Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 11.2

तन्निर्मलावयवभित्तिषु तद्विभूषारत्नेषु च प्रतिफलन्निजदेहदम्भात् ।
दृष्ट्या परं न हृदयेन न केवलं तैः सर्वात्मनैव सुतनौ युवभिर्ममज्जे ॥ २ ॥

tannirmalāvayavabhittiṣu tadvibhūṣāratneṣu ca pratiphalannijadehadambhāt |
dṛṣṭyā paraṃ na hṛdayena na kevalaṃ taiḥ sarvātmanaiva sutanau yuvabhirmamajje || 2 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 11.2 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (11.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tan, Mala, Mali, Ayava, Bhitti, Tad, Vibhusha, Vibhuvas, Ratna, Prati, Phalat, Nija, Dehada, Bha, Bhas, Drishti, Para, Hridaya, Kevala, Sarvatman, Sarvatmana, Sutanu, Yuvan, Majja,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 11.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “tannirmalāvayavabhittiṣu tadvibhūṣāratneṣu ca pratiphalannijadehadambhāt”
  • tann -
  • tan (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    tan (vocative single)
  • ir -
  • i (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    iḥ (nominative single)
  • malāva -
  • mala (noun, masculine); (3 der.)
    malau (nominative dual)
    malau (vocative dual)
    malau (accusative dual)
    mali (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    malau (locative single)
    mal (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    malāva (imperative active first dual)
  • ayava -
  • ayava (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ayava (vocative single)
    ayava (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ayava (vocative single)
    ayavan (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ayava (compound)
  • bhittiṣu -
  • bhitti (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    bhittiṣu (locative plural)
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    tad (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    tat (indeclinable correlative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable correlative)
    tad (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    tat (compound)
    tat (nominative single)
    tat (accusative single)
  • vibhūṣā -
  • vibhūṣā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    vibhūṣā (nominative single)
    vibhūvas (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vibhūṣā (instrumental single)
    vibhūvas (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    vibhūṣā (instrumental single)
  • ratneṣu -
  • ratna (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    ratneṣu (locative plural)
    ratna (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    ratneṣu (locative plural)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable conjunction)
    ca (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
    ca (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ca (vocative single)
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    prati (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    pratī (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    prati (adverb)
    prati (vocative single)
    pratī (noun, feminine); (3 der.)
    prati (compound)
    prati (adverb)
    prati (vocative single)
    pratī (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    prati (compound)
    prati (adverb)
    prati (nominative single)
    prati (vocative single)
    prati (accusative single)
  • phalan -
  • phal -> phalat (participle, masculine); (2 der.)
    phalan (nominative single), from √phal (class 1 verb)
    phalan (vocative single), from √phal (class 1 verb)
    phal -> phalat (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    phalat (nominative single), from √phal (class 1 verb)
    phalat (vocative single), from √phal (class 1 verb)
    phalat (accusative single), from √phal (class 1 verb)
  • nija -
  • nija (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    nija (vocative single)
    nija (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    nija (vocative single)
  • dehadam -
  • dehada (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    dehadam (adverb)
    dehadam (accusative single)
  • bhāt -
  • bha (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    bhāt (adverb)
    bhāt (ablative single)
    bha (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    bhāt (adverb)
    bhāt (ablative single)
    bhās (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    bhāt (nominative single)
    bhāt (vocative single)
  • Line2: “dṛṣṭyā paraṃ na hṛdayena na kevalaṃ taiḥ sarvātmanaiva sutanau yuvabhirmamajje”
  • dṛṣṭyā -
  • dṛṣṭi (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    dṛṣṭyā (instrumental single)
    dṛṣṭī (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    dṛṣṭyā (nominative dual)
    dṛṣṭyā (vocative dual)
    dṛṣṭyā (accusative dual)
    dṛṣṭyā (instrumental single)
    dṛṣṭī (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    dṛṣṭyā (instrumental single)
  • param -
  • param (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    para (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    param (adverb)
    param (accusative single)
    para (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    param (nominative single)
    param (accusative single)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
  • hṛdayena -
  • hṛdaya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    hṛdayena (instrumental single)
    hṛdaya (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    hṛdayena (instrumental single)
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    na (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
    na (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    na (vocative single)
  • kevalam -
  • kevalam (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
    kevala (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    kevalam (adverb)
    kevalam (accusative single)
    kevala (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    kevalam (adverb)
    kevalam (nominative single)
    kevalam (accusative single)
    kevalā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kevalam (adverb)
  • taiḥ -
  • ta (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    taiḥ (instrumental plural)
    ta (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    taiḥ (instrumental plural)
    tad (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    taiḥ (instrumental plural)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    taiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • sarvātmanai -
  • sarvātman (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sarvātmanā (instrumental single)
    sarvātman (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    sarvātmanā (instrumental single)
    sarvātmanā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    sarvātmanā (nominative single)
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    aiva (imperfect active first dual)
  • sutanau -
  • sutanu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    sutanau (locative single)
    sutanu (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    sutanau (locative single)
  • yuvabhir -
  • yuvan (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yuvabhiḥ (instrumental plural)
  • ma -
  • ma (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ma (vocative single)
    ma (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    ma (vocative single)
  • majje -
  • majja (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    majje (locative single)
    majja (noun, neuter); (4 der.)
    majje (nominative dual)
    majje (vocative dual)
    majje (accusative dual)
    majje (locative single)
    majjā (noun, feminine); (4 der.)
    majje (nominative dual)
    majje (vocative single)
    majje (vocative dual)
    majje (accusative dual)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 11.2

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

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Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

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