Abhiras, Ābhīras: 3 definitions



Abhiras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ābhīras (आभीरस्).—A few details: 1) A low-caste people. People living in the estuary of the rivers of Sindhū and Sarasvatī were generally called Ābhīras. In the Sabhā Parva of Mahābhārata we find Nakula defeating these people during his victory march after the great Mahābhārata battle.

Once Ābhīras went to Dharmaputra with many gifts. (Ślokas 11-13, Chapter 51, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata).

Once it was prophesied by Mārkaṇḍeya Ṛṣi, that low-caste people like Ābhīras and Śakas would become rulers of states in different parts of Bhārata during Kaliyuga. (Ślokas 35-36, Chapter 188, Vana Parva, Mahābhārata).

In the Garuḍavyūha (Battle array named after Garuḍa) which Droṇa created during the Kurukṣetra battle he included Ābhīras also. (Śloka 6, Chapter 20, Droṇa Parva, Mahābhārata).

Because of the hatred of Śūdras and Ābhīras a sacred lake named Vināśana disappeared from the river, Sarasvatī. (Ślokas 1 and 2, Chapter 37, Śalya Parva, Mahābhārata).

Ābhīras were Kṣatriyas formerly. Afraid of Paraśurāma they fled and lived in mountain-caves not continuing their hereditary work and thus became Śūdras. (Śloka 16, Chapter 29, Aśvamedhika Parva, Mahābhārata).

When Dvārakā was destroyed by floods and all the Yādavas were killed Arjuna went north taking along with him the wives of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. At that time Ābhīras were among those who attacked and carried away the women. (Ślokas 47-63, Chapter 7, Mausalya Parva, Mahābhārata). (See full article at Story of Ābhīras from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiras (अभिरस्).—neigh to ([accusative]).

Abhiras is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms abhi and ras (रस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhiras (अभिरस्):—[=abhi-ras] -√1. ras to neigh towards ([accusative]), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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