Ganda, aka: Gaṇḍa; 16 Definition(s)


Ganda means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Gaṇḍa has been clearly defined by Nārada as the period of a prahara (3 hours) covering the junction of agni and jala rāśi.

These junctions are

  1. Jyeṣṭha-Mūla (in Scorpio-Sagittarius) ,
  2. Aśleṣā-Maghā (in Cancer-Leo)
  3. and Revatī-Aśvinī (in Pisces-Aries).
Source: Daivi Varnashram: Nakṣatra Gaṇḍānta
Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Gaṇḍa (गण्ड) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “goiter”, which is a visible abnormal enlargement of the Thyroid gland. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and Suśruta-saṃhitā. The thyroid gland is a large endocrine gland in the human body consisting of two connected lobes. It controls energy sources, protein synthessis and the body’s hormone sensitivity.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Gaṇḍa (गण्ड) refers to an “abrupt remark”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5.

2) Gaṇḍa (गण्ड, “undue combination of words”) refers to one of the thirteen types of vīthi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 20. Gaṇḍa can also be translated as “abrupt remark”. Vīthi represents one of the daśarūpa or, “ten kinds of dramatic plays”, which are said to have originated from the various styles (vṛtti), discussed in chapter 22 of the same work.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Gaṇḍa (गण्ड).—One of the thirteen types of vīthi;—Undue Combination of Words (gaṇḍa) according to the wise, occurs due to excitement, confusion, quarrel, reviling and many people’s abusive words

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Gaṇḍā (गण्डा).—A dāsī, who served the saptarṣis. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 93).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Gardener of Pasenadi, king of Kusala. It was he who offered to the Buddha the mango, the seed of which produced the Gandamba (J.iv.264). The Apadana Commentary (i.97) calls the gardener Gandabba, and the Divyavadana (p.157) calls him Gandaka.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Gaṇḍa (गण्ड, “ulcer”) refers to one of the eight kinds of contemplations (anupaśyanā) among the Buddha’s disciples, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XVI). Accordingly, “for them, everything is impermanent (anitya), suffering (duḥkha), empty (śūnya), egoless (anātmaka), like a sickness (roga), an ulcer (gaṇḍa), like an arrow (śalya) stuck in one’s body, like an agony (agha)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Gaṇḍa (गण्ड) is an example of a name based on animals mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Gaṇḍa) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Ganda in Pali glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

gaṇḍa : (m.) a boil; a swelling; a protuberance.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Gaṇḍa, (a variation of gaṇṭha (-i), in both meanings of (1) swelling, knot, protuberance, and (2) the interstice between two knots or the whole of the knotty object, i.e. stem, stalk)—1. a swelling, esp. as a disease, an abscess, a boil. Freq. in similes with ref. to kāma and kāya. Mentioned with similar cutaneous diseases under kilāsa (q. v. for loci). As Ep. of kāya S.IV, 83=A.IV, 386, of kāmā A.III, 310, IV.289; Nd2 on Sn.51; also Th.2, 491 (=dukkhatā sūlaya ThA.288); S.IV, 64 (=ejā); Sn.51, 61 (v. l. for gaḷa); J.I, 293; Vism.360 (°pilakā); DhA.III, 297 (gaṇḍ-ā-gaṇḍajāta, covered with all kinds of boils); IV, 175; PvA.55. Cp. Av. S.II, 1681.—2. a stalk, a shaft, in N. of a plant —°tindu-rukkha J.V, 99, and in der. gaṇḍikā & gaṇḍī, cp. also Av. S.II, 13312. ‹-› 3.=gaṇḍuppāda in cpd. gaṇḍamattikā clay mixed with earth-worms Vin.II, 151 (cp. Bdhgh. gaṇḍuppādagūtha-mattikā clay mixed with excrement of earthworms Vin. Texts III, 172).

—uppāda (lit. producing upheavals, cp. a mole) an earth-worm, classed as a very low creature with kīṭā & puḷavā at M.III, 168; J.V, 210 (°pāṇa); DhA.III, 361 (°yoni); SnA 317. (Page 241)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

gaṇḍa (गंड).—m (S) A side of the face including the temple, a cheek. 2 An elephant's cheek or temple. 3 The name of the tenth Yog. Hence fig. 4 The force, fierceness, violence, vehemence (of any disease, of rain, wind, the itch). 5 fig. The vaunting or swelling of pride or conceit. v mōḍa, jirava. 6 n A boil. 7 An affix expressive of disgust or contempt attached to the designations of certain orders; as to tēlī, vāṇī, māḷī, jōśī, forming tēlagaṇḍa, vāṇagaṇḍa, māḷagaṇḍa, jōsagaṇḍa, and to the proper names of Kun̤bis gen.

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gaṇḍā (गंडा).—m An aggregate of four (cowries or pice). 2 The string which teachers of particular arts and crafts (singers, dancers, charmers, conjurers) bind round a finger or the wrist of the right arm of their pupils. v ghāla, kara, bāndha. 3 An ornamental cord of black thread bound round the neck of a horse. 4 A charmed cord bound round the wrist or ankle to avert or remove demoniac influence. gaṇḍā ghālaṇēṃ or caḍhaviṇēṃ To bewitch, wheedle, cajole, beguile: also to cheat or trick gen.

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gāṇḍa (गांड).—f (guda S) The posteriors. 2 The anus. 3 fig. The hinder or lower side; the back or bottom of a thing gen.) gāṃ0 jaḍa hōṇēṃ g. of s. To become disdainful or elated with pride. gāṃ0 tōṇḍa hātīṃ dharaṇēṃ To take to lechery and gluttony. gāṃ0 phāṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To be overcome with terror or fear, to funk. gāṃ0 māraṇēṃ To abuse a tergo. gāṇḍīnta suṇṭha phuṅkaṇēṃ g. of o. To put up to; to set on; to incite or instigate. gāṇḍīvara ghāva ghēṇēṃ To be repulsed with dishonor; to fail shamefully in an undertaking. gāṇḍīvara rēgha ōḍhaṇēṃ To draw back, decline, recede meanly. Note. Phrases in use--in use with the vulgar and the polished, with the illiterate and the learned, with males and females, with the man of hoary head and the yet lisping child, and in ordinary, familiar, accepted, and most approved use--amount to hundreds. They are heard in the market and on the road, in the field and in the house, in the discussion of matters of sober business and in angry altercations or fightings. They form an important constituent of many causes and cases which ultimately appear in the halls of the Collector and in the courts of the Judge. This reason for inserting them--and this has been our reason for inserting others of the gross and coarse phrases and terms of the nation's vocabulary--has, however, been deemed insufficient, and all but the above few are omitted. This observation and this notice apply also to the compounds occurring below.

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gāṇḍā (गांडा).—m ( H) A sugarcane.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaṇḍa (गंड).—m A cheek; an elephant's temple. n A boil.

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gaṇḍā (गंडा).—m Aggregate of four (cowries). A charmed cord bound round the wrist or ankle to avert or remove demoniac influence. gaṇḍā ghālaṇēṃ Cajole, beguile, bewitch; also to cheat or trick.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇḍa (गण्ड).—1 The cheek, the whole side of the face including the temples; गण्डाभोगे पुलकपटलम् (gaṇḍābhoge pulakapaṭalam) Māl.2.5; तदीष- दार्द्रारुणगण्डलेखम् (tadīṣa- dārdrāruṇagaṇḍalekham) Ku.7.82; Me.26,93; Amaru.83; Ṛs.4.6;6.1; Ś.6.18; Śi.12.54.

2) An elephant's temple; गण्डोड्डीनालिमाला° (gaṇḍoḍḍīnālimālā°) Māl.1.1.

3) A bubble.

4) A boil, tumour, swelling, pimple; अयमपरो गण्डस्योपरि विस्फोटः (ayamaparo gaṇḍasyopari visphoṭaḥ) Mu.5; तदा गण्डस्योपरि पिटिका संवृत्ता (tadā gaṇḍasyopari piṭikā saṃvṛttā) Ś.2.

5) Goitre and other excrescences of the neck.

6) A joint, knot.

7) A mark, spot; गण्डोज्ज्वलामुज्ज्वलनाभिचक्रया (gaṇḍojjvalāmujjvalanābhicakrayā) Śi.12.8.

8) A rhinoceros.

9) The bladder.

1) A hero, warrior.

11) Part of a horse's trappings, a stud or button fixed as an ornament upon the harness.

12) An unexpected combination of words consisting in putting one speech immediately after another, so as to be syntactically connected; see वीथि (vīthi); e. g. राक्षसः- अपि नाम दुरात्मा चाणक्यबटुः । दौवारिकः -जयतु । -रा° -अति- संधातुं शक्यः स्यात् । --दौ° -अमात्यः (rākṣasaḥ- api nāma durātmā cāṇakyabaṭuḥ | dauvārikaḥ -jayatu | -rā° -ati- saṃdhātuṃ śakyaḥ syāt | --dau° -amātyaḥ) | Mu.4; so किमस्या न प्रेयो यदि पुनरसह्यस्तु विरहः (kimasyā na preyo yadi punarasahyastu virahaḥ). --दौ° -देव उपस्थितः (dau° -deva upasthitaḥ) U.1.

13) The tenth yoga or one of the twenty-seven portions of a circle on the plane of the ecliptic.

14) An astronomical period.

Derivable forms: gaṇḍaḥ (गण्डः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇḍa (गण्ड).—m. (nt. ? compare also gaṇḍikā and gaṇḍaka), (1) stalk of a plant (in this sense, somewhat doubtfully, in Pali, see PTSD): ikṣu-gaṇḍā, acc. pl., Mv i.21.9; nā- ḍāṅkura-gaṇḍa- Laṅk 18.4; aṅkura-gaṇḍa-pattra- Bbh 99.24; esp. as possessing medicinal properties, gaṇḍa- bhaiṣajyam Mvy 5839; mūla-bhaiṣajyaṃ gaṇḍa-bhai° Bhīk 23b.1; mūla-gaṇḍa-pattra-puṣpa-phala-bhaiṣajya Divy 100.16; 109.25; 347.6; 486.16 (om. puṣpa); Av ii.133.12; bhaiṣajya-vṛkṣasya mūlato vā…gaṇḍataḥ śākhātaḥ tvaktaḥ…Śikṣ 21.17; (2) piece, part, portion (compare gaṇḍa Kathās. 94.66 ‘fehlerhaft für khaṇḍa’, pw, but?): madhyamako gaṇḍaḥ MSV ii.104.19; gaṇḍa-gaṇḍaṃ, adv., in pieces, Divy 155.13 (see s.v. gaṇḍaka, 3); kati-gaṇḍā, of how many parts ? (sāvitrī) Divy 638.2, sāvitrī tri-gaṇḍā 3; pañca-gaṇḍa-gati-cakra, Gv 484.9 (verse), the wheel of the five-partite (five-fold) states of existence, = saṃsāra-cakra, see s.v. (pañca-) gaṇḍaka 1; (3) rhinoceros (so Sanskrit Lex.; also gaṇḍaka 2, q.v.): Mvy 4793 = Tibetan bse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 115 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Gaṇḍaśaila (गण्डशैल).—m. (-laḥ) 1. A rock or rocky fragment fallen from a height thrown down by...
Gaṇḍamāla (गण्डमाल) or Gaṇḍamālā (गण्डमाला).—inflammation of the glands of the neck. Derivable ...
Gaṇḍasthala (गण्डस्थल).—1) the cheek, the temples of an elephant. 2) temple-region (in general)...
Galagaṇḍa (गलगण्ड).—1) enlargement of the glands of the neck. 2) goitre. Derivable forms: galag...
Palagaṇḍa (पलगण्ड).—a plasterer, mason; तक्षाणः पलगण्डाश्च (takṣāṇaḥ palagaṇḍāśca) ...... Śiva ...
Vāyugaṇḍa (वायुगण्ड).—m. (-ṇḍaḥ) Flatulence, indigestion. E. vāyu wind, gaḍi to be a part of, a...
Chātragaṇḍa (छात्रगण्ड).—m. (-ṇḍaḥ) An indifferent scholar in poetical composition; one citing ...
Gaṇḍa-māḍa.—(EI 5), name of a coin; sometimes specified as ‘small’; also called kārṣāpaṇa, niṣk...
Gaṇḍa-niṣka.—same as gaṇḍa; see māḍa and niṣka. Note: gaṇḍa-niṣka is defined in the “Indian epi...
Uttama-gaṇḍa-māḍa.—probably ‘good (i. e. new) gaṇḍamāḍa’ or ‘gaṇḍa-māḍa issued by king Uttama (...
Aśvapati-Gajapati-Narapati-mūvaru-rāyara-gaṇḍa.—(IE 8-2), title of the Vijayanagara kings; Kann...
One of the Hands that indicate Flying Creatures.—Gaṇḍa-bheruṇḍa, the Ardha-candra hand...
Śāstragaṇḍa (शास्त्रगण्ड).—a superficial reader of books, superficial scholar. Derivable forms:...
Suragaṇḍa (सुरगण्ड).—a kind of boil, disease. Derivable forms: suragaṇḍaḥ (सुरगण्डः).Suragaṇḍa ...
Gaṇḍadeśa (गण्डदेश).—1) the cheek, the temples of an elephant. 2) temple-region (in general); क...

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