Apakranta, Apakrānta, Apakramta: 8 definitions


Apakranta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Apakrānta (अपक्रान्त).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. The instructions for this apakrānta-karaṇa is as follows, “after making the Valita thigh, Apakrāntā Cāri is to be performed, the two hands to be moved in harmony with the performance.”.

A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

2) Apakrāntā (अपक्रान्ता) refers to a one of the thirty-two cārīs, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The Apakrāntā-cārī is classified as a ākāśikī, or “aerial”, of which there are sixteen in total. The term cārī  refers to a “dance-step” and refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Apakrāntā (अपक्रान्ता).—A type of aerial (ākāśikī) dance-step (cārī);—Instructions: the Valana posture of the two thighs, a Kuñcita foot raised and thrown down sideways.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apakranta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apakrānta (अपक्रांत).—a S Passed off or away.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apakrānta (अपक्रांत).—a Passed off or away.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apakranta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Apakrānta (अपक्रान्त).—[, text in Divyāvadāna 272.16, 21, according to Index abused. But read (tathā) pra° with all mss. in 16 and one in 21: treated, behaved towards.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apakrānta (अपक्रान्त):—[=apa-krānta] [from apa-kram] mfn. gone away

2) [from apa-krānta > apa-kram] abused (?), [Divyāvadāna]

3) [v.s. ...] [from apa-kram] n. (= atītam) that which is past, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Apakrānta (अपक्रान्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Avakkaṃta.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apakranta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Apakrāṃta (ಅಪಕ್ರಾಂತ):—

1) [noun] a going backward; withdrawal.

2) [noun] one who has withdrawn himself or run away.

3) [noun] (dance) the act of going backwards (without turning the face away).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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