Andaja, Aṇḍaja, Anda-ja, Āṇḍaja, Amdaja: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Andaja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज)—One of the four Classification of Animals (paśu), according to the Vāyu Purāṇa (23.101)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज, “born from the eggs”):—One of the four classes of Jīva (‘living beings’). They are endowed with the fruits of their past Karmas, wether auspicious or inauspicious. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 3.13.25 (chapter on the Devī-yajña).

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज) refers to “(the creatures) born of eggs”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Then (after that comes the fourth sacred seat [i.e., Kāmarūpa] which) is in the locus of the heart and is surrounded by eight energies, namely Mohā, Āvṛtā, Prakāśyā, Kiraṇā, Rāgavatī, Hṛṣṭā, Puṣṭī, and Krodhā. [...] The venerable Kāmānanda is the emperor in the middle of the Wheel; sustained by the venerable Kāmavatī (the energy of passion) as (his) lordship, in the midst of all the troupes of Yoginīs, (he) generates light with a yellow and red lustre like that of (a freshly) cut sapphire. (The seat) is surrounded by the tree, creeper, monastery, gesture and cave. One should know (this), the fourth sacred seat, as emanation by means of the (energy of the deity that) emanates in many ways (the creatures) born of eggs [i.e., aṇḍaja], sweat, seeds and wombs. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Sāṃkhya philosophy

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज) refers to “born from an egg”, eg. oviparous beings such as birds, and represents a division of human creation (mānuṣasarga or mānuṣyasarga) according to the Sāṃkhyakārikā. The mānuṣasarga is one of the three types of elemental creation, also known as bhautikasarga.

The Sāṃkhyakārikā by Iśvarakṛṣṇa is the earliest extant text of the Sāṃkhya school of philosophy and dates from the 4th century CE. It contains 72 Sanskrit verses and contents include epistemology and the theory of causation.

Samkhya book cover
context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज):—Living beings originated from eggs

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज) refers to “birds”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The years of Jupiter (bṛhaspati) take their names from the several Nakṣatras in which he reappears after his conjunction with the Sun; and these names are identical with the names of the lunar months. [...] In the Mārgaśīrṣa year of Jupiter, there will be drought and crops will be injuired by animals, by rats, by grass hoppers and by birds [i.e., aṇḍaja]; there will be disease in the land and rulers will be at strife even with their friends”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज) refers to “that which is egg-born”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān teaches an offering manual]: “[...] All crops, all flowers and fruits will be well protected. [...] Until the stake is driven out all kinds of pests, produced from moist heat, self-produced and egg-born (aṇḍaja), arisen from rocks or flowers, do not prevail. Harm of various sorts caused by Nāgas will not be victorious again. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज) refers to “egg-born (fish)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ an offering of eatables all combined, full of food to be enjoyed, Provided with drink to be enjoyed, an acceptable offering from her, Five kinds of virtuous conduct, completely full of egg-born fish (matsya-aṇḍaja-samanvita), Of one mind with the Nirvikalpa, eat and enjoy Hūṃ”.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज) refers to “egg-born”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly [while describing the wind-circle (vāyu-cakra)]: “[...] [Every Yoginī who] dwells in the chandoha (“milking together”) [holy sites], is excellent, should be known to be [of] the Hard-to-Conquer Level, and are approved to live in the fourth continent. This layer (the second layer) consists of the egg-born (aṇḍaja). [It is] triple, divided by quality. Consisting of three [circles], the third layer is formed by the moisture-born The fourth layer, called ‘womb-born,’ is understood to comprise three [circles]. The Wind Circle, the second, is thus [taught]. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज, “egg-born”) refers to one of the “four wombs” (yoni) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 90). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., aṇḍaja). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज) refers to “living beings born with egg” and represents a category of beings born by way of garbha (uterus or womb), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.31. Garbha represents one of the three types of birth (janman, method of getting born). What is the meaning ‘born out of an egg’ (aṇḍaja)? The living beings born out of an egg (hard shell broken at the time of birth) coming out from a uterus are called aṇḍaja.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

aṇḍaja : (adj.) oviparous; born of an egg. (m.), a bird; a serpent.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aṇḍaja refers to: 1. born from eggs S.III, 241 (of snakes); M.I, 73; J.II, 53 =.V, 85; Miln.267. — 2. a bird J..V, 189.

Note: aṇḍaja is a Pali compound consisting of the words aṇḍa and ja.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṇḍaja (अंडज).—a (S) Produced from an egg, oviparous.

--- OR ---

andājā (अंदाजा).—m ( P) Proportion or ratio. 2 A certain quantity; a settled allowance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṇḍaja (अंडज).—a Oviparous, produced from an egg.

--- OR ---

andājā (अंदाजा).—m Ratio, a certain proportion. A settled allowance. andāja m Estimate.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज).—a.. [अण्डात जायते (aṇḍāta jāyate); जन्-ड (jan-ḍa) born from an egg. रोमजं वालजं चर्म व्याघ्नजं चाण्डजं बहु (romajaṃ vālajaṃ carma vyāghnajaṃ cāṇḍajaṃ bahu) Rām.6.75.12. (-jaḥ) 1 a bird, oviparous being; मूकाण्डजम् (mūkāṇḍajam) (kānanam) Ku. 3.42.

2) a fish.

3) a snake.

4) a lizard.

5) Brahmā.

- musk.

Aṇḍaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aṇḍa and ja (ज).

--- OR ---

Āṇḍaja (आण्डज).—a. born from eggs.

-jaḥ a bird or a serpent.

-jam the body of a bird; आण्डजं जीवजमुद्भिज्जम् (āṇḍajaṃ jīvajamudbhijjam) Ch. Up.6.3.1.

Āṇḍaja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms āṇḍa and ja (ज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज).—mfn.

(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) Oviparous. m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A serpent. 2. A fish 3. A bird. 4. A lizard. f. ( Musk. E. aṇḍa and egg, &c. and ja what is born, from jana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज).—[aṇḍa-ja]. I. adj. Oviparous, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 44. Ii. m. 1. A bird. 2. A fish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज).—[adjective] egg-born; [masculine] bird.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṇḍaja (अण्डज):—[=aṇḍa-ja] [from aṇḍa] mfn. egg-born

2) [v.s. ...] m. a bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a fish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a snake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a lizard, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Aṇḍajā (अण्डजा):—[=aṇḍa-jā] [from aṇḍa-ja > aṇḍa] f. musk.

7) Āṇḍaja (आण्डज):—[=āṇḍa-ja] [from āṇḍa] mfn. (āṇḍa-) born from an egg, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Aitareya-upaniṣad]

8) [v.s. ...] m. a bird, [Suparṇādhyāya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज):—[tatpurusha compound] I. m. f. n.

(-jaḥ-jā-jam) Oviparous. Ii. m.

(-jaḥ) 1) A bird.

2) A fish.

3) A serpent.

4) A lizard. Iii. f.

(-jā) Musk. E. aṇḍa and ja.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज):—[aṇḍa-ja] (ja-jā-jaṃ) a. Oviparous.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aṇḍaja (अण्डज) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aṃḍaga, Aṃḍaya, Aṃḍāuya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Andaja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃḍaja (ಅಂಡಜ):—

1) [noun] any animal hatched out from an egg, like birds, serpents, fish, lizard, etc.

2) [noun] Brahma, the creator of the world.

--- OR ---

Aṃḍaja (ಅಂಡಜ):—[adjective] being hatched out from an egg; oviparous.

--- OR ---

Aṃdāja (ಅಂದಾಜ):—[noun] = ಅಂದಾಜು [amdaju].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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