Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 8.19.7

ते वध्यमानाः समरे नाजहुः पाण्डवं तदा ।
दह्यमाना यथा राजञ्शलभा इव पावकम् ॥ ७ ॥

te vadhyamānāḥ samare nājahuḥ pāṇḍavaṃ tadā |
dahyamānā yathā rājañśalabhā iva pāvakam || 7 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...then by every means like Brahma protecting Mahesvara. Even as he of Vrishni’s race protects by every means the son of Pandu in all dangers, do you, O chief of the Madras, protect the son of Radha today. Bhishma...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (8.19.7). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Yushmad, Vadhya, Ana, Samara, Nri, Pandava, Tada, Mana, Yatha, Rajan, Rajat, Shalabha, Iva, Pavaka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 8.19.7). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “te vadhyamānāḥ samare nājahuḥ pāṇḍavaṃ tadā
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • vadhyam -
  • vadhya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vadhya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vadhyā (noun, feminine)
  • ānāḥ -
  • āna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • samare -
  • samara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ajahuḥ -
  • (verb class 3)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • pāṇḍavam -
  • pāṇḍava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pāṇḍava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “dahyamānā yathā rājañśalabhā iva pāvakam
  • dahya -
  • dah -> dahya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dah]
  • mānā* -
  • māna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    man -> māna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √man class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √man class 4 verb], [nominative plural from √man class 8 verb], [vocative plural from √man class 8 verb]
    man -> mānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √man class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √man class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √man class 4 verb], [nominative plural from √man class 8 verb], [vocative plural from √man class 8 verb], [accusative plural from √man class 8 verb]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • rājañś -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • śalabhā* -
  • śalabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śalabhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • pāvakam -
  • pāvaka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pāvaka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pāvakā (noun, feminine)

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 8.19.7

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 8.19.7 in Kannada sript:
ತೇ ವಧ್ಯಮಾನಾಃ ಸಮರೇ ನಾಜಹುಃ ಪಾಣ್ಡವಂ ತದಾ ।
ದಹ್ಯಮಾನಾ ಯಥಾ ರಾಜಞ್ಶಲಭಾ ಇವ ಪಾವಕಮ್ ॥ ೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 8.19.7 in Bengali sript:
তে বধ্যমানাঃ সমরে নাজহুঃ পাণ্ডবং তদা ।
দহ্যমানা যথা রাজঞ্শলভা ইব পাবকম্ ॥ ৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 8.19.7 in Gujarati sript:
તે વધ્યમાનાઃ સમરે નાજહુઃ પાણ્ડવં તદા ।
દહ્યમાના યથા રાજઞ્શલભા ઇવ પાવકમ્ ॥ ૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 8.19.7 in Malayalam sript:
തേ വധ്യമാനാഃ സമരേ നാജഹുഃ പാണ്ഡവം തദാ ।
ദഹ്യമാനാ യഥാ രാജഞ്ശലഭാ ഇവ പാവകമ് ॥ ൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 8.19.7 in Telugu sript:
తే వధ్యమానాః సమరే నాజహుః పాణ్డవం తదా ।
దహ్యమానా యథా రాజఞ్శలభా ఇవ పావకమ్ ॥ ౭ ॥

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