Suri, Śūri, Shuri, Sūri, Sūrī: 13 definitions
Suri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śūri can be transliterated into English as Suri or Shuri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Śūri (शूरि).—A name of Kṛṣṇa born to Devaki.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 15.
2) Sūri (सूरि).—The last son of Śivadatta.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 35. 13.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra
Sūri (सूरि) refers to an archaic designation of an ancient Bhakti cult.—At the time of their composition, many texts from the various sects who saw Viṣṇu as the highest god were not grouped under a common term, like Vaiṣṇava, as we are used to grouping them. Banerjea asserts that the Pādma Tantra says (in Banerjea’s translation): “Sūri, Suhṛt, Bhāgavata, Sātvata, Pañcakālavit, Ekāntika, Tanmaya and Pāñcarātrika are different designations of this Bhakti cult”. Banerjea also points out that the term Vaiṣṇava is absent.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts
Sūri (सूरि).—In the Śvetambara Jain tradition when a monk is deemed by his elders to be spiritually eligible to receive the rank of a pontiff (sūri), the title is bequeathed upon him in an initiation ceremony performed in the presence of the four-fold order of the Jain community (monks, nuns, laymen and laywoman). The guru whispers a mantra (magical incantation) in his right ear signifying that he has now attained the position of a sūri.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Sūri.—(EI 9), title of Jain religious teachers; often used as their name-ending. Note: sūri is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
surī (सुरी).—f (churī S through H) A knife. Pr. ghē surī āṇi ghāla urīṃ.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
surī (सुरी).—f A knife.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) The sun.
2) A learned or wise man, a sage; अथवा कृतवाग्द्वारे वंशेऽस्मिन् पूर्वसूरिभिः (athavā kṛtavāgdvāre vaṃśe'smin pūrvasūribhiḥ) R.1.4; Śi.14.21; Bhāg.1.1.1.
3) A priest.
4) A worshipper.
5) A title or respect given to Jaina teachers; e. g. मल्लिनाथसूरि (mallināthasūri).
6) Name of Kṛsna.
7) Name of Bṛhaspati.
Derivable forms: sūriḥ (सूरिः).
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1) Name of the wife of the sun.
2) Name of Kuntī, q. v.
3) Black mustard.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sūrī (सूरी).—(unrecorded; compare Pali, AMg. sūra, also Vedic id., sun), sun or ray of light: tāḥ sarvasūrīḥ (mss. surīḥ, surāḥ, meter demands sū-; refers to arciṣāṃ…sahasrakoṭīḥ of prec. verse) punar etya tatra, mūrdhe ca astaṃ gami nāyakasya Sukhāvatīvyūha 51.15 (verse), all those ‘suns’ (Müller, Transl., rays; but note astaṃ-gami; probably the text means to call them suns, by a bold figure) returned there and ‘set’ (went to rest) on the head of the Guide.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-riḥ) 1. A Pandit, a learned man. 2. A title commonly given to Jaina teachers. 3. Krishna. 4. The sun. 5. A priest. 6. A worshipper. E. ṣū to bear, Unadi aff. krin .
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Sūrī (सूरी).—f. (-rī) Name of the wife of the sun.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sūri (सूरि).—i. e. 2. svar + i (or rather curtailed sūrin), m. 1. The sun. 2. A wise man,
Sūri (सूरि).—[masculine] impeller, inciter; sacrifice-master ( = yajamāna q.v.); chief, lord i.[grammar]; a great scholar or sage.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
Sūri (सूरि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Suri (सुरि):—[=su-ri] [from su > su-yaj] See su-rai.
2) Surī (सुरी):—[from sura > sur] f. a goddess, [Naiṣadha-carita; Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]
3) Sūrī (सूरी):—[from sūra > sūr] a f. Name of Kuntī (as married to the Sun before her marriage with Pāṇḍu), [Pāṇini 4-1, 48], [vArttika] 9, [Patañjali]
4) Sūri (सूरि):—[from sūr] 1. sūri m. a learned man, sage (often ifc. after names, [especially] as a title given to Jaina teachers), [Kālidāsa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] Name of Bṛhas-pati (the sage among the gods) or the planet Jupiter, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
6) [v.s. ...] of Kṛṣṇa, [Horace H. Wilson]
7) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]
8) [v.s. ...] = yādava and sūrya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) Sūrī (सूरी):—[from sūri > sūr] b f., [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 64 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
10) Sūri (सूरि):—[from sūra] 2. sūri m. ‘inciter’, the institutor of a sacrifice (= yajamāna in later language), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]
11) [v.s. ...] a lord, chief (also of gods), [Ṛg-veda]
12) Sūrī (सूरी):—[from sūri > sūra] c f., [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]
13) Sūri (सूरि):—[from sūra] 3. sūri m. a presser or extractor of Soma, Soma sacrificer, [Ṛg-veda]
14) a m. ([from] √sṛ; cf. sūrta) a course, path (= saraṇi), [Ṛg-veda i, 141, 8] ([Sāyaṇa])
15) Sūrī (सूरी):—d See f. of 1. sūra and 1. 2. sūri.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Ri.
Starts with (+19): Shurikri, Suri bhatta, Suribhatta, Surideva, Surideva budhenda, Surika, Surikai, Surin, Surinashīrampurnneka, Surinda Vihara, Surindavati, Surindeva, Surisa, Surisamtosha, Surisimha, Suritrana, Suriya, Suriya Sutta, Suriya-uggamana, Suriyadeva.
Ends with (+144): Acyuta suri, Adashuri, Aditya suri, Agnihotra suri, Ahamcandrasuri, Ahobala suri, Alladanatha suri, Anantadeva suri, Anasuri, Aniruddha suri, Appa suri, Asuri, Balabhadra suri, Balasuri, Bamsuri, Bhadreshvara suri, Bhangasuri, Bhaskara suri, Bhatta govinda suri, Bhikambhatta suri.
Full-text (+662): Nitivakyamrita, Somadevasuri, Sakhareci-suri, Mohana sharman, Nisura, Jaisalmer, Mahasuri, Vriddhavadasuri, Surisamtosha, Suribhatta, Sakhareci Suri, Candrasuri, Vishveshvara pandita, Divyasuricarita, Divyasuriprabhavadipika, Mahendra suri, Gunakara suri, Vijaya suri, Malayendu suri, Nayacandra suri.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Suri, Shuri, Su-ri, Śūri, Sūri, Surī, Sūrī; (plurals include: Suris, Shuris, ris, Śūris, Sūris, Surīs, Sūrīs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Part 11 - On cause, non-cause < [Chapter 7]
Part 1 - On the perfection of the monks < [Chapter 5]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 23 - Chemists of the Metallic School: Ananta Deva Suri < [A Brief History of Indian Chemistry and Medicine]
Part 22 - Chemists of the Metallic School: Vagbhata, the junior < [A Brief History of Indian Chemistry and Medicine]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 6: Visit to Sūri Arindama < [Chapter I - Previous incarnation as Vimalavāhana]
Preface to volume 1 < [Prefaces]
Part 3: The eight dreams < [Chapter XIII - Śrī Mahāvīra’s nirvāṇa]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 3 - The Precursors of the Viśiṣṭādvaita Philosophy < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Part 1 - The Aḻagiyas from Nāthamuni to Rāmānuja < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 123-124 < [Chapter 4 - The doctrine of the ‘Thing by Itself’]
Verse 126 < [Chapter 4 - The doctrine of the ‘Thing by Itself’]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 4 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)