Kalam: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Kalam means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kalam in the Marathi language is the name of a plant identified with Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth. from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family. For the possible medicinal usage of kalam, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kalam.—(EI 28), a grain measure. Note: kalam is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas (history)

Kalam (कलम्) equals 3 Tūṇi and represents a unit of measurement used in Medieval Temple Inscriptions.—Remuneration had several components. One main component was daily allowance of paddy or rice. This was measured out in various measures [viz., 1 Kalam equals 3 Tūṇi].

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kalam in India is the name of a plant defined with Acalypha fruticosa in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Ricinocarpus fruticosus (Forssk.) Kuntze.

2) Kalam is also identified with Indigofera tinctoria It has the synonym Indigofera tinctoria Lunan (etc.).

3) Kalam is also identified with Mitragyna parvifolia It has the synonym Nauclea parvifolia Roxb. (etc.).

4) Kalam is also identified with Strychnos nux-vomica It has the synonym Strychnos ligustrina Blume (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1992)
· Species Plantarum (1798)
· International Journal of Oncology (2009)
· Der Gesellsschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, neue Schriften (1803)
· Lloydia (1973)
· Indigofera (1768)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kalam, for example chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kālam (कालम्):—[from kāla] ind. for a certain time (e.g. mahāntaṃ kālam, for a long time, [Pañcatantra])

2) [v.s. ...] nitya-k, constantly, always, [Manu-smṛti ii, 58 and 73]

3) [v.s. ...] dīrgha-k, during a long time, [Manu-smṛti viii, 145]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kalam in Hindi refers in English to:—[[kalama]] (nf) a pen; a painter’s brush; a school or style of painting; graft; cutting, chopping; the growth of hair on man’s temples; ~[kasai] a hack-writer; one who practises butchery through one’s pen, one who misdirects or propagates ignorance through one’s writings; ~[kari] engraving, painting with a brush; ~[dana] a pen and ink case; pentray, penstand; ~[bamda] penned, put into black and white, reduced to writing, written; •[karana] to write down, to record in writing; hence [kalamabamdi] (nf); —[karana] to chop off, to cut; to prune; —[ka dhani] a master of the art of writing; —[ghasitana] to scrible; —[ghisana] to write insignificant things/ineffectively; —[calana] to write; [cumana] lit. to kiss one’s pen —to immensely like an expression, to be all praise for (one’s writing); —[todana] to work wonders in (one’s) writing; to write amazingly well; —[pherana] to strike out or delete what is written; —[mem jadu hona] to work wonders with the pen;—[mem jora hona] to wield the pen effectively..—kalam (कलम) is alternatively transliterated as Kalama.

2) Kalāṃ (कलां):—(a) large, larger; big, bigger; elder.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kalaṃ (ಕಲಂ):—

1) [noun] any of various writing instrument; a pen.

2) [noun] a device having bristles, hairs fastened into a hard back, with a handle attached, used for painting; a brush.

3) [noun] a characteristic way of painting with a brush.

4) [noun] the act or process of inserting a bud or shoot of a plant into the stem or trunk of another for purpose of grafting; graft.

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Kalaṃ (ಕಲಂ):—[noun] a numbered paragraph of a writing, a law, etc.; a section.

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Kalaṃ (ಕಲಂ):—[noun] the large, deciduous tree Stephegyne parviflora (= Mitragyna parviflora) of Rubiaceae family.

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Kālaṃ (ಕಾಲಂ):—[noun] a column a) a vertical row or list; b) any of the vertical sections of printed matter that are side by side on a page, separated by a rule or blank space.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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