Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.253.50

जातपक्षा यदा ते च गताश्चारीमितस्ततः ।
मन्यमानस्ततो धर्मं चटकप्रभवं द्विज ।
खे वाचं त्वमथाश्रौषीर्मां प्रति द्विजसत्तम ॥ ५० ॥

jātapakṣā yadā te ca gatāścārīmitastataḥ |
manyamānastato dharmaṃ caṭakaprabhavaṃ dvija |
khe vācaṃ tvamathāśrauṣīrmāṃ prati dvijasattama || 50 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...favourably disposed towards me without delay?' While reflecting in this strain with a cool mind, he beheld stationed before him that retainer of the deities, viz., the Cloud called Kundadhara. As soon as he...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.253.50). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Jatapaksha, Yada, Yad, Tad, Yushmad, Gata, Cari, Itastatah, Itastatas, Manyamana, Tatah, Tata, Dharma, Cataka, Prabhava, Dvija, Kha, Vac, Vaca, Tva, Atha, Asmad, Prati, Dvijasattama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.253.50). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jātapakṣā yadā te ca gatāścārīmitastataḥ
  • jātapakṣā* -
  • jātapakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    jātapakṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatāś -
  • gata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • cārīm -
  • cārī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • itastataḥ -
  • itastataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    itastatas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “manyamānastato dharmaṃ caṭakaprabhavaṃ dvija
  • manyamānas -
  • man -> manyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √man class 4 verb], [nominative single from √man class 8 verb]
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • caṭaka -
  • caṭaka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prabhavam -
  • prabhava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    prabhava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prabhavā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    prabhavan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    prabhavan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
  • dvija -
  • dvija (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dvija (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 3: “khe vācaṃ tvamathāśrauṣīrmāṃ prati dvijasattama
  • khe -
  • kha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    khā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vācam -
  • vācā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vāca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāc (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • athā -
  • athā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • aśrauṣīr -
  • śru (verb class 5)
    [aorist active second single]
  • mām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative single]
  • prati -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • dvijasattama -
  • dvijasattama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.253.50

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.253.50 in Kannada sript:
ಜಾತಪಕ್ಷಾ ಯದಾ ತೇ ಚ ಗತಾಶ್ಚಾರೀಮಿತಸ್ತತಃ ।
ಮನ್ಯಮಾನಸ್ತತೋ ಧರ್ಮಂ ಚಟಕಪ್ರಭವಂ ದ್ವಿಜ ।
ಖೇ ವಾಚಂ ತ್ವಮಥಾಶ್ರೌಷೀರ್ಮಾಂ ಪ್ರತಿ ದ್ವಿಜಸತ್ತಮ ॥ ೫೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.253.50 in Bengali sript:
জাতপক্ষা যদা তে চ গতাশ্চারীমিতস্ততঃ ।
মন্যমানস্ততো ধর্মং চটকপ্রভবং দ্বিজ ।
খে বাচং ত্বমথাশ্রৌষীর্মাং প্রতি দ্বিজসত্তম ॥ ৫০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.253.50 in Gujarati sript:
જાતપક્ષા યદા તે ચ ગતાશ્ચારીમિતસ્તતઃ ।
મન્યમાનસ્તતો ધર્મં ચટકપ્રભવં દ્વિજ ।
ખે વાચં ત્વમથાશ્રૌષીર્માં પ્રતિ દ્વિજસત્તમ ॥ ૫૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.253.50 in Malayalam sript:
ജാതപക്ഷാ യദാ തേ ച ഗതാശ്ചാരീമിതസ്തതഃ ।
മന്യമാനസ്തതോ ധര്മം ചടകപ്രഭവം ദ്വിജ ।
ഖേ വാചം ത്വമഥാശ്രൌഷീര്മാം പ്രതി ദ്വിജസത്തമ ॥ ൫൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.253.50 in Telugu sript:
జాతపక్షా యదా తే చ గతాశ్చారీమితస్తతః ।
మన్యమానస్తతో ధర్మం చటకప్రభవం ద్విజ ।
ఖే వాచం త్వమథాశ్రౌషీర్మాం ప్రతి ద్విజసత్తమ ॥ ౫౦ ॥

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: