Bandhu (बन्धु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bandhu (बन्धु):—[from bandh] m. connection, relation, association, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (ifc. with f(ū). = belonging to, coming under the head of id est. ‘being only in name’; cf. kṣatra-, dvija-b etc.; ‘resembling’ [Bālarāmāyaṇa v, 56/57], ‘frequented by’ [ib. iii, 20], ‘favourable for’ [ib. iv, 87]; cf. [Pāṇini 6-1, 14])

2) [v.s. ...] respect, reference (kena bandhunā ‘in what respect?’), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] kinship, kindred, [Manu-smṛti ii, 136]

4) [v.s. ...] a kinsman ([especially] on the mother’s side), relative, kindred, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (in law, a cognate kinsman in a remote degree, one subsequent in right of inheritance to the Sa-gotra; three kinds are enumerated, personal, paternal and maternal)

5) [v.s. ...] a friend (opp. to ripu), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a husband, [Raghuvaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] a brother, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Pentapetes Phoenicea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (= bandhūka)

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a metre, [Colebrooke]

10) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) of the fourth mansion, [Varāha-mihira]

11) [v.s. ...] of a Ṛṣi with the [patronymic] Gaupāyana or Laupāyana (author of [Ṛg-veda v, 24 and x, 5660]), [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

12) [v.s. ...] of Manmatha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Bandhū (बन्धू):—[from bandh] in [compound] for dhu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhu (बन्धु):—(ndhuḥ) 2. m. A kinsman; a friend.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bandhu (बन्धु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Baṃdhu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bandhu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bandhu in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a brother; relative; kinsman; ~[jana] kinsfolk, kinsmen; —[bamdhava] kinsfolk, relatives; —[bhava] kinship; fraternity, fraternal feeling, fraternalism; -[varga] see —[bamdhava; ~hina] desolate, lonely; kinless..—bandhu (बंधु) is alternatively transliterated as Baṃdhu.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Baṃdhu (बंधु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bandhu.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Baṃdhu (ಬಂಧು):—

1) [noun] the relation that exists between two persons connected by blood or marriage.

2) [noun] a person as related to another by blood or marriage.

3) [noun] a friend.

4) [noun] another tree Bridelia montana of the same family.

5) [noun] (astrol.) the fourth house from one’s birth house, in the zodiac chart.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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