Bandhu: 17 definitions



Bandhu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bandhu (बन्धु).—The son of Vegavat and father of Tṛṇabindu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 30.

1b) A God of one of the ten branches of the Rohītā gaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 85. Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 90.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Bandhu (बन्धु), denoting “relationship” in the abstract and “relation” in the concrete, occurs in the Ṛgveda and later.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bandhu.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. Note: bandhu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bandhu : (m.) kinsman; relative; relation.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bandhu, (Vedic bandhu, see bandhati & cp. bandhava) 1. a relation, relative, kinsman; pl. bandhū J. IV, 301; PvA. 86 (=ñātī) & bandhavo Nd2 455 (where Nd1 11 in id. p. reads bandhū).—Ādicca° kinsman of the Sun, an Ep. of the Buddha Vin. II, 296; A. II, 17; Sn. 54, 915, 1128, cp. Nd2 152b; Vv 2413; 7810, cp. VvA. 116. ‹-› Four kinds of relations enumd at Nd1 11. viz. ñāti°, gotta°, manta° (where Nd2 455 reads mitta°), sippa°.—2. Ep. of Brahmā, as ancestor of the brahmins DA. I, 254: see below °pāda.—3. (°-) connected with, related to, dealing with (cp. Vedic amṛta-bandhu RV X. 725) S. I, 123 (pamatta°); 128; Sn. 241, 315, 430, 911; J. IV, 525; Miln. 65 (kamma°); SnA 192 (veda°.).—f. bandhunī J. VI, 47 (said of the town of Mithilā (rāja°); expld by C. as “rāja-ñātakeh’eva puṇṇā”).—pāda the foot of Brahma, from which the Śūdras are said to have originated (cp. Sk. pādaja), in cpd. Bandhupād’apacca “offering from the foot of our kinsman,” applied as contemptuous epithet to the Samaṇas by a Brahmin D. I, 90; M. I, 334; S. IV, 117. (Page 482)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bandhu (बंधु).—m (S) A brother. 2 A cousin, a kinsman, a relation. 3 (with culata or āta or māmā or māūsa prefixed) Father's brother's son, father's sister's son, mother's brother's son, mother's sister's son, i.e. a cousin. 4 An associate, a fellow, a comrade, one united in the same study or occupation. Ex. of comp. gurubandhu, vidyābandhu, karma-vrata-jāti-dharma- śālā-bandhu. 5 As bandhu is affixed to brahma (See brahmabandhu), so it appears, occasionally, affixed to kṣatra, to vaiśya, and to śūdra, conveying the same implication. 6 In comp. Protector, cherisher, friend; as dīnabandhu, anāthabandhu, viśvabandhu, jagatbandhu.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bandhu (बंधु).—m A brother. A cousin, a relation. Protector, friend; as dīnabandhu, anāthabandhu &c. The friend of the poor &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bandhu (बन्धु).—[badhnāti manaḥ snehādinā bandh-u]

1) A relation, kinsman, relative in general; यत्र द्रुमा अपि मृगा अपि बन्धवो मे (yatra drumā api mṛgā api bandhavo me) U.3.8; मातृबन्धुनिवासिनम् (mātṛbandhunivāsinam) R.12.12; Ś.6.23; Bg.6.9; Ms.2.136.

2) Any one connected or associated with another, a brother; प्रवासबन्धुः (pravāsabandhuḥ) a brothertraveller; धर्मबन्धुः (dharmabandhuḥ) a spiritual brother; अनुमतगमना शकुन्तला तरुभिरियं वनवासबन्धुभिः (anumatagamanā śakuntalā tarubhiriyaṃ vanavāsabandhubhiḥ) Ś.4.1.

3) (In law) A cognate kinsman, one's own kindred or kinsmen generally; (three kinds are enumerated :-ātma° personal, pitṛ° paternal, and mātṛ° maternal; see these three words).

4) A friend (in general); as in बन्धुकृत्य (bandhukṛtya) below; oft. at the end of comp.; मकरन्दगन्धबन्धो (makarandagandhabandho) Māl.1.38 'a friend of, (i. e.) charged with fragrance'; &c.; 9.13.

5) A husband; वैदेहिबन्धोर्हृदयं विदद्रे (vaidehibandhorhṛdayaṃ vidadre) R.14.33.

6) A father.

7) A mother.

8) A brother.

9) The tree called बन्धुजीव (bandhujīva) q. v.

1) One who belongs to or is connected with any tribe or profession only nominally; i. e. one who belongs to it, but does not do the duties pertaining thereto (often used by way of contempt); स्वयमेव ब्रह्मबन्धुनोद्भिन्नो दुर्गप्रयोगः (svayameva brahmabandhunodbhinno durgaprayogaḥ) M.4; cf. क्षत्रबन्धु (kṣatrabandhu).

11) Connection, relationship, association in general; समुद्र एवास्य बन्धुः (samudra evāsya bandhuḥ) Bṛ. Up.1.1.2; B. R.3.89.

12) A controller, governor; (namaḥ) गुणत्रयाभासनिमित्तबन्धवे (guṇatrayābhāsanimittabandhave) Bhāg.6.4.23.

13) (In astrol.) Name of the 3rd mansion.

Derivable forms: bandhuḥ (बन्धुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhu (बन्धु).—m.

(-ndhuḥ) 1. A kinsman, a relation, but especially a distant or cognate kinsman, and subsequent in right of inheritance to the gentile or Sagotra; the Bandhu, is of three kinds; the kinsman of the person himself, of his father or his mother, as his father’s brother’s son, and his mother’s sister’s or brother’s son; and the same reckoning upwards, as his father’s father’s sister’s son, &c. 2. A friend. 3. A brother. 4. A flower, (Pentapetes phœnicea.) E. bandh to bind or connect, (in affection.) u aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhu (बन्धु).—[bandh + u], m. 1. A kinsman, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 182. 2. Kindred, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 136; 3, 148 (maternal cousin, [Kullūka Schol. ed. [Mānavadharmaśāstra]]). 3. A friend, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 30, M. M.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhu (बन्धु).—[masculine] connection, association, relation (adj. [feminine] ū only nominally connected with, only by name —°); concr. relative, kinsman, friend, brother, husband; [feminine] ū wife (only adj. —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Bandhu (बन्धु) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bandhu (बन्धु):—[from bandh] m. connection, relation, association, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (ifc. with f(ū). = belonging to, coming under the head of id est. ‘being only in name’; cf. kṣatra-, dvija-b etc.; ‘resembling’ [Bālarāmāyaṇa v, 56/57], ‘frequented by’ [ib. iii, 20], ‘favourable for’ [ib. iv, 87]; cf. [Pāṇini 6-1, 14])

2) [v.s. ...] respect, reference (kena bandhunā ‘in what respect?’), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] kinship, kindred, [Manu-smṛti ii, 136]

4) [v.s. ...] a kinsman ([especially] on the mother’s side), relative, kindred, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (in law, a cognate kinsman in a remote degree, one subsequent in right of inheritance to the Sa-gotra; three kinds are enumerated, personal, paternal and maternal)

5) [v.s. ...] a friend (opp. to ripu), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] a husband, [Raghuvaṃśa]

7) [v.s. ...] a brother, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Pentapetes Phoenicea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (= bandhūka)

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a metre, [Colebrooke]

10) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) of the fourth mansion, [Varāha-mihira]

11) [v.s. ...] of a Ṛṣi with the [patronymic] Gaupāyana or Laupāyana (author of [Ṛg-veda v, 24 and x, 5660]), [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

12) [v.s. ...] of Manmatha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Bandhū (बन्धू):—[from bandh] in [compound] for dhu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bandhu (बन्धु):—(ndhuḥ) 2. m. A kinsman; a friend.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bandhu (बन्धु):—

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bandhu (बन्धु):——

1) m. — a) Zusammenhang , Verbindung , Beziehung. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. (f. ū) zu der und der Kategorie gehörig , so v.a. nur dem Namen nach es seiend. — b) Verwandtschaft (insbes. agnatio neben nābhi cognatio ) , Genossenschaft. — c) Verwandter (namentlich mütterlicherseits ) , Angehöriger. — d) Freund. — e) Gatte. — f) *Bruder. — g) am Ende eines Comp. — α) ein Verwandter von , so v.a. überaus ähnlich [Bālarāmāyaṇa 136,21.] [Jayadeva's Prasannarāghava 32,16.] — β) ein Freund von , so v.a. besucht von [Bālarāmāyaṇa 64,14.] — γ) ein Freund von , so v.a. günstig für [Bālarāmāyaṇa 84,14.] — h) Pentapetes Phoenicea. — i) ein best. Metrum. — k) in der Astrol. das 4te Haus. — l) Nomen proprium eines Mannes. —

2) f. bandhū Gattin. Nur am Ende eines adj. Comp. (m. bandhu) zu belegen.

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Bandhū (बन्धू):—1. f. s.u. bandhu.

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Bandhū (बन्धू):—2. Adv. —

1) mit kar — a) zum Freunde machen. — b) zum Freunde von — (im Comp. vorangehend) machen , so v.a. in Verbindung bringen mit [Bālarāmāyaṇa 258.8.] —

2) mit bhū zum Angehörigen — , so v.a. ähnlich werden [Naiṣadhacarita 7,37.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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