Param, Paraṃ: 10 definitions
Param means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
paraṃ : (adv.) after; beyond; further; on the other side of. || pāraṃ (adv.) beyond; across; over.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Param (परम्).—indecl. (nowhere recorded; Sanskrit paramam is so used), particle of assent, especially to a command, assuredly, certainly: Divyāvadāna 288.13; 292.24; 293.8; 390.1; 407.29; 460.3; in Lalitavistara 102.9 (prose) Lefm. parameti, with all his mss., read surely param iti with Calcutta (see LV.), supported in sense by Tibetan; a verb eti is not construable, and paramaṃ ti (for iti), or paramam iti, would be much less probable emendations.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Param (परम्).—ind. A particle of command. 2. Of dismissal or refusal. 3. Hereafter, afterwards.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Param (परम्):—[from para] ind. afterwards, later
2) [v.s. ...] (with [ablative]) beyond, after (e.g. paraṃ vijñānāt, beyond human knowledge; astam-ayāt p, after sunset; mattaḥ p, after me; ataḥ p or param ataḥ, after this, farther on, hereafter, next; itaḥ p, henceforward, from now; tataḥ p or tataś ca p, after that, thereupon; nāsmāt p [for māsmāt p], no more of this, enough), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] in a high degree, excessively, greatly, completely, [ib.]
4) [v.s. ...] rather, most willingly, by all means, [ib.]
5) [v.s. ...] I will, so be it, [Divyāvadāna]
6) [v.s. ...] at the most, at the utmost, merely, no more than, nothing but, [ib.]
7) [v.s. ...] but, however, otherwise (paraṃ tu or paraṃ kiṃ tu idem; yadi p, if at all, perhaps, at any rate; na-p, not-but; na paraṃ-api, not only-but also; paraṃ na-api na, not only not-but not even; na paraṃ-yāvat, not only-but even), [ib.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Param (परम्):—adv. Hereafter.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Param (परम्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paraṃ.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Param in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) extreme; ultimate; absolute; supreme; best; utmost; (nm) the Supreme Being, God; —[agrata] absolute priority; —[gati] liberation, salvation; —[gahana] extremely complicated/incomprehensible; too deep; too difficult; insurmountable; —[tattva] the Essential Element, the Supreme Being; —[tapa] absolute temperature; —[pada] the highest seat, liberation, salvation; —[pavana] His Holiness; extremely holy, of supreme holiness; —[pita] the Creator of all, God; —[purusha] God; —[purushartha] highest Good, summum bonum; —[brahma] God; —[bhattaraka] an ancient honorofic title or form of address to an Emperor; —[mahamanya] His Exalted Highness; —[mapakrama] absolute scale; ~[hamsa] the supreme amongst the [samnyasi]s; a liberated soul, one who has attained transcendental existence..—param (परम) is alternatively transliterated as Parama.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Paraṃ (परं) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Param.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adverb] adequately or sufficiently.
2) [adverb] to a considerable extent or degree.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+574): Param-aditya-bhakta, Parama, Parama-bhagavata, Parama-bhagavati-bhakta, Parama-brahmanya, Parama-daivata, Parama-daivata-adhidaivata, Parama-devata-adhidaivata, Parama-guru-daivata-adhidaivata-vishesha, Parama-guru-devata-adhidaivata-vishesha, Parama-lathagata, Parama-maheshvara, Parama-narasimha, Parama-pashupata-acarya, Parama-saugata, Parama-saura, Parama-svamin, Parama-upasaka, Parama-upasika, Parama-vaishnava.
Ends with: Aparam, Aparaparam, Atahparam, Avaraparam, Chapparam, Itahparam, Parahparam, Paramparam, Parasparam, Purvaparam, Tato-param, Tatoparam, Tillai-Citamparam, Uparam, Utparaparam, Vyuparam, Yathaparam.
Full-text (+355): Para, Paramita, Atas, Avaraparam, Tadanantara, Tatas, Paramparyopadesha, Paramparam, Paramparyagata, Paramparyaprakarana, Paramparyena, Paramparyakramagata, Utparaparam, Yogaparamga, Atahparam, Yathaparam, Parakaroti, Paramparaya, Samspardh, Paramparatas.
Search found 107 books and stories containing Param, Paraṃ, Pāraṃ, Pāram; (plurals include: Params, Paraṃs, Pāraṃs, Pārams). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 8.19.34 < [Sukta 19]
Rig Veda 7.60.7 < [Sukta 60]
Rig Veda 1.121.13 < [Sukta 121]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Introduction (definition and characteristics of the perfections, pāramī) < [Chapter 6 - On Pāramitā]
Addenda: Bāvarī the Brahmin Teacher (continued) < [Chapter 43 - Forty-one Arahat-Mahatheras and their Respective Etadagga titles]
Part 2 - The two forms of Pāṭimokkha < [Chapter 16 - The arrival of Upatissa and Kolita]
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 2.37 - Subtle bodies (sūkṣma) < [Chapter 2 - Category of the Living]
Verse 6.9 - The non-living substratum (ajīva-adhikaraṇa) < [Chapter 6 - Influx of Karmas]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verses 10.12-13 < [Chapter 10 - Vibhūti-yoga (appreciating the opulences of the Supreme Lord)]
Verse 4.4 < [Chapter 4 - Jñāna-Yoga (Yoga through Transcendental Knowledge)]
Verse 11.38 < [Chapter 11 - Viśvarūpa-darśana-yoga (beholding the Lord’s Universal Form)]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Text 19 < [Chapter 2 - Dvitīya-yāma-sādhana (Prātaḥ-kālīya-bhajana)]
Text 11 < [Chapter 1 - Prathama-yāma-sādhana (Niśānta-bhajana–śraddhā)]
Text 19 < [Chapter 1 - Prathama-yāma-sādhana (Niśānta-bhajana–śraddhā)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)