Abhijata, Abhijāta: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Abhijata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Abhijat.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Abhijāta (अभिजात) refers to “one of noble birth”, representing a desirable characteristic of an astrologer (Jyotiṣa), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. He must be of noble birth [i.e., abhijāta] and of agreeable appearance; meek, truthful and without jealousy; of proportional limbs; of joints well built and of good growth; have no physical defects; be of fine hands, feet, nails, eyes, chin, teeth, ears, forehead, eye-brows and head; of fine physique and of high, sonorous voice”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Abhijata (अभिजत) refers to one of the various Grahas and Mahāgrahas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Abhijata).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhijata in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

abhijāta : (adj.) well-born; of noble birth.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Abhijāta, (adj.) (abi + jāta) of noble birth, well-born, S.I, 69; Vv 293; Miln.359 (°kulakulīna belonging to a family of high or noble birth). (Page 63)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abhijāta (अभिजात).—a S Noble, gentle, well-born.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abhijāta (अभिजात).—a Noble, well-born, of noble descent.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abhijāta (अभिजात).—p. p.

1) (a) Born to or for; भवन्ति संपदं दैवीमभिजातस्य भारत (bhavanti saṃpadaṃ daivīmabhijātasya bhārata) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 16.3,4,5. (b) Produced all around. (c) Born in consequence of.

2) Inbred, inborn.

3) Born, produced; अजातपक्षामभिजातकण्ठीम् (ajātapakṣāmabhijātakaṇṭhīm) Rām. सर्वे तुल्याभिजातीया यथा देवास्तथा वयम् (sarve tulyābhijātīyā yathā devāstathā vayam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.166.29.

4) Noble, nobly or well born, of noble decsent; तेऽभिजाता महेष्वासाः (te'bhijātā maheṣvāsāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 6.77.62; जात्यस्तेनाभिजातेन शूरः शौर्यवता कुशः (jātyastenābhijātena śūraḥ śauryavatā kuśaḥ) R.17.4; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 4; courteous, polite; अभिजातं खल्वस्य वचनम् (abhijātaṃ khalvasya vacanam) V.1; K.12, M.3. Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 7; अनभिजाते (anabhijāte) Mu.2.

5) Fit, proper, worthy.

6) Sweet, agreeable; प्रजल्पितायामभिजा- तवाचि (prajalpitāyāmabhijā- tavāci) Kumārasambhava 1.45.

7) Handsome, beautiful.

8) Learned, wise; distinguished; संकीर्णं नाभिजातेषु नाप्रबुद्धेषु संस्कृतम् (saṃkīrṇaṃ nābhijāteṣu nāprabuddheṣu saṃskṛtam) (vadet); अभिजातः कुलजे बुधे (abhijātaḥ kulaje budhe) Nm.

-tam 1 Nobility, noble birth.

2) Birth ceremony (jātakarman); यथा हि सूत्यामभिजात- कोविदाः (yathā hi sūtyāmabhijāta- kovidāḥ) Bhāgavata 1.6.1. adv. Nobly, politely, courteously; °तं खलु एष वारितः (taṃ khalu eṣa vāritaḥ) Ś.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijāta (अभिजात).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Noble, well born. 2. Wise, learned. 3. Fit, proper. 4. Handsome. 5. Respectable. E. abhi before jāta produced.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijāta (अभिजात).—[adjective] well or nobly-born; [neuter] = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abhijāta (अभिजात):—[=abhi-jāta] [from abhi-jan] mfn. born in consequence of

2) [v.s. ...] born, produced

3) [v.s. ...] noble, well-born

4) [v.s. ...] obtained by birth, inbred, fit, proper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] wise learned, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] handsome, [Rāmāyaṇa; Kumāra-sambhava i, 46]

7) [v.s. ...] distinguished by ([compound]), [Jātakamālā]

8) [v.s. ...] n. nativity, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] high birth, nobility.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijāta (अभिजात):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-taḥ-tā-tam) 1) Born, produced, grown round or everywhere; comp. abhija (Ajayapāla: = samantājjāta).

2) Noble, well born.

3) Fortunate, well fated, wealthy (Ajayapāla: = dhanya).

4) Fit, proper.

5) Learned, wise.

6) Handsome (Viśva: = prāptarūpa).

7) Pure, faultless; e. g. in the Yoga Sūtra: kṣīṇavṛtterabhijātasyeva maṇergrahītṛgrahaṇagrāhyeṣu tatsthatadañjanatāpattiḥ (Bhojadeva: abhijātasya nirmalasya). The Gaṇaratnamah. mentions the word in the Gaṇa brāhmaṇādi to Pāṇ. V. 1. 124.; see ābhijātya. [In the verses Bhagavadg. 16. 3. 4.: tejaḥ kṣamā dhṛtiḥ śaucamadroho nātimānitā . bhavanti saṃpadaṃ daivīmabhi jātasya bhārata . dambho darpobhimānaśca krodhaḥ pāruṣyameva ca . ajñānaṃ cābhi jātasya pārtha saṃpadamāsurīm, it seems more correct to take abhi as the separable preposition than as compounded with jāta i. e. ‘born in consequence of divine or demoniac fate’: Arjunam.: devayogyāṃ sātvikīṃsaṃpadamabhilakṣya tadābhimukhyena jātasya…āsurīmabhilakṣya jātasya &c.; in a similar manner Śrīdharasvāmin, Madhusūdana, the Vivaraṇa, Sadānanda; e. g. the latter in his metrical gloss: śuddhasattvamayī daivī saṃpattāmabhilakṣya hi . puṃso jātasya vākpuṇyairete dharmā bhavantyapi .…rajastamomayī duṣṭavāsanā saṃtatirmalaiḥ . śarīrārambhakālebhivyaktā tāmabhilakṣya ca . puṃso jātasya dambhādyā doṣā ete bhavanti vai.] E. abhi and jāta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abhijāta (अभिजात):—[abhi-jāta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Noble; respected; wise; fit.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Abhijāta (अभिजात) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Abhijāta, Abhijāya, Ahiāa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abhijata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Abhijata in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abhijāta (अभिजात) [Also spelled abhijat]:—(a) aristocratic, well-born; classic; (nm) an aristocrat, noble; -[abhinaya] classic acting; -[kṛti] a classic (work); ~[taṃtra] aristocracy; -[varga] aristocracy, nobility; ~[vāda] classicism, aristocracy; ~[vādī] a classicist; aristocrat.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Abhijāta (अभिजात) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Abhijāta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abhijāta (ಅಭಿಜಾತ):—

1) [adjective] born into a family of high social position; well-born.

2) [adjective] beautiful; pleasing to the eyes.

3) [adjective] heavy or intense (as a war).

4) [adjective] melodious; pleasing to the ears.

5) [adjective] learned; wise; knowledgeable.

6) [adjective] (of literature, music etc.) of the ancient, high standard; classical.

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Abhijāta (ಅಭಿಜಾತ):—

1) [noun] a man born into a noble family.

2) [noun] an honourable man.

3) [noun] one who loves or is loved.

4) [noun] beauty; the quality that charms.

5) [noun] a specialist in a particular branch of learning; a learned person; a scholar.

6) [noun] a wise man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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