Param, Paraṃ: 10 definitions

Introduction:

Param means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paraṃ : (adv.) after; beyond; further; on the other side of. || pāraṃ (adv.) beyond; across; over.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Param (परम्).—indecl. (nowhere recorded; Sanskrit paramam is so used), particle of assent, especially to a command, assuredly, certainly: Divyāvadāna 288.13; 292.24; 293.8; 390.1; 407.29; 460.3; in Lalitavistara 102.9 (prose) Lefm. parameti, with all his mss., read surely param iti with Calcutta (see LV.), supported in sense by Tibetan; a verb eti is not construable, and paramaṃ ti (for iti), or paramam iti, would be much less probable emendations.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Param (परम्).—ind. A particle of command. 2. Of dismissal or refusal. 3. Hereafter, afterwards.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Param (परम्):—[from para] ind. afterwards, later

2) [v.s. ...] (with [ablative]) beyond, after (e.g. paraṃ vijñānāt, beyond human knowledge; astam-ayāt p, after sunset; mattaḥ p, after me; ataḥ p or param ataḥ, after this, farther on, hereafter, next; itaḥ p, henceforward, from now; tataḥ p or tataś ca p, after that, thereupon; nāsmāt p [for māsmāt p], no more of this, enough), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] in a high degree, excessively, greatly, completely, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] rather, most willingly, by all means, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] I will, so be it, [Divyāvadāna]

6) [v.s. ...] at the most, at the utmost, merely, no more than, nothing but, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] but, however, otherwise (paraṃ tu or paraṃ kiṃ tu idem; yadi p, if at all, perhaps, at any rate; na-p, not-but; na paraṃ-api, not only-but also; paraṃ na-api na, not only not-but not even; na paraṃ-yāvat, not only-but even), [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Param (परम्):—adv. Hereafter.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Param (परम्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paraṃ.

[Sanskrit to German]

Param in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Param in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) extreme; ultimate; absolute; supreme; best; utmost; (nm) the Supreme Being, God; —[agrata] absolute priority; —[gati] liberation, salvation; —[gahana] extremely complicated/incomprehensible; too deep; too difficult; insurmountable; —[tattva] the Essential Element, the Supreme Being; —[tapa] absolute temperature; —[pada] the highest seat, liberation, salvation; —[pavana] His Holiness; extremely holy, of supreme holiness; —[pita] the Creator of all, God; —[purusha] God; —[purushartha] highest Good, summum bonum; —[brahma] God; —[bhattaraka] an ancient honorofic title or form of address to an Emperor; —[mahamanya] His Exalted Highness; —[mapakrama] absolute scale; ~[hamsa] the supreme amongst the [samnyasi]s; a liberated soul, one who has attained transcendental existence..—param (परम) is alternatively transliterated as Parama.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Paraṃ (परं) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Param.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pāraṃ (ಪಾರಂ):—

1) [adverb] adequately or sufficiently.

2) [adverb] to a considerable extent or degree.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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