Bandhava, Bamdhava: 18 definitions


Bandhava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bāndhava (बान्धव) refers to “relatives”, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Neither mother, father, brother or relatives (bāndhava) help one as the teacher does. Having understood this, whether he suffers when there is (cause for) suffering or is happy when there is (cause for) happiness, he should not, even unwittingly, assume a position contrary to (the one his) teacher has. Sitting next to him (the disciple) should massage him and the like. He should offer him the bowl with which he begs and flowers constantly”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bandhava in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bāndhava (बान्धव) refers to “family” (i.e., worshipping a deity with the whole family), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.10 (“The burning of the Tripuras”).—Accordingly, as Tārakākṣa said to Śiva: “O sage, at the bidding of Śiva, those Asuras were burnt and reduced to ashes by the fire even as they were muttering thus. [...] Let there be no predicament to any as it happened in regard to the residents of the three cities. This is the opinion of all. By chance if it happens, let it. Those who worshipped Śiva along with their family (sa-bāndhava) attained Gaṇapati’s region, thanks to the worship of Śiva. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Bāndhava (बान्धव) refers to “relations”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “If children, wives, wealth, relations (bāndhavaputrastrīdhanabāndhavāḥ) [and] bodies will inevitably go away, then why is one distressed uselessly for the sake of them?”.

2) Bāndhava (बान्धव) refers to a “brother”, according to the Jñānārṇava.—Accordingly, “That very same doctrine, which is devoted to the helpless, is a preceptor and a friend, and the doctrine is a master and a brother (bāndhava). It is a protector without a motive. This doctrine saves the three worlds [from] sinking into the pit of hell. Also, it confers happiness beyond the senses for corporeal [souls]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bandhava in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bandhava : (m.) kinsman; relative; relation.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bandhava, (cp. Class. Sk. bāndhava) 1. kinsman, member of a clan or family, relative A. III, 44; Sn. 60 (pl. bandhavāni in poetry; cp. Nd2 455); Dh. 288 (pl. bandhavā); J. II, 316; V, 81; DA. I, 243.—2. (-°) one who is connected with or belongs to Sn. 140 (manta°, wellacquainted with Mantras; cp. SnA 192; vedabandhū veda-paṭisaraṇā ti vuttaṃ hoti); J. V, 335 (bodhaneyya°); cp. bandhu 3. (Page 482)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bāndhava (बांधव).—m S A brother or cousin. See bandhu.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bāndhava (बांधव).—m A brother or cousin; see bandhu.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bāndhava (बान्धव).—[bandhu svārthe idamarthe vā'ṇ]

1) A relation, kinsman (in general); बान्धवाः कुलमिच्छन्ति (bāndhavāḥ kulamicchanti) Subhāṣ; यस्यार्थास्तस्य बान्धवाः (yasyārthāstasya bāndhavāḥ) H.1; Manusmṛti 5.74,11;4.179.

2) A maternal relation; Manusmṛti 4.179.

3) A friend; धनेभ्यः परो बान्धवो नास्ति लोके (dhanebhyaḥ paro bāndhavo nāsti loke) Subhāṣ.

4) A brother.

5) Friendly service (bandhukṛtya); पैतृष्वस्रेयप्रीत्यर्थं तद्गोत्रस्यात्तबान्धवः (paitṛṣvasreyaprītyarthaṃ tadgotrasyāttabāndhavaḥ) Bhāgavata 1.19.35.

Derivable forms: bāndhavaḥ (बान्धवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bāndhava (बान्धव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A relation, a kinsman: see bandhu. 2. A friend. E. bandhu a kinsman, aṇ pleonastic aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bāndhava (बान्धव).—i. e. bandhu + a, m. 1. A relation, a kinsman, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 141; [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 71, M. M.; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 179 (a maternal relation, [Kullūka Schol. ed. [Mānavadharmaśāstra]]). 2. A friend, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 72, M. M.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bāndhava (बान्धव).—[masculine] ī [feminine] relation, kinsman or kinswoman ([especially] on the mother’s side), friend.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bāndhava (बान्धव):—m. ([from] bandhu) a kinsman, relation ([especially] maternal r°), friend (ifc. f(ā). ), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) a brother, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bāndhava (बान्धव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. A relation, a friend.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bāndhava (बान्धव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Baṃdhava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bandhava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Baṃdhava (बंधव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bāndhava.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bāṃdhava (ಬಾಂಧವ):—

1) [noun] a man as related to another by blood or marriage.

2) [noun] a friend.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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