Asti, aka: Aṣṭi, Ashti; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Asti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Asti or Ashti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Astī (अस्ती).—Daughter of Jarāsandha, King of Magadha. Kaṃsa married Astī and also another daughter of Jarāsandha. (Ślokas 29 to 32, Chapter 14, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata). Chapter 12 of Agni Purāṇa states that Jarāsandha went to war with the Yādavas because of the persuasion of these daughters.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Asti (अस्ति).—Daughter of Jarāsandha and a queen of Kaṃsa. After her husband's death she went to her father's place and reported the circumstances in which her husband was killed.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 50. 1-2; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 22. 1.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Aṣṭi (अष्टि) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing sixteen syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Aṣṭi (अष्टि).—Name of a metre of four feet consisting of 64 syllables in all, 12 syllables in the odd feet and 20 in the even feet; e. g. त्रिकद्रुकेषु महिषः (trikadrukeṣu mahiṣaḥ) etc. R.V. II.22.1.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Aṣṭi (अष्टि) is one of the twenty-six varieties of Sanskrit metres (chandas) mentioned in the Chandaśśāstra 1.15-19. There are 26 Vedic metres starting with 1 to 26 letters in each pāda. It is a common belief that the classical metres are developed from these 26 metres. Generally a metre has a specific name according to it’s number of syllables (akṣara). But sometimes the same stanza is called by the name of another metre from the point of view of the pādas.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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India history and geogprahy

Asti.—(Ep. Ind., Vol XXVIII, p. 302, note 2), a mere particle used to introduce the narration of a grant. Note: asti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Aṣṭi.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘sixteen’. Note: aṣṭi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

astī (अस्ती).—f (Corr. from asthi) A bone.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṣṭi (अष्टि).—f. [asyate bhūmau kṣipyate as-ktin pṛṣo° ṣatvam]

1) A die for playing.

2) A metre consisting of sixty-four syllables.

3) [akṣ-vyāptau-ktin] Pervasion, reaching (Ved.) इन्द्रं शुम्भास्म्यष्टये (indraṃ śumbhāsmyaṣṭaye) Av.6.54.1.

4) The body (the instrument of enjoyment).

5) The number sixteen.

6) Seed.

7) Kernel. कन्दाष्टिभिर्मूलफलैः (kandāṣṭibhirmūlaphalaiḥ) Bhāg.4.28.36.

Derivable forms: aṣṭiḥ (अष्टिः).

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Asti (अस्ति).—ind. [as-śatip]

1) Being, existent, present; as in अस्तिक्षीरा, °कायः (astikṣīrā, °kāyaḥ)

2) Often used at the commencement of a tale or narrative in the sense of 'so it is', 'there', or merely as an expletive; अस्ति सिंहः प्रतिवसति स्म (asti siṃhaḥ prativasati sma) Pt.4; अस्त्यत्र नगरे (astyatra nagare)...त्रयः पुरुषा देवस्य श्रियं न सहन्ते (trayaḥ puruṣā devasya śriyaṃ na sahante) Mu. 1,5; अस्ति पूर्वमहं व्योमचारी विद्याधरोऽभवम् (asti pūrvamahaṃ vyomacārī vidyādharo'bhavam) Ks.22.56,1. 27; अस्ति तत्रभवान् वृषलं याजयिष्यति (asti tatrabhavān vṛṣalaṃ yājayiṣyati) P.III.3.146 is it that &c.

-stiḥ f. Name of a sister of Prāpti, daughter of Jarāsandha and wife of Kaṃsa.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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