Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 7.68.66

रथानीकावगाढश्च वारणाश्वशतैर्वृतः ।
सोऽदृश्यत तदा पार्थो घनैः सूर्य इवावृतः ॥ ६६ ॥

rathānīkāvagāḍhaśca vāraṇāśvaśatairvṛtaḥ |
so'dṛśyata tadā pārtho ghanaiḥ sūrya ivāvṛtaḥ || 66 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of the objects of Jayadratha. The array that Bharadvaja’s son formed, part Sakata and part a circle, was full forty-eight miles long and the width of its rear measured twenty miles...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (7.68.66). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Rathanika, Avagadha, Varana, Ashva, Shata, Vrit, Vrita, Sah, Tada, Partha, Ghana, Suri, Surya, Iva, Avrita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 7.68.66). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rathānīkāvagāḍhaśca vāraṇāśvaśatairvṛtaḥ
  • rathānīkā -
  • rathānīka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • avagāḍhaś -
  • avagāḍha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vāraṇā -
  • vāraṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vāraṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vāraṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • aśva -
  • aśva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śatair -
  • śata (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • vṛtaḥ -
  • vṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
  • Line 2: “so'dṛśyata tadā pārtho ghanaiḥ sūrya ivāvṛtaḥ
  • so' -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    so (noun, feminine)
  • adṛśyata -
  • dṛś (verb class 1)
    [imperfect passive third single]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • pārtho* -
  • pārtha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ghanaiḥ -
  • ghana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    ghana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sūrya* -
  • sūrī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sūrya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sūr -> sūrya (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sūr class 4 verb], [nominative single from √sūr class 10 verb]
  • ivā -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
  • avṛtaḥ -
  • avṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛt (verb class 1)
    [aorist active second single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 7.68.66

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 7.68.66 in Kannada sript:
ರಥಾನೀಕಾವಗಾಢಶ್ಚ ವಾರಣಾಶ್ವಶತೈರ್ವೃತಃ ।
ಸೋಽದೃಶ್ಯತ ತದಾ ಪಾರ್ಥೋ ಘನೈಃ ಸೂರ್ಯ ಇವಾವೃತಃ ॥ ೬೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 7.68.66 in Bengali sript:
রথানীকাবগাঢশ্চ বারণাশ্বশতৈর্বৃতঃ ।
সোঽদৃশ্যত তদা পার্থো ঘনৈঃ সূর্য ইবাবৃতঃ ॥ ৬৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 7.68.66 in Gujarati sript:
રથાનીકાવગાઢશ્ચ વારણાશ્વશતૈર્વૃતઃ ।
સોઽદૃશ્યત તદા પાર્થો ઘનૈઃ સૂર્ય ઇવાવૃતઃ ॥ ૬૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 7.68.66 in Malayalam sript:
രഥാനീകാവഗാഢശ്ച വാരണാശ്വശതൈര്വൃതഃ ।
സോഽദൃശ്യത തദാ പാര്ഥോ ഘനൈഃ സൂര്യ ഇവാവൃതഃ ॥ ൬൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 7.68.66 in Telugu sript:
రథానీకావగాఢశ్చ వారణాశ్వశతైర్వృతః ।
సోఽదృశ్యత తదా పార్థో ఘనైః సూర్య ఇవావృతః ॥ ౬౬ ॥

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