Aprameya, Aprameyā: 23 definitions


Aprameya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Aprameyā (अप्रमेया) refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first, the fourth, the seventh and tenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are light (laghu), while the rest of the syllables are heavy (guru). It is also known by the name Bhujaṅgaprayāta.


Aprameyā falls in the Jagatī class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing twelve syllables each.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Aprameyā (अप्रमेया) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Bhujaṅgaprayāta in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Aprameya (अप्रमेय) or Aprameyāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Sahasrāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Aprameya Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Sahasra-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Aprameya (अप्रमेय) refers to “imperceptible (guṇas)”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 22.5-10ab]—“Listen! I will speak to the question that remains in your heart. All the innumerable Mantras, on all occasions, have the majesty of Śiva and Śakti, all are endowed with Śakti, all grant rewards and liberation, and [all] are nourished by one’s own Śakti. However, the highest Deva is tranquil, in possession of imperceptible Guṇas (aprameya-guṇānvita), [namely] Śiva who consists of all, who is pure, and who is to be understood as unsurpassed. [...]

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Aprameyā (अप्रमेया) refers to “she who is unknowable” and is used to describe Bhairavī, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “From the root (of all things) Śāmbhavīśakti is Bhairavī the energy that is full (bharitā) (of all the energies). She is supreme, subtle, and gross. Waveless, she is (the energy) beyond mind (manonmanī). She is the Transmental, a certain (indefinable) energy of consciousness which is consciousness without stain (nirañjanā). (Empirically) unknowable (aprameyā) amongst objects of knowledge, she is well known and is the mother of the universe. [...]”.

2) Aprameya (अप्रमेय) refers to the “one who is without measure” and is used to describe Lord Bhairava, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “I salute Lord Bhairava who, in the company of the gods and sages, is one’s own free consciousness. He is the quelling of the fear of fettered existence. The first of the venerable Kulālīkrama, he is eternal, inconceivable and without measure [i.e., nitya-acintya-aprameya]. He is universal bliss. Eternal and (only) attainable by Yoga he delights in the sequence of Ha and Sa (of the two breaths). His sole condition that of the cause unconditioned by (its) effect, his glorious power is extensive”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Aprameya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aprameya (अप्रमेय) refers to an “incomprehensible (splendour)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.43 (“Description of Śiva’s wonderful sport”).—Accordingly, after Śiva spoke to Viṣṇu and Brahmā: “[...]  In the meantime lord Viṣṇu came that way. He looked glorious and splendid, dark-blue like the fresh cloud and having four arms. He had the handsome features of numberless cupids. He wore yellow garments. He was the king of heaven with eyes resembling the petals of a lotus, and looked very calm. He had Garuḍa as his vehicle. He possessed all the characteristic signs conch etc. He was bedecked in crown and other ornaments. He wore Śrīvatsa on his chest. He had an uncommon splendour that was incomprehensible (aprameya). [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Aprameya (अप्रमेय) is the name of a deity associated with the fifth court (āvaraṇa) of the temple, as discussed in the ninth chapter of the Īśvarasaṃhitā (printed edition), a Pāñcarātra work in 8200 verses and 24 chapters dealing with topics such as routines of temple worship, major and minor festivals, temple-building and initiation.—Description of the chapter [dvārāvaraṇa-devatālakṣaṇa-ādi-vidhi]: This chapter concerns the daily ritual obligations owed to the deities whose abodes are fixed in the temple doorways—[...] In the fifth āvaraṇa are the eight deities: Lohitākṣa, Mahāvīrya, Aprameya, Suśobhana, Vīrahā, Vikrama, Bhīma and Śatāvarta (139-153); the entrance to this round is guarded by Vajranābha, Harīśa, Dharmādhyakṣa and Niyantrīśa, Vāsunātha and Sudhānanda (154-168).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Fragment of the Vajrāmṛtamahātantra

Aprameyā (अप्रमेया) refers to one of the eight wisdoms (vidyās) described in the ‘śrī-amṛtakuṇḍalin-utpatti’ chapter of the 9th-century Vajrāmṛtatantra or Vajrāmṛtamahātantra: one of the main and earliest Buddhist Yoginītantras. Chapter 9 begins with the visualisation of Amṛtakuṇḍalin [...] The practitioner should visualize a sword in his hand; afterwards, he should visualize the eight Wisdoms [viz., Aprameyā] along with the door-guardians; eventually he should project the eight Wisdoms into the petals.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Aprameya (अप्रमेय) refers to “innumerable (lifetimes)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 19).—Accordingly, “[...] This pure generosity extends over innumerable lifetimes (aprameya-janman); it does not disappear from lifetime to lifetime; it is like a contract that never expires. This generosity bears its fruit [when it meets] the complex of conditions (pratyayasāmagrī) and favorable time (kāla); it is like the tree (vṛkṣa) that, in season, produces leaves (parṇa), flowers (puṣpa) and fruit (phala); even though the season has not come, the cause (hetu) remains, but there is no fruit”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Aprameya (अप्रमेय) refers to “immeasurable (merits)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[The flowers] were adorned with their own splendor, produced by immeasurable merits (aprameya-puṇya), and known by Bodhisattvas of the ten directions. The great three-thousand thousands of worlds were covered with those flowers, and all congregations of the Lord were filled with flowers (puṣpa) up to their knees (jānumātra). Then the whole assembly, having seen the flowers which have never seen or heard before, addressed themselves to the Lord: ‘O Lord, where are such beautiful flowers coming from?’.”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apramēya (अप्रमेय).—a S Immeasurable, illimitable, indeterminable.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apramēya (अप्रमेय).—a Immeasurable, illimitable, indeterminable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय).—a.

1) Immeasurable, unbounded, boundless; °महिमा (mahimā); येषां वेद इवाप्रमेयमहिमा धर्मे वसिष्ठो गुरुः (yeṣāṃ veda ivāprameyamahimā dharme vasiṣṭho guruḥ) Mv.4.3.

2) That which cannot be properly ascertained, understood &c.; inscrutable, unfathomable (of person or thing); अचिन्त्यस्याप्रमेयस्य कार्यतत्त्वार्थवित्प्रभुः (acintyasyāprameyasya kāryatattvārthavitprabhuḥ) Manusmṛti 1.3;12.94.

3) Not to be proved or demonstrated (as Brahman).

-yam Brahman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय).—(Sanskrit as adj.), (1) m. unmeasurable thing (there are five such, all cpds. of -dhātu): Bodhisattvabhūmi 294.21 ff.; 296.9 ff.; (2) nt., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 8042; Sukhāvatīvyūha 31.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Unbounded, immeasurable. E. a neg. prameya measurable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय).—[adjective] immeasurable, infinite.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aprameya (अप्रमेय):—[=a-prameya] [from a-pramā] mfn. immeasurable, unlimited, unfathomable, [Manu-smṛti i, 3 and xii, 94, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] not to be proved.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय):—[tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-yaḥ-yā-yam) 1) Immeasurable, unbounded, infinite; e. g. in the Lalitav.: (bodhisattvaḥ) vyavalokayata pūrvadakṣiṇapaścimottarāsvadha ūrdhvaṃ samantāddaśadikṣvaprameyāsaṃkhyeyāgaṇanāsamatikrāntānbodhisattvān; comp. also aprameyānubhāva.

2) Not to be established or proved from authorities (philosophical writings &c.), unproveable, as Brahman; e. g. in Manu: tvameko hyasya sarvasya vidhānasya svayaṃbhuvaḥ . acintyasyāprameyasya kāryatattvārthavitprabho (Kullūka: aprameyasya mīmāṃsādinyāyanirapekṣatayānavagamyamānaprameyasya); or as Viṣṇu; e. g. in the Bhāgav. Pur.: avyaktasyāprameyasya nānāśaktyudayasya ca . na vai cikīrṣitaṃ tāta ko vedāddhā svasaṃbhavam (Śrīdharasv.: avyaktasyāta evāprameyasya); or as the Veda; e. g. in Manu: aśakyaṃ cāprameyaṃ ca vedaśāstram (Kullūka as before). 2. m.

(-yaḥ) 1) A name or epithet of Viṣṇu; e. g. in the Viṣṇusahasran.: aprameyo hṛṣīkeśaḥ padmanābhomaraprabhuḥ.

2) A name or epithet of Śiva; e. g. in the Śivasahasran.: atarkyāyāprameyāya pramāṇāya namo namaḥ; or in the Vāyu Pur.: namaḥ kapālahastāya…aprameyāya &c. E. a neg. and prameya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aprameya (अप्रमेय):—[a-prameya] (yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a. Unmeasurable, illimitable.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aprameya (अप्रमेय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Appameya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aprameya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Apramēya (ಅಪ್ರಮೇಯ):—[adjective] that is not measurable; that is beyond estimation.

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Apramēya (ಅಪ್ರಮೇಯ):—

1) [noun] the Supreme, who is beyond human imagination, reasoning or capacity to comprehend; the Infinite.

2) [noun] a rāga (a musical mode), derived from Mēcakalyāṇi in Karnāṭaka system.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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