Nibha, Nibhā: 16 definitions


Nibha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nibhā (निभा) means “resembling” (i.e., that which is like), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(You are) the Doomsday Fire (saṃvartā) within the primordial lord (ādinātha), the energy of supreme Śiva, the famed Kaulinī. You are Vakrā, the Transmental the primordial (power) (ādyā), who is like the rays of the radiance (of ultimate reality) [i.e., dyutikiraṇa-nibhā]; (you are) Śāmbhavī, the mother of liberation. (You are) the unfailing current of Kaula knowledge and, residing in the End of the Sixteen, (you) accomplish all things. O Saṃvartā, (you are) the mother of mantra, blissful and innate (sahajā) and called ‘Mother’ (ambikā) in (each) sacred seat and field”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Nibha (निभ) refers to “resembling” (i.e., ‘that which resembles a drop of cow’s milk or jasmine’), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 3.17-23, while describing a meditation on Amṛteśa in his form as Mṛtyujit]—“And so now, having constructed the amṛtāmudrā or the padmamudrā, [the mantrin] should meditate on the Ātman. The deity is equal in splendor [to that] of ten million moons, as bright as pellucid pearls, and as magnificent as quartz stone, he resembles drop of cow’s milk or jasmine (kunda-indu-gokṣīra-nibha), mountain snow, and is everywhere. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nibha (निभ) refers to “resembling”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That [cosmos] is not at all produced by anyone, not at all sustained by anyone, so also not destroyed by anyone. Nevertheless, that exists by itself without support in the atmosphere. [...] It is the shape of a cane stool in the lower region, like a cymbal (jhallarī-nibha) in the middle and it is like a drum on the top. Thus, that consists of three parts”.

Synonyms: Saṃnibha, Tulya, Sadṛśa, Ākāra.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nibha : (adj.) equal to; resembling. || nibhā (f.), lustre; light.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nibha, (adj.) (Sk. nibha, to bhāti) shining; like, equal to, resembling (-°) J. V, 372; Vv 401; Pv IV. 312; VvA. 122 (vaṇṇa°=vaṇṇa); Nd2 608. (Page 366)

— or —

Nibhā, (f.) (to nibha) shine, lustre, splendour VvA. 179 (nibhāti dippatī ti nibhā). (Page 366)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nibha (निभ).—[ni-bhā-ka]

1) (At the end of comp. only) Like, similar, resembling; उद्बुद्धमुग्धकनकाब्जनिभं वहन्ती (udbuddhamugdhakanakābjanibhaṃ vahantī) Māl. 1.4; Meghadūta 83; so चन्द्रनिभानना (candranibhānanā) &c.

-bhaḥ, -bham 1 appearance, light, manifestation.

2) Pretence, disguise, pretext.

3) A trick, fraud.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nibhā (निभा).—(= Pali id.), appearance, sheen: Lalitavistara 255.6; 256.5, 10 (all prose). In Sanskrit recorded only as -nibha in [bahuvrīhi] adjectives; but the existence of the noun in Pali makes Weller's note, 30 f., quite valueless.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nibha (निभ).—mfn.

(-bhaḥ-bhā-bhaṃ) Like, resembling, similar. mn.

(-bhaḥ-bhaṃ) 1. fraud, trick, disguise, pretence. 2. Light, manifestation, appearance. E. ni before, bhā to shine, affix ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nibha (निभ).—[-ni-bha] (vb. bhā), latter part of comp. adj., f. bhā. 1. Like, resembling, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 34. 2. Pleonastically in cāru-nibha-ānana, adj. Handsome-faced, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11789.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nibha (निभ).—[adjective] like, equal to (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nibha (निभ):—[=ni-bha] mf(ā)n. (√bhā) resembling, like, similar (ifc.), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. (sometimes pleonast. after [adjective (cf. [masculine, feminine and neuter; or adjective])] e.g. cāru-nibhānana, ‘handsome-faced’ [Harivaṃśa, or] [compound] with a synonym e.g. naga-nibhopama, ‘mountain-like’ [Mahābhārata]; padma-pattrābha-nibha, ‘like a lotus-leaf’ [ib.])

2) [v.s. ...] m. or n. appearance, pretext (only ifc. [instrumental case] [Daśakumāra-carita]; [ablative] [Kathāsaritsāgara]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nibha (निभ):—[ni-bha] (bhaḥ-bhā-bhaṃ) a. Like, similar. m. Fraud; disguise; light.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nibha (निभ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇiha, Ṇemma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nibha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nibha (ನಿಭ):—[adjective] having almost or excactly the same qualities, characteristics, from, etc.; similar; equal; like.

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Nibha (ನಿಭ):—

1) [noun] a false or deceiving appearance; preense; guise.

2) [noun] a false reason or motive putforth to hide the real one; a pretext.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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