Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.217.53

पूर्वाह्णमपराह्णं च मध्याह्नमपि चापरे ।
मुहूर्तमपि चैवाहुरेकं सन्तमनेकधा ।
तं कालमवजानीहि यस्य सर्वमिदं वशे ॥ ५३ ॥

pūrvāhṇamaparāhṇaṃ ca madhyāhnamapi cāpare |
muhūrtamapi caivāhurekaṃ santamanekadhā |
taṃ kālamavajānīhi yasya sarvamidaṃ vaśe || 53 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...latter, however, are superior to the former. Bipeds, again are of two species, viz., those that live on land and those that are otherwise. Of these, the former are superior to the latter. The superior ones eat...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.217.53). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Purvahna, Aparahna, Madhyahna, Api, Capa, Muhurta, Ahura, Kah, Sat, Santa, Anekadha, Kalam, Kala, Ava, Yasya, Yah, Yat, Sarvam, Sarva, Idam, Vasha, Vashi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.217.53). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pūrvāhṇamaparāhṇaṃ ca madhyāhnamapi cāpare
  • pūrvāhṇam -
  • pūrvāhṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • aparāhṇam -
  • aparāhṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • madhyāhnam -
  • madhyāhna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • cāpa -
  • cāpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cāpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • re -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    ra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “muhūrtamapi caivāhurekaṃ santamanekadhā
  • muhūrtam -
  • muhūrta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    muhūrtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aivā -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ahure -
  • ahura (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • kam -
  • ka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • santam -
  • sat (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    santa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sam -> santa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √sam class 1 verb]
    sam -> santa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √sam class 1 verb], [accusative single from √sam class 1 verb]
  • anekadhā -
  • anekadhā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 3: “taṃ kālamavajānīhi yasya sarvamidaṃ vaśe
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • kālam -
  • kālam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ava -
  • ava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    av (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    u (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    ava (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • jānīhi -
  • jñā (verb class 9)
    [imperative active second single]
  • yasya -
  • yasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yas -> yasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yas]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yas (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vaśe -
  • vaśa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vaśa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vaśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vaśi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    vaśi (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.217.53

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.217.53 in Kannada sript:
ಪೂರ್ವಾಹ್ಣಮಪರಾಹ್ಣಂ ಚ ಮಧ್ಯಾಹ್ನಮಪಿ ಚಾಪರೇ ।
ಮುಹೂರ್ತಮಪಿ ಚೈವಾಹುರೇಕಂ ಸನ್ತಮನೇಕಧಾ ।
ತಂ ಕಾಲಮವಜಾನೀಹಿ ಯಸ್ಯ ಸರ್ವಮಿದಂ ವಶೇ ॥ ೫೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.217.53 in Bengali sript:
পূর্বাহ্ণমপরাহ্ণং চ মধ্যাহ্নমপি চাপরে ।
মুহূর্তমপি চৈবাহুরেকং সন্তমনেকধা ।
তং কালমবজানীহি যস্য সর্বমিদং বশে ॥ ৫৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.217.53 in Gujarati sript:
પૂર્વાહ્ણમપરાહ્ણં ચ મધ્યાહ્નમપિ ચાપરે ।
મુહૂર્તમપિ ચૈવાહુરેકં સન્તમનેકધા ।
તં કાલમવજાનીહિ યસ્ય સર્વમિદં વશે ॥ ૫૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.217.53 in Malayalam sript:
പൂര്വാഹ്ണമപരാഹ്ണം ച മധ്യാഹ്നമപി ചാപരേ ।
മുഹൂര്തമപി ചൈവാഹുരേകം സന്തമനേകധാ ।
തം കാലമവജാനീഹി യസ്യ സര്വമിദം വശേ ॥ ൫൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.217.53 in Telugu sript:
పూర్వాహ్ణమపరాహ్ణం చ మధ్యాహ్నమపి చాపరే ।
ముహూర్తమపి చైవాహురేకం సన్తమనేకధా ।
తం కాలమవజానీహి యస్య సర్వమిదం వశే ॥ ౫౩ ॥

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