Abhipraya, Abhiprāya: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Abhipraya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Abhipray.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय, “confidence”) refers to one of the thirty-six “characteristic features” (lakṣaṇa) of perfect ‘poetic compositions’ (kāvyabandha) and ‘dramatic compositions’ (dṛśyakāvya, or simply kāvya). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17, these thirty-six lakṣaṇas act as instructions for composing playwrights. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय, “fancy”).—One of the thirty-six lakṣaṇa, or “excellent points of a dramatic composition”;—Description of abhiprāya: When an idea interesting to people but hitherto non-existent, is conceived on the basis of similarity of two objects, it is an instance of Fancy (abhiprāya, lit. “belief”)

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय).—(अभिप्रायसंधि (abhiprāyasaṃdhi)) a kind of euphonic combination where the nasal letter न् (n) is dropped and the preceding vowel (अ) is nasalised e. g, दधन्याँ यः । स्ववाँ यातु (dadhanyāṃ yaḥ | svavāṃ yātu) :

2) Abhiprāya.—View, purpose, intention; cf. तद् व्यक्तमाचार्यस्याभिप्रायो गम्येत, इदं न भवतीति (tad vyaktamācāryasyābhiprāyo gamyeta, idaṃ na bhavatīti); M. Bh. on I.1.27; cf. also स्वरितञितः कर्त्रभिप्राये क्रियाफले (svaritañitaḥ kartrabhiprāye kriyāphale) P.1.3.72.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Abhipraya in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय) refers to “aspirations”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said to the Bodhisattva Maitreya: “O Maitreya, I entrust you with this [teaching of] incomparable complete awakening, which has been established for countless hundreds of millions of aeons, in order that it will be memorized, understood, read, and elucidated in detail to others, in order to give thanks and gratitude to the Tathāgata, fulfill my aspirations (abhiprāya), increase and purify many beings’ roots of good, make the Bodhisattvas attain the light of the dharma, subjugate all Māras, defeat all heretics, uphold the dharma of the highest meaning, and in order not to break the lineage of the three jewels”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhipraya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhiprāya (अभिप्राय).—m (S) in poetry abhiprāva m Meaning, intent, aim, purpose. 2 Import, signification, meaning. 3 In popular license. An official report. Ex. māmalatadārācā a0 pāhavā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhiprāya (अभिप्राय).—m Aim, purpose, intention, wish, desire. Meaning, sense, import, signi- fication. Opinion, view; instruction, advice. Sometimes, an official report, as māmalatadārācā abhiprāya.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhipraya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय).—a. [i-ac] Going near, approaching; aiming at, intending, meaning, accruing to; स्वरितञितः कर्त्रभिप्राये क्रियाफले (svaritañitaḥ kartrabhiprāye kriyāphale) P.I.3.72.

-yaḥ 1 Aim, purpose, object, intention, wish, desire; अभिप्राया न सिद्धयन्ति तेनेदं वर्तते जगत् (abhiprāyā na siddhayanti tenedaṃ vartate jagat) Pt.1.158; साभिप्रायाणि वचांसि (sābhiprāyāṇi vacāṃsi) Pt.2 earnest words; भावः कवेरभिप्रायः (bhāvaḥ kaverabhiprāyaḥ).

2) Meaning, sense, import, implied sense of a word, passage &c.; तेषामयमभिप्रायः (teṣāmayamabhiprāyaḥ) such is the meaning intended, import (of the passage &c.).

3) Opinion, belief. तेषां स्वं स्वमभिप्रायमुपलभ्य पृथक् पृथक् (teṣāṃ svaṃ svamabhiprāyamupalabhya pṛthak pṛthak) Ms.7.57.

4) Relation, reference.

5) Name of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय).—m., difference: Divyāvadāna 222.20 (na…) kaścid viśeṣo vā 'bhiprāyo vā nānākaraṇaṃ vā. Based on use of Pali adhippāya (= Sanskrit abhiprāya) intention, but also difference; on the latter meaning see Critical Pali Dictionary s.v. The old Buddhist word adhippāya was Sktized, keeping this new meaning in addition to its normal Sanskrit meaning Compare with Divyāvadāna passage the Pali, ko viseso ko adhippāyo kiṃ nānākaraṇaṃ Majjhimanikāya (Pali) i.64.23—24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Meaning, intention, wish, purpose. 2. Meaning, a sentence, sense. 3. The main purport of a book. E. abhi, and priñ to satisfy, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय).—i. e. abhi-pra-i + a, m. 1. Intention, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 366; wish, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 28, 31. 2. Opinion, [Pañcatantra] 150, 25. 3. Consideration, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 204, 13 sqq. Samaṣṭi-abhiprāyeṇa, when taken collectively.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय).—[masculine] intention, purpose, goal, object, wish, opinion, meaning; the conception (of a thing) as (—°).

--- OR ---

Abhiprayā (अभिप्रया).—approach ([accusative]), set out, leave for ([accusative]), attack, assail.

Abhiprayā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms abhipra and (या).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhiprayā (अभिप्रया):—[=abhi-pra-√yā] (Imper. 2. [plural] -yāthana) to come towards, approach, [Ṛg-veda viii, 27, 6];

—to set out, march off, go to battle, [Mahābhārata etc.]

2) Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय):—[=abhi-prāya] a See abhi-pre.

3) [=abhi-prāya] [from abhi-pre] b m. aim, [Pāṇini 1-3, 72]

4) [v.s. ...] purpose, intention, wish, [Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] opinion, [Manu-smṛti vii, 57, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] meaning, sense (as of a word or of a passage).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-yaḥ) 1) Intention, purpose, design; e. g. Rāmāy.: nābhiprāyamabhijñāya mamaivaṃ vaktumarhasi; or Nyāya S.: aviśeṣābhihiterthe vakturabhiprāyādarthāntarakalpanā vākchalam; or Vijnānabh.: yacchāstreṣu śarīradvayameva śrūyate talliṅgaśarīrādhiṣṭhānaśarīrayoranyonyaniyatatvena sūkṣmatvena caikatābhiprāyāditi ‘because their oneness is meant to be conveyed by &c.’; or Daṇḍin (as quoted by Jayam.): taṃ bhāvikamiti prāhuḥ prabandhaviṣayaṃ guṇam . bhāvaḥ kaverabhiprāyaḥ kāvyeṣvāsīdvyavasthitaḥ; or Bhaṭṭik.: yadyakalpsyadabhiprāyo yoddhuṃ rakṣaḥpateḥ svayam &c.

2) ‘Goal’: a name or epithet of Viṣṇu; the 871st of his thousand names in the Anuśāsanap. of the Mahābh.; because he is the goal of the world which is finally merged in him: Mahābh.: abhiprāyo priyārhorhaḥ &c. (Gaṅgādhara: puruṣārthecchubhirnityamabhipreyata ityasau . ābhimukhyenātra jagatpraiti kāletha līyate).

3) Opinion, belief, meaning; e. g. Sāhityad.: kecittu karmaṇi kuśala iti rūḍhāvudāharanti . teṣāmayamabhiprāyaḥ . kuśaṃ lāti . iti vyutpattilabhyaḥ kuśagrāhirūpo mukhyo rthaḥ…dakṣarūpamarthaṃ bodhayati; or Bharatas. on the Bhaṭṭik.: bhṛṅgaḥ…tāṃ dadaṃśa . yataḥ karaṃ dṛṣṭvā raktapadmamityabhisaṃdhirabhiprāyo yasya &c.; or Manu: teṣāṃ svaṃ svamabhiprāyamupalabhya pṛthakpṛthak . samastānāṃ ca kāryeṣu vidadhyāddhitamātmanaḥ.

4) Motive, reason, consideration; e. g. Jaiminīyanyāyam.: pūjyānāṃ pratyakṣanāmagrahaṇamayuktamityabhiprāyeṇa (from this reason) hūtaśabdasthāne hotṛśabdaḥ paṭhyate; or Jayam. on the Bhaṭṭik. (abodhi duḥsthaṃ trailokyam): trailokyaṃ nihanmi yasmiṃhanyamānepi sītādruhopi naśyanti . ityabhiprāyeṇa (from this reason) duḥsthamabodhi; or Ved. Sāra: idamajñānaṃ samaṣṭivyaṣṭyabhiprāyeṇa (through the consideration of its being taken collectively or separately) ekamanekamiti ca vyavahriyate . tathā hi yathā vṛkṣāṇāṃ samaṣṭyabhiprāyeṇa vanamityekatvavyapadeśaḥ &c.

5) Implied sense, bearing of a word, of a sentence &c. (used in the same way as bhāva, and in distinction from artha, the obvious or literal sense of a word &c.); e. g. Dāyabh.: viṣṇuvacane ca bandhupadaṃ mātulādyābhiprāyam; or Sāyaṇa (in the comm. on the Ṛgv.): gāmaśvamitijātyabhiprāyamekavacanam; or Bharatas. on the Bhaṭṭik. (1. 6.): viśvakarmaṇā nedṛśī śobhanā purī nirmitā . ata imāṃ vilokyedṛkpurīnirmāṇe ceṣṭā jātetyabhiprāyaḥ.

6) Reference, relation; e. g. Pāṇini: svaritañitaḥ kartrabhiprāye kriyāphale (Kāśikā: kartāraṃ cetkriyāphalamabhipraiti).

7) Any thing meant or intended, but not real, a semblance; e. g. Ṛgv. Prātiś.: vivṛttyabhiprāyeṣu ca pīvo annāṃ~ rayivṛdhaḥ ‘amongst the semblances of hiatus’ (i. e. amongst sandhis of final vowels and beginning semivowels, which are not real hiatus, but may be considered as such); or …abhiprāyāṃśca paripādayanti. E. i with pra and abhi, kṛt aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय):—[abhi-prāya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Meaning.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Abhippāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhipraya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhipraya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abhiprāya (अभिप्राय) [Also spelled abhipray]:—(nm) intention; implication; purport; design, import, purpose.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhipraya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhiprāya (ಅಭಿಪ್ರಾಯ):—

1) [noun] an effect produced, as on the mind or senses, by some force or influence compounded by self judgment.

2) [noun] a belief not based on absolute certainty or positive knowledge but on what seems true, valid or probable to one’s own mind; an opinion.

3) [noun] the formal judgment of an expert on a matter in which advice is sought.

4) [noun] the object to be attained; aim; purpose.

5) [noun] meaning; sense; import; implied sense; substance; gist; purport.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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