Jalini, Jālinī: 10 definitions



Jalini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Jālinī (जालिनी):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be useful in alchemical processes related to mercury (rasa), according to Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara (chapter 9).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Jālinī (जालिनी) is another name for Kośātakī, a medicinal plant identified with Luffa acutangula (angled luffa or ribbed sponge gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.48-49 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Jālinī and Kośātakī, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Jalini - One of the five queens of the third Okkaka king. DA.i.258; MT.131; SNA.i.352.

2. Jalini - A goddess of Tavatimsa, a former wife of Anuruddha. Once seeing him old and feeble, she appeared before him in Kosala and bade him aspire to rebirth among the gods. Anuruddha told her there would be no rebirth for him. S.i.200; Thag.vs.908; ThagA.ii.73; SA.i.226.

3. Jalini - See Saddasaratthajalini.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Jālinī (जालिनी) refers to one of the five wives of Okkāka: an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa), according to the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw. The wives of King Okkāka, the last of the 252,556 kings, were five: Hatthā, Cittā, Jantu, Jālinī, and Visākhā. Each of them had five hundred ladies-in-waiting.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jālinī : (f.) lust; desire; craving.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jālinī (जालिनी).—

1) A room ornamented with pictures.

2) A kind of melon (koṣātakī).

3) Certain boils or pustules which appear in the disease called प्रमेह (prameha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jālinī (जालिनी).—(f. to jālin, q.v., but in sense of ensnaring or the like: = Pali id., epithet of taṇhā, with or without that word; the comms. have various explanations, three being offered on Dhammapada (Pali) 180 alone), perhaps ensnaring, or subst. enchantress, as epithet of tṛṣnā, thirst, longing: tasiṇāṃ ca jālinīṃ Mahāvastu i.166.20 (verse); jālinīṃ tṛṣṇāṃ ii.307.12; tṛṣṇāṃ chittvāna jālinīṃ 357.15; jālinī…tṛṣṇā iii.92.1 = Pali Dhammapada (Pali) 180 jālinī…taṇhā; without the word tṛṣṇā, Dharma- samuccaya (unpublished [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] work) 8.44, 47, according to Renou, JA Jul.—Sept. 1939 p. 336 note 1; in a personal letter of May 16, 1945, Renou kindly informs me that here jālinī ‘a ni plus ni moins le sens de ṭṛṣṇā, hors de toute ambiance métaphorique; de même pour viśālā’ (q.v.). We should, then, doubtless recognize the same [Page242-b+ 71] meaning in: sarvakileśabandhanalatāṃ…jālinīṃ (Tibetan dra ba, net) Lalitavistara 276.12 (verse), and: iha jālinī…ṣaṭtriṃśati- cāriṇī Lalitavistara 373.7 (verse), thirst which acts in 32 ways (as does taṇhā in Pali, [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] s.v.); Foucaux le filet d'illusion. Most mss. and Calcutta (see LV.) read indrajālinī for iha j° (hence Foucaux's rendering); but this is metrical(ly) impossible, and the epithet proves that tṛṣṇā is referred to.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jālinī (जालिनी):—[from jālin > jāla] f. ([scilicet] piḍakā) Name of certain boils appearing in the Prameha disease, [Caraka i, 17, 80 and 83; Suśruta ii, 6, 8 and 10]

2) [v.s. ...] a species of melon (having a reticulated rind), [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] a painted room or one ornamented with pictures, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Jālinī (जालिनी):—(wie eben) f.

1) (sc. piḍakā) Bez. eines beim prameha vorkommenden Abscesses oder Ausschlags [Suśruta 1, 273, 12. 17.] jvalinī [Hindu System of Medicine 362.] —

2) ein bemaltes oder mit Bildern ausgeschmücktes Gemach [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi.999.] —

3) = śvetaghoṣā, ghoṣātakī, kośātakī Netzmelone oder Netzgurke (mit netzartiger Zeichnung der Schale) [Ratnamālā 65.] [Suśruta 2. 25. 16. 279, 3. 280, 16. 296, 16.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Jālinī (जालिनी):—f.

1) ein best. Abscess oder Ausschlag [Carakasaṃhitā 1,17.] —

2) Netzmelone oder Netzgurke.

3) *ein bemaltes oder mit Bildern ausgeschmücktes Gemach.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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