Samara, aka: Sāmara; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Samara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Samara in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Samara (समर).—One of the hundred sons of Pṛthuṣeṇa, a King of the Bharata dynasty (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Samara (समर).—A son of Kāvya; had three sons.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 54.

1b) One of the lineal descendants of Nīpa; capital Kampilya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 176.

1c) A son of Nīla and lord of Kāmpilya; father of three sons, Pāra and two others.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 40-1.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Samara in Katha glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Samara (समर) is the name of a Vidyādhara king from Vīrapura, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 52. Accordingly, as Cāmuṇḍā said to Jīvadatta: “... there is a city on the Himālayas named Vīrapura, and in it there dwells a sovereign of the Vidyādharas named Samara. He had a daughter, named Anaṅgaprabhā, born to him by his Queen Anaṅgavatī”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Samara, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Sāmara (“fan”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The other miscellaneous articles found as attributes in the hands of the deities are, for example, Sāmara.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Samara (समर) is the name of a garden visited by Mahāvīra during his eleventh year of spiritual-exertion.—Moving from Vraja village to Ālambhiyā, Śvetāmbikā, Sāvatthī, Kauśāmbī, Rājagṛha, Vārāṇasī, Mithilā, etc, the Lord arrived at Vaiśālī. Outside the city at the Baladeva temple in the Samara garden, accepting four-months fast, he became meditative and completed the rainy season halt there. Completing the rainy season halt, the Lord reached ‘Suṃsumārapura’.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Samara in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

samara : (nt.) battle.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Samara, (sa+mara) battle Dāvs. IV, 1 (Page 684)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

samara (समर).—m S Battle, fight, conflict.

--- OR ---

sāmara (सामर).—& sāmarī Better sāmbara & sāmbarī.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samara (समर).—m Battle, fight. samarabhūmi f samarāṅgaṇa n A field of battle.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samara (समर).—War, battle, fight: रजांसि समरोत्थानि तच्छोणितनदीष्विव (rajāṃsi samarotthāni tacchoṇitanadīṣviva) R.12.82: कर्णादयोऽपि समरात् पराङ्मुखीभवन्ति (karṇādayo'pi samarāt parāṅmukhībhavanti) Ve.3.

Derivable forms: samaraḥ (समरः), samaram (समरम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 28 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Samarabhumi
Samarabhūmi (समरभूमि).—f. battle-field. Samarabhūmi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Samaragama
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Samaroddesha
Samaroddeśa (समरोद्देश).—f. battle-field. Derivable forms: samaroddeśaḥ (समरोद्देशः).Samaroddeś...
Samaramurdhan
Samaramūrdhan (समरमूर्धन्).—m. Samaramūrdhan is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sam...
Samarasiman
Samarasīman (समरसीमन्).—battlefield.Samarasīman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ...
Samarashiras
Samaraśiras (समरशिरस्).—n. the front or van of battle; समरशिरसि चञ्चत्पञ्चचूडश्चमूनाम् (samaraś...
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Para
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Varanasi
Vārāṇasī (वाराणसी) is the name of an ancient city, according to the first story of the Vet...
Kaushambi
Kausāmbī (कौसाम्बी) or Kosambī was the ancient captial of Vatsa or Vaṃsa: one of the sixteen Ma...
Mithila
Mithilā (मिथिला) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) o...
Vaishali
Vaiśalī is an archaeologically important site dating to the Ganges civilization (1000 BCE).—Nea...
Kampilya
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य) (modern Kampil) is the alleged ancient capitals of Dakṣiṇapañcāla (Norther...
Anangavati
1) Anaṅgavatī (अनङ्गवती) is the wife of king Samara from Vīrapura, as mentioned in the Kathāsar...

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