Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

तरतैतां विषक्तिकां क्षणो वो मा ह्य् उपत्यगात् ।
क्षणातीता हि शोचन्ते नरकेषु समर्पिताः ॥ १४ ॥

tarataitāṃ viṣaktikāṃ kṣaṇo vo mā hy upatyagāt |
kṣaṇātītā hi śocante narakeṣu samarpitāḥ || 14 ||

The English translation of Verse 3.14 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.14). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tarat, Kshana, Yushmad, Upa, Tyaj, Kshanat, Shocat, Tad, Naraka, Samarpita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 3.14). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tarataitāṃ viṣaktikāṃ kṣaṇo vo hy upatyagāt
  • taratai -
  • tṝ -> tarat (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √tṝ class 1 verb]
    tṝ -> tarat (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √tṝ class 1 verb]
    tṝ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • aitām -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third dual]
  • Cannot analyse viṣaktikām*kṣ
  • kṣaṇo* -
  • kṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vo* -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • mā* -
  • Cannot analyse hy*up
  • upa -
  • upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
  • tyag -
  • tyaj (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    tyaj (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • āt -
  • āt (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • Line 2: “kṣaṇātītā hi śocante narakeṣu samarpitāḥ
  • kṣaṇāt -
  • kṣaṇāt (indeclinable)
    kṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    kṣaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ītā -
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • śocan -
  • śuc -> śocat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śuc class 1 verb], [vocative single from √śuc class 1 verb]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • narakeṣu -
  • naraka (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    naraka (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • samarpitāḥ -
  • samarpita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    samarpitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
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