Angirasa, aka: Aṅgīrasa, Aṅgirasā, Aṅgirasa, Āṅgirasa, Āṅgīrasa, Aṅgirāsa; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Angirasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[Angirasa in Jyotisha glossaries]

Āṅgīrasa (आङ्गीरस) refers to the sixth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘angirasa’ is endowed with beauty, is happy, has all the objects of enjoyment, self-pride, is sweet- spoken and blessed with many sons, keeps his thoughts (plans) secret in a proper way and is long-lived.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year angirasa (1992-1993 AD) will be rich, sagacious, experienced and ever compassionate.

(Source): The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Aṅgirāsa (अङ्गिरास) refers to one of the 18 names of Jupiter (Bṛhaspati) according to the Bṛhaspati-kavaca-mantra from the Brahmayāmalatantra. In jyotiṣa there is a saying that when Jupiter protects there is none that can destroy. The eighteen names of Jupiter (viz., Aṅgirāsa) relate to eighteen body parts starting from the top of head (śiras). One method uses this formula: Each name associates with two drekkāṇa reckoned from lagna in the horoscope.

(Source): Pt. Sanjay Rath: Bṛhaspati Kavacha Mantra
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana

[Angirasa in Purana glossaries]

1a) Aṅgirasa (अङ्गिरस).—A son of Āgneyi and Ūru (Kuru, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 43; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 6.

1b) The fourth part of atharva veda.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 14.

1c) The name of a devagaṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 50.

1d) The thirty-three sages, all mantrakṛts.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 102.

2) Aṅgirasā (अङ्गिरसा).—Born of Rathītara's wife and Aṅgiras. Hence Kṣatriya-cu-Brāhmaṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 3.

3a) Āṅgirasa (आङ्गिरस).—A teacher of Atharva Veda. (āṅgirasa kalpa Burnouf).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 4.

3b) A sacrifice performed by Brāhmaṇas near Brindāvana.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 23. 3.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Angirasa in Hinduism glossaries]

Angirasa is one of the seven sages, the Sapta-Rishis. His wife is Suroopa and his sons are Uthathya, Samvarthana and Brihaspati. He is a Manasaputra (wish-born-son) of Lord Brahma.

Other accounts say that he married Suadha, the daughter of Daksha. Angirasa is said to have composed the very first verse of the Rig Veda, the hymn to Agni.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

The Samūrtārcanādhikaraṇa (of atri), names aṅgirasa as a vaikhānasa seer and attributes to him seven works, most of which are associated with marīci in other such lists:

  1. ananta saṃhitā,
  2. parasaṃhitā,
  3. jnāna saṃhitā,
  4. jaya saṃhitā,
  5. vīra saṃhitā,
  6. satyasaṃhitā,
  7. jnānasaṃhitā.
(Source): Sri Kamakoti Mandali: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Angirasa in Theravada glossaries]

1. Angirasa (Angirasa) - A name applied to the Buddha several times in the Pitakas. (E.g., Vin.i.25; D.iii.196; S.i.196; A.iii.239; Thag.v.536; J.i.116). In the Commentaries three etymologies are given: Buddhaghosa says that it means emitting rays of various hues from the body, and that the word is therefore applicable to all Buddhas alike (DA.iii.963). Dhammapala adds that it signifies being possessed of attainments such as virtue, and also that according to some, Angirasa was a personal name given by the Buddhas father in addition to Siddhatha (ThagA.i.503. It is worth noting that in AA.i.381 Siddhattha is referred to as Angirasa Kumara.)

It is, however, well known that, according to Vedic tradition, the Gautamas belong to the Angirasa tribe (see Vedic Index: Gotama); the word, as applied to the Buddha, therefore, is probably a patronymic, in which case we have another example of a Ksatriya tribe laying claim to a brahmin gotra. See Thomas: Life and Legend of the Buddha, p.22-3.

2. Angirasa - Another name (Angirasa gahapati) for Asayha. Pv.p.25, vv.23 and 27 ff.; also PvA.124.

3. Angirasa - One of the ten ancient seers who conducted great sacrifices and were versed in Vedic lore. The others being Atthaka, Vamaka, Vamadeva, Vessamitta, Yamataggi, Bharadvaja, Vasettha, Kassapa and Bhagu. The list occurs in several places, e.g. Vin.i.245; A.iii.224; M.ii.169, 200.

The same ten are also mentioned as being composers and reciters of the Vedas. D.i.238.

4. Angirasa - A celebrated physician (Mil.272). Rhys Davids suggests that the connection of the name Angirasa with the physician is due to the charms against disease to be found in the Atharva Veda. Mil. trans. ii.109, n. 3.

5. Angirasa - A king, mentioned among the descendants of Mahasammata. Mhv.ii.4; and Dpv.iii.6.

6. Angirasa - An ascetic. The name occurs in a list of eleven ascetics who, because of their holy lives, passed the Peta world and were born in Brahmas heaven (J.vi.99; J.v.267). For the others see Akitti.

7. Angirasa - An ascetic, Angirasa Gotama, who was killed by the thousand armed Ajjuna. The ascetic disturbed the animals when Ajjuna was waiting to hunt, and the king, in anger, shot at him with a poisoned arrow (J.v.135, 144 and 145; DA.i.266). This Angirasa is probably to be identified with one of the foregoing.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Angirasa in Pali glossaries]

aṅgīrasa : (m.) the resplendent one; the Buddha.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Angirasa in Sanskrit glossaries]

Aṅgirasa (अङ्गिरस).—An enemy of Viṣṇu in his incarnation of Paraśurāma.

Derivable forms: aṅgirasaḥ (अङ्गिरसः).

--- OR ---

Āṅgirasa (आङ्गिरस).—a. (- f.) Descended from or referring to Aṅgiras.

-saḥ 1 Name of Bṛhaspati, son of Aṅgiras; अध्यापयामास पितॄन् शिशुराङ्गिरसः कविः (adhyāpayāmāsa pitṝn śiśurāṅgirasaḥ kaviḥ) Ms.2.151. तं भासुरं चाङ्गिरसाधिदेवं यथावदानर्च तदायुषे सः (taṃ bhāsuraṃ cāṅgirasādhidevaṃ yathāvadānarca tadāyuṣe saḥ) Bu. Ch.2.36.

2) Descendants of Aṅgiras (pl.).

3) A particular Sūkta or hymn in the Atharvaveda

4) the soul; अधमास्येऽन्तरिति सोऽयास्य आङ्गिरसोऽङ्गानां हि रसः (adhamāsye'ntariti so'yāsya āṅgiraso'ṅgānāṃ hi rasaḥ) Bṛ. Up.1.3.8.

5) A Kṣatriya by will of Brahmā and by profession.

6) Name of a particular year. cf. आङ्गीरसस्त्वब्दभेदे मुनिभेदे तदीरितम् (āṅgīrasastvabdabhede munibhede tadīritam) | Nm.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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