Aviddha, aka: Āviddha; 8 Definition(s)


Aviddha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Aviddha in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aviddha (अविद्ध).—The son of Janamejaya; conquered the eastern region.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 120.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1a) Āviddha (आविद्ध) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) , or “movements made with the arms (bāhu)”. It is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 9. These movements form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

1b) Āviddha (आविद्ध, “energetic”) refers to one of the two types of production of a dramatic play (nāṭya), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 34, “Ḍima, Samavakāra, Vyāyoga and Īhāmṛga are known to be plays of the energetic of type by producers. The play which requires energetic (āviddha) type of aṅgahāras to represent cutting, piercing, and fighting, and includes a representation of the use of magic and thaumaturgy as well as artificial objects and costumes, and has among its dramatis personae many males and a small number of females who are of quiet nature, and mostly the Grand and the Energetic Styles applied in its production, is of the energetic type”.

2) Āviddhā (आविद्धा) refers to a one of the thirty-two cārīs, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The Āviddhā-cārī is classified as a ākāśikī, or “aerial”, of which there are sixteen in total. The term cārī  refers to a “dance-step” and refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Āviddhā (आविद्धा).—A type of aerial (ākāśikī) dance-step (cārī);—Instructions: one Kuñcita foot from the Svastika position stretching and falling on the ground quickly as an Añcita foot.

2) Āviddha (आविद्ध).—The play which requires energetic gestures and dance movements (aṅgahāra) to represent, cutting, piercing and challenging, and contains the use of magic and occult powers as well as artificial objects and make-up, and has more men and less women [among its dramatis personae] and applies [in its production] mostly the Grand and the Violent Styles, is of the energetic type (āviddha).

According to the expert producers, plays of the Ḍima, the Samavakāra, the Vyāyoga and the Īhāmṛga clases are known to be of the energetic type.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Aviddha in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āviddha : (pp. of āvijjhati) 1. encircled; went round; whirled round; 2. pierced through.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Āviddha, (pp. of āvijjhati 2, cp. BSk. āviddha in meaning curved, crooked Av. S. I, 87 Lal. V. 207) whirling or spinning round, revolving; swung round, set into whirling motion J. IV, 6 (cakkaṃ = kumbhakāra-cakkam iva bhamati C.); V, 291. What does an-āviddha at PvA. 135 mean? (Page 112)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aviddha (अविद्ध).—a. Unpierced.

-ddhaḥ A Yavana, because his ears are not pierced. (Mar. avindha.) प्रतिबध्नास्यविद्धानाम- ध्वानमकुतोभयः (pratibadhnāsyaviddhānāma- dhvānamakutobhayaḥ) Śiva. B.18.54.

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Āviddha (आविद्ध).—See under आव्यध् (āvyadh).

See also (synonyms): āvidha.

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Āviddha (आविद्ध).—p. p.

1) Pierced, bored, rent, splintered, broken down; उत्पाताविद्धमूर्तिः (utpātāviddhamūrtiḥ) Mv.5.44 rent or contracted; R.12.73.

2) Curved, crooked, uneven; V.4.52; हर्षाविद्धमभ्युत्थितः (harṣāviddhamabhyutthitaḥ) Dk.37.

3) Cast with force; दूरनिक्षेप° (dūranikṣepa°) Māl.8 cast forth in taking long strides; Mv.2; Ms.9.4; thrown, put in motion.

4) Disappointed.

5) Fallacious, false.

6) Stupid, foolish.

7) Thrown, placed closely near one another; स पाण्डुराविद्धविमानमालिनीम् (sa pāṇḍurāviddhavimānamālinīm) Rām.5.2.53.

-ddham A particular manner of fencing; Hariv.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āviddha (आविद्ध).—[, ppp. of ā-vyadh, in Av i.87.5 vihāraḥ… āviddhaprākāratoraṇo, probably (with walls and arched gateways) fastened on, attached, or possibly pierced. Acc. to Speyer curved, crooked; he refers to LV 207.16, but here the word is applied to a potter's wheel and means whirled, set in motion, made to revolve.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āviddha (आविद्ध).—mfn.

(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) 1. Pierced, wounded. 2. Crooked. 3. Cast, thrown, sent. 4. Disappointed. 5. Stupid, foolish. E. āṅ before vyadha to hurt, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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