Aprameya, Aprameyā: 18 definitions


Aprameya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Aprameyā (अप्रमेया) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first, the fourth, the seventh and tenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru). It is also known by the name Bhujaṅgaprayāta.


Aprameyā falls in the Jagatī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing twelve syllables each.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Aprameyā (अप्रमेया) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Bhujaṅgaprayāta in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Aprameya (अप्रमेय) or Aprameyāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Sahasrāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Aprameya Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Sahasra-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Aprameyā (अप्रमेया) refers to “she who is unknowable” and is used to describe Bhairavī, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “From the root (of all things) Śāmbhavīśakti is Bhairavī the energy that is full (bharitā) (of all the energies). She is supreme, subtle, and gross. Waveless, she is (the energy) beyond mind (manonmanī). She is the Transmental, a certain (indefinable) energy of consciousness which is consciousness without stain (nirañjanā). (Empirically) unknowable (aprameyā) amongst objects of knowledge, she is well known and is the mother of the universe. [...]”.

2) Aprameya (अप्रमेय) refers to the “one who is without measure” and is used to describe Lord Bhairava, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “I salute Lord Bhairava who, in the company of the gods and sages, is one’s own free consciousness. He is the quelling of the fear of fettered existence. The first of the venerable Kulālīkrama, he is eternal, inconceivable and without measure [i.e., nitya-acintya-aprameya]. He is universal bliss. Eternal and (only) attainable by Yoga he delights in the sequence of Ha and Sa (of the two breaths). His sole condition that of the cause unconditioned by (its) effect, his glorious power is extensive”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Fragment of the Vajrāmṛtamahātantra

Aprameyā (अप्रमेया) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrī-amṛtakuṇḍalin-utpatti’ chapter of the 9th-century Vajrāmṛtatantra or Vajrāmṛtamahātantra: one of the main and earliest Buddhist Yoginītantras. Chapter 9 begins with the visualisation of Amṛtakuṇḍalin [...] The practitioner should visualize a sword in his hand; afterwards, he should visualize the eight Wisdoms [viz., Aprameyā] along with the door-guardians; eventually he should project the eight Wisdoms into the petals.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apramēya (अप्रमेय).—a S Immeasurable, illimitable, indeterminable.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apramēya (अप्रमेय).—a Immeasurable, illimitable, indeterminable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय).—a.

1) Immeasurable, unbounded, boundless; °महिमा (mahimā); येषां वेद इवाप्रमेयमहिमा धर्मे वसिष्ठो गुरुः (yeṣāṃ veda ivāprameyamahimā dharme vasiṣṭho guruḥ) Mv.4.3.

2) That which cannot be properly ascertained, understood &c.; inscrutable, unfathomable (of person or thing); अचिन्त्यस्याप्रमेयस्य कार्यतत्त्वार्थवित्प्रभुः (acintyasyāprameyasya kāryatattvārthavitprabhuḥ) Ms.1.3;12.94.

3) Not to be proved or demonstrated (as Brahman).

-yam Brahman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय).—(Sanskrit as adj.), (1) m. unmeasurable thing (there are five such, all cpds. of -dhātu): Bodhisattvabhūmi 294.21 ff.; 296.9 ff.; (2) nt., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 8042; Sukhāvatīvyūha 31.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Unbounded, immeasurable. E. a neg. prameya measurable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय).—[adjective] immeasurable, infinite.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aprameya (अप्रमेय):—[=a-prameya] [from a-pramā] mfn. immeasurable, unlimited, unfathomable, [Manu-smṛti i, 3 and xii, 94, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] not to be proved.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-yaḥ-yā-yam) 1) Immeasurable, unbounded, infinite; e. g. in the Lalitav.: (bodhisattvaḥ) vyavalokayata pūrvadakṣiṇapaścimottarāsvadha ūrdhvaṃ samantāddaśadikṣvaprameyāsaṃkhyeyāgaṇanāsamatikrāntānbodhisattvān; comp. also aprameyānubhāva.

2) Not to be established or proved from authorities (philosophical writings &c.), unproveable, as Brahman; e. g. in Manu: tvameko hyasya sarvasya vidhānasya svayaṃbhuvaḥ . acintyasyāprameyasya kāryatattvārthavitprabho (Kullūka: aprameyasya mīmāṃsādinyāyanirapekṣatayānavagamyamānaprameyasya); or as Viṣṇu; e. g. in the Bhāgav. Pur.: avyaktasyāprameyasya nānāśaktyudayasya ca . na vai cikīrṣitaṃ tāta ko vedāddhā svasaṃbhavam (Śrīdharasv.: avyaktasyāta evāprameyasya); or as the Veda; e. g. in Manu: aśakyaṃ cāprameyaṃ ca vedaśāstram (Kullūka as before). 2. m.

(-yaḥ) 1) A name or epithet of Viṣṇu; e. g. in the Viṣṇusahasran.: aprameyo hṛṣīkeśaḥ padmanābhomaraprabhuḥ.

2) A name or epithet of Śiva; e. g. in the Śivasahasran.: atarkyāyāprameyāya pramāṇāya namo namaḥ; or in the Vāyu Pur.: namaḥ kapālahastāya…aprameyāya &c. E. a neg. and prameya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय):—[a-prameya] (yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a. Unmeasurable, illimitable.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aprameya (अप्रमेय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Appameya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aprameya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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