Sunu, Sūnu, Sūnū, Su-nu: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Sunu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Sūnu (सूनु) refers to “one’s son”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 3.18.—Accordingly: “When the complete birth ritual was done by the ascetic chaplain who had come from the grove of ascetics, Dilīpa’s son (dilīpa-sūnu) shone yet more, like a precious stone taken from a mine and then polished”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Sūnu (सूनु) refers to a “flower”, as mentioned in a list of eight synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Sūnu] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sūnu (सूनु) is a common word for ‘son’ from the Rigveda onwards. The etymological sense seems to be he who is borne,’ and then ‘the begotten’. But the use of Sūnu in the Rigveda is predominantly in relation to the father, and only rarely in its connexion with words for mother. Thus a father is ‘easy of access’ (sūpāyana) to his son (sūnu); but in another passage, where the same term is applied to earth as a mother, the word used for son is Putra. No conclusion as to matriarchy can of course be drawn from the etymology. On the relation of son and father, see Pitṛ.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sūnu : (m.) a son.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sūnu, (Vedic sūnu, fr. , cp. sūti) a son, child Mhvs 38, 87. (Page 721)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sūnu (सूनु).—[sū nuk]

1) A son; पितुरहमेवैको सूनुरभवम् (piturahamevaiko sūnurabhavam) K.; सूनुः सूनृतवाक् स्रष्टुः (sūnuḥ sūnṛtavāk sraṣṭuḥ) R.1.93.

2) A cihild, an offspring.

3) A grandson (daughter's son).

4) A younger brother; अनुस्मृताखण्डलसूनुविक्रमः (anusmṛtākhaṇḍalasūnuvikramaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 1.24.

5) The sun; सूनुः पुत्रेऽनुजे रवौ इति विश्वः (sūnuḥ putre'nuje ravau iti viśvaḥ).

6) The Arka plant.

Derivable forms: sūnuḥ (सूनुः).

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Sūnū (सूनू).—f. A daughter.

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Sunu (सुनु).—n. water.

Sunu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and nu (नु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūnu (सूनु).—m.

(-nuḥ) 1. A son. 2. A younger brother. 3. The sun. 4. A daughter’s son. 5. A child, offspring. 6. The Arka-plant. f. (-nuḥ or -nū) A daughter. E. ṣū to bear, (as children,) nuk Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūnu (सूनु).—[sū + nu] (see vb. 1. su), I. m. 1. A son, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 145. 2. A younger. brother. 3. The sun. Ii. f. , A daughter.

— Cf. Goth sunus; [Anglo-Saxon.] sunu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūnu (सूनु).—[masculine] son, offspring; p. sūnumant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sunu (सुनु):—[=su-nu] [from su > su-nakṣatra] a See -nau. =

2) [=su-nu] b See su-nau, p. 1226, col. 3.

3) Sunū (सुनू):—See su-lū, p. 1232, col. 3.

4) Sūnu (सूनु):—[from ] 1. sūnu m. one who urges or incites, an inciter, [Sāyaṇa on Ṛg-veda i, 103, 4]

5) [v.s. ...] the sun (= savitṛ), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [from ] 2. sūnu m. a son, child, offspring, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

7) [v.s. ...] a younger brother, [Kirātārjunīya i, 24]

8) [v.s. ...] a daughter’s son, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a Ṛṣi (having the [patronymic] Ārbhava or Kāśyapa, author of [Ṛg-veda x, 176]), [Anukramaṇikā; Indische Studien by A. Weber]

10) [v.s. ...] f. a daughter, [Manu-smṛti i, 10.]

11) [v.s. ...] cf. [Zend] hunu; [Lithuanian] sūnús; [Slavonic or Slavonian] synŭ; [Gothic] sunus; [Anglo-Saxon] sunu; [English] son; [German] Sohn.

12) [from sūti] 3. sūnu m. (for 1. 2. See under √1. 2. ) one who presses out or extracts the Soma-juice, [Ṛg-veda iii, 1, 12] (= sotṛ1 [Sāyaṇa])

13) a 1. 2. 3. sūnu. See under √1. 2. , and p. 1241, col. 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūnu (सूनु):—(nuḥ) 2. m. A son; younger brother; the sun. f. A daughter.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sūnu (सूनु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sūṇu.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sunu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Sūṇu (सूणु) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Sūnu.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sūnu (ಸೂನು):—

1) [noun] a boy or man as he is related to his parents; a son.

2) [noun] a child.

3) [noun] one’s daughter’s son; a grand-son.

4) [noun] an younger brother.

5) [noun] the sun.

6) [noun] a girl or woman as she is related to her parents; a daughter.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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