Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

saṃjaya uvāca |
śvetāśvo'pi mahārāja vyadhamattāvakaṃ balam |
yathā vāyuḥ samāsādya tūlarāśiṃ samantataḥ || 1 ||
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pratyudyayustrigartāstaṃ śibayaḥ kauravaiḥ saha |
śālvāḥ saṃśaptakāścaiva nārāyaṇabalaṃ ca yat || 2 ||
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satyasenaḥ satyakīrtirmitradevaḥ śrutaṃjayaḥ |
sauśrutiścitrasenaśca mitravarmā ca bhārata || 3 ||
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trigartarājaḥ samare bhrātṛbhiḥ parivāritaḥ |
putraiścaiva maheṣvāsairnānāśastradharairyudhi || 4 ||
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te sṛjantaḥ śaravrātānkiranto'rjunamāhave |
abhyadravanta samare vāryoghā iva sāgaram || 5 ||
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te tvarjunaṃ samāsādya yodhāḥ śatasahasraśaḥ |
agacchanvilayaṃ sarve tārkṣyaṃ dṛṣṭveva pannagāḥ || 6 ||
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te vadhyamānāḥ samare nājahuḥ pāṇḍavaṃ tadā |
dahyamānā yathā rājañśalabhā iva pāvakam || 7 ||
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satyasenastribhirbāṇairvivyādha yudhi pāṇḍavam |
mitradevastriṣaṣṭyā ca candradevaśca saptabhiḥ || 8 ||
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mitravarmā trisaptatyā sauśrutiścāpi pañcabhiḥ |
śatruṃjayaśca viṃśatyā suśarmā navabhiḥ śaraiḥ || 9 ||
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śatruṃjayaṃ ca rājānaṃ hatvā tatra śilāśitaiḥ |
sauśruteḥ saśirastrāṇaṃ śiraḥ kāyādapāharat |
tvaritaścandradevaṃ ca śarairninye yamakṣayam || 10 ||
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athetarānmahārāja yatamānānmahārathān |
pañcabhiḥ pañcabhirbāṇairekaikaṃ pratyavārayat || 11 ||
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satyasenastu saṃkruddhastomaraṃ vyasṛjanmahat |
samuddiśya raṇe kṛṣṇaṃ siṃhanādaṃ nanāda ca || 12 ||
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sa nirbhidya bhujaṃ savyaṃ mādhavasya mahātmanaḥ |
ayasmayo mahācaṇḍo jagāma dharaṇīṃ tadā || 13 ||
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mādhavasya tu viddhasya tomareṇa mahāraṇe |
pratodaḥ prāpataddhastādraśmayaśca viśāṃ pate || 14 ||
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sa pratodaṃ punargṛhya raśmīṃścaiva mahāyaśāḥ |
vāhayāmāsa tānaśvānsatyasenarathaṃ prati || 15 ||
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viṣvaksenaṃ tu nirbhinnaṃ prekṣya pārtho dhanaṃjayaḥ |
satyasenaṃ śaraistīkṣṇairdārayitvā mahābalaḥ || 16 ||
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tataḥ suniśitairbāṇai rājñastasya mahacchiraḥ |
kuṇḍalopacitaṃ kāyāccakarta pṛtanāntare || 17 ||
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taṃ nihatya śitairbāṇairmitravarmāṇamākṣipat |
vatsadantena tīkṣṇena sārathiṃ cāsya māriṣa || 18 ||
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tataḥ śaraśatairbhūyaḥ saṃśaptakagaṇānvaśī |
pātayāmāsa saṃkruddhaḥ śataśo'tha sahasraśaḥ || 19 ||
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tato rajatapuṅkhena rājñaḥ śīrṣaṃ mahātmanaḥ |
mitradevasya ciccheda kṣurapreṇa mahāyaśāḥ |
suśarmāṇaṃ ca saṃkruddho jatrudeśe samārdayat || 20 ||
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tataḥ saṃśaptakāḥ sarve parivārya dhanaṃjayam |
śastraughairmamṛduḥ kruddhā nādayanto diśo daśa || 21 ||
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abhyarditastu tairjiṣṇuḥ śakratulyaparākramaḥ |
aindramastramameyātmā prāduścakre mahārathaḥ |
tataḥ śarasahasrāṇi prādurāsanviśāṃ pate || 22 ||
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dhvajānāṃ chidyamānānāṃ kārmukāṇāṃ ca saṃyuge |
rathānāṃ sapatākānāṃ tūṇīrāṇāṃ śaraiḥ saha || 23 ||
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akṣāṇāmatha yoktrāṇāṃ cakrāṇāṃ raśmibhiḥ saha |
kūbarāṇāṃ varūthānāṃ pṛṣatkānāṃ ca saṃyuge || 24 ||
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aśmanāṃ patatāṃ caiva prāsānāmṛṣṭibhiḥ saha |
gadānāṃ parighāṇāṃ ca śaktīnāṃ tomaraiḥ saha || 25 ||
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śataghnīnāṃ sacakrāṇāṃ bhujānāmūrubhiḥ saha |
kaṇṭhasūtrāṅgadānāṃ ca keyūrāṇāṃ ca māriṣa || 26 ||
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hārāṇāmatha niṣkāṇāṃ tanutrāṇāṃ ca bhārata |
chatrāṇāṃ vyajanānāṃ ca śirasāṃ mukuṭaiḥ saha |
aśrūyata mahāñśabdastatra tatra viśāṃ pate || 27 ||
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sakuṇḍalāni svakṣīṇi pūrṇacandranibhāni ca |
śirāṃsyurvyāmadṛśyanta tārāgaṇa ivāmbare || 28 ||
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susragvīṇi suvāsāṃsi candanenokṣitāni ca |
śarīrāṇi vyadṛśyanta hatānāṃ ca mahītale |
gandharvanagarākāraṃ ghoramāyodhanaṃ tadā || 29 ||
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nihatai rājaputraiśca kṣatriyaiśca mahābalaiḥ |
hastibhiḥ patitaiścaiva turagaiścābhavanmahī |
agamyamārgā samare viśīrṇairiva parvataiḥ || 30 ||
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nāsīccakrapathaścaiva pāṇḍavasya mahātmanaḥ |
nighnataḥ śātravānbhallairhastyaśvaṃ cāmitaṃ mahat || 31 ||
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ā tumbādavasīdanti rathacakrāṇi māriṣa |
raṇe vicaratastasya tasmiṃllohitakardame || 32 ||
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sīdamānāni cakrāṇi samūhusturagā bhṛśam |
śrameṇa mahatā yuktā manomārutaraṃhasaḥ || 33 ||
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vadhyamānaṃ tu tatsainyaṃ pāṇḍuputreṇa dhanvinā |
prāyaśo vimukhaṃ sarvaṃ nāvatiṣṭhata saṃyuge || 34 ||
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tāñjitvā samare jiṣṇuḥ saṃśaptakagaṇānbahūn |
rarāja sa mahārāja vidhūmo'gniriva jvalan || 35 ||
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yudhiṣṭhiraṃ mahārāja visṛjantaṃ śarānbahūn |
svayaṃ duryodhano rājā pratyagṛhṇādabhītavat || 36 ||
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tamāpatantaṃ sahasā tava putraṃ mahābalam |
dharmarājo drutaṃ viddhvā tiṣṭha tiṣṭheti cābravīt || 37 ||
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sa ca taṃ prativivyādha navabhirniśitaiḥ śaraiḥ |
sārathiṃ cāsya bhallena bhṛśaṃ kruddho'bhyatāḍayat || 38 ||
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tato yudhiṣṭhiro rājā hemapuṅkhāñśilīmukhān |
duryodhanāya cikṣepa trayodaśa śilāśitān || 39 ||
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caturbhiścaturo vāhāṃstasya hatvā mahārathaḥ |
pañcamena śiraḥ kāyātsārathestu samākṣipat || 40 ||
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ṣaṣṭhena ca dhvajaṃ rājñaḥ saptamena ca kārmukam |
aṣṭamena tathā khaḍgaṃ pātayāmāsa bhūtale |
pañcabhirnṛpatiṃ cāpi dharmarājo'rdayadbhṛśam || 41 ||
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hatāśvāttu rathāttasmādavaplutya sutastava |
uttamaṃ vyasanaṃ prāpto bhūmāveva vyatiṣṭhata || 42 ||
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taṃ tu kṛcchragataṃ dṛṣṭvā karṇadrauṇikṛpādayaḥ |
abhyavartanta sahitāḥ parīpsanto narādhipam || 43 ||
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atha pāṇḍusutāḥ sarve parivārya yudhiṣṭhiram |
abhyayuḥ samare rājaṃstato yuddhamavartata || 44 ||
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atha tūryasahasrāṇi prāvādyanta mahāmṛdhe |
kṣveḍāḥ kilakilāśabdāḥ prādurāsanmahīpate |
yadabhyagacchansamare pāñcālāḥ kauravaiḥ saha || 45 ||
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narā naraiḥ samājagmurvāraṇā varavāraṇaiḥ |
rathāśca rathibhiḥ sārdhaṃ hayāśca hayasādibhiḥ || 46 ||
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dvaṃdvānyāsanmahārāja prekṣaṇīyāni saṃyuge |
vismāpanānyacintyāni śastravantyuttamāni ca || 47 ||
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ayudhyanta mahāvegāḥ parasparavadhaiṣiṇaḥ |
anyonyaṃ samare jaghnuryodhavratamanuṣṭhitāḥ |
na hi te samaraṃ cakruḥ pṛṣṭhato vai kathaṃcana || 48 ||
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muhūrtameva tadyuddhamāsīnmadhuradarśanam |
tata unmattavadrājannirmaryādamavartata || 49 ||
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rathī nāgaṃ samāsādya vicaranraṇamūrdhani |
preṣayāmāsa kālāya śaraiḥ saṃnataparvabhiḥ || 50 ||
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nāgā hayānsamāsādya vikṣipanto bahūnatha |
drāvayāmāsuratyugrāstatra tatra tadā tadā || 51 ||
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vidrāvya ca bahūnaśvānnāgā rājanbalotkaṭāḥ |
viṣāṇaiścāpare jaghnurmamṛduścāpare bhṛśam || 52 ||
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sāśvārohāṃśca turagānviṣāṇairbibhidū raṇe |
aparāṃścikṣipurvegātpragṛhyātibalāstathā || 53 ||
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pādātairāhatā nāgā vivareṣu samantataḥ |
cakrurārtasvaraṃ ghoraṃ vyadravanta diśo daśa || 54 ||
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padātīnāṃ tu sahasā pradrutānāṃ mahāmṛdhe |
utsṛjyābharaṇaṃ tūrṇamavaplutya raṇājire || 55 ||
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nimittaṃ manyamānāstu pariṇamya mahāgajāḥ |
jagṛhurbibhiduścaiva citrāṇyābharaṇāni ca || 56 ||
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pratimāneṣu kumbheṣu dantaveṣṭeṣu cāpare |
nigṛhītā bhṛśaṃ nāgāḥ prāsatomaraśaktibhiḥ || 57 ||
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nigṛhya ca gadāḥ kecitpārśvasthairbhṛśadāruṇaiḥ |
rathāśvasādibhistatra saṃbhinnā nyapatanbhuvi || 58 ||
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sarathaṃ sādinaṃ tatra apare tu mahāgajāḥ |
bhūmāvamṛdnanvegena savarmāṇaṃ patākinam || 59 ||
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rathaṃ nāgāḥ samāsādya dhuri gṛhya ca māriṣa |
vyākṣipansahasā tatra ghorarūpe mahāmṛdhe || 60 ||
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nārācairnihataścāpi nipapāta mahāgajaḥ |
parvatasyeva śikharaṃ vajrabhagnaṃ mahītale || 61 ||
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yodhā yodhānsamāsādya muṣṭibhirvyahananyudhi |
keśeṣvanyonyamākṣipya cicchidurbibhiduḥ saha || 62 ||
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udyamya ca bhujāvanyo nikṣipya ca mahītale |
padā coraḥ samākramya sphurato vyahanacchiraḥ || 63 ||
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mṛtamanyo mahārāja padbhyāṃ tāḍitavāṃstadā |
jīvataśca tathaivānyaḥ śastraṃ kāye nyamajjayat || 64 ||
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muṣṭiyuddhaṃ mahaccāsīdyodhānāṃ tatra bhārata |
tathā keśagrahaścogro bāhuyuddhaṃ ca kevalam || 65 ||
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samāsaktasya cānyena avijñātastathāparaḥ |
jahāra samare prāṇānnānāśastrairanekadhā || 66 ||
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saṃsakteṣu ca yodheṣu vartamāne ca saṃkule |
kabandhānyutthitāni sma śataśo'tha sahasraśaḥ || 67 ||
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lohitaiḥ sicyamānāni śastrāṇi kavacāni ca |
mahāraṅgānuraktāni vastrāṇīva cakāśire || 68 ||
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evametanmahāyuddhaṃ dāruṇaṃ bhṛśasaṃkulam |
unmattaraṅgapratimaṃ śabdenāpūrayajjagat || 69 ||
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naiva sve na pare rājanvijñāyante śarāturāḥ |
yoddhavyamiti yudhyante rājāno jayagṛddhinaḥ || 70 ||
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svānsve jaghnurmahārāja parāṃścaiva samāgatān |
ubhayoḥ senayorvīrairvyākulaṃ samapadyata || 71 ||
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rathairbhagnairmahārāja vāraṇaiśca nipātitaiḥ |
hayaiśca patitaistatra naraiśca vinipātitaiḥ || 72 ||
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agamyarūpā pṛthivī māṃsaśoṇitakardamā |
kṣaṇenāsīnmahārāja kṣatajaughapravartinī || 73 ||
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pāñcālānavadhītkarṇastrigartāṃśca dhanaṃjayaḥ |
bhīmasenaḥ kurūnrājanhastyanīkaṃ ca sarvaśaḥ || 74 ||
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evameṣa kṣayo vṛttaḥ kurupāṇḍavasenayoḥ |
aparāhṇe mahārāja kāṅkṣantyorvipulaṃ jayam || 75 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 19

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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