Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 1.49

यच्च द्विजत्वं कुशिको न लेभे तद्गाधनः सूनुरवाप राजन् ।
वेलां समुद्रे सगरश्च दध्रे नेक्ष्वाकवो यां प्रथमं बबन्धुः ॥ ४९ ॥

yacca dvijatvaṃ kuśiko na lebhe tadgādhanaḥ sūnuravāpa rājan |
velāṃ samudre sagaraśca dadhre nekṣvākavo yāṃ prathamaṃ babandhuḥ || 49 ||

'That Brahmanhood which Kushika never attained,—his son, O king, found out the means to gain it; (so) Sagara made a bound for the ocean, which even the Ikshvakus had not fixed before him.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.49). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yat, Yad, Dvijatva, Kushika, Tad, Tat, Gadha, Asmad, Sunu, Avapa, Rajan, Rajat, Vela, Samudra, Sagara, Sagaras, Nri, Ikshvaku, Prathamam, Prathama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 1.49). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yacca dvijatvaṃ kuśiko na lebhe tadgādhanaḥ sūnuravāpa rājan
  • yac -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dvijatvam -
  • dvijatva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kuśiko* -
  • kuśika (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lebhe -
  • labh (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • gādha -
  • gādha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gādha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    gādh (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • naḥ -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • sūnur -
  • sūnu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    sūnu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • avāpa -
  • avāpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    avāpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • Line 2: “velāṃ samudre sagaraśca dadhre nekṣvākavo yāṃ prathamaṃ babandhuḥ
  • velām -
  • velā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • samudre -
  • samudra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    samudra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    samudrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sagaraś -
  • sagaras (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sagaras (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sagara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dadhre -
  • dhṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    dhrā (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    dhrā (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    dhrai (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    dhrai (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • ne -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ikṣvākavo* -
  • ikṣvāku (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ikṣvāku (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • yām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • prathamam -
  • prathamam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prathamam (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    prathamam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    prathama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prathama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prathamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • babandhuḥ -
  • bandh (verb class 1)
    [perfect active third plural]
    bandh (verb class 4)
    [perfect active third plural]
    bandh (verb class 9)
    [perfect active third plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 1.49

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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