Suri, Śūri, Shuri, Sūri, Sūrī: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Suri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śūri can be transliterated into English as Suri or Shuri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śūri (शूरि).—A name of Kṛṣṇa born to Devaki.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 15.

2) Sūri (सूरि).—The last son of Śivadatta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 35. 13.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Sūri (सूरि) refers to an archaic designation of an ancient Bhakti cult.—At the time of their composition, many texts from the various sects who saw Viṣṇu as the highest god were not grouped under a common term, like Vaiṣṇava, as we are used to grouping them. Banerjea asserts that the Pādma Tantra says (in Banerjea’s translation): “Sūri, Suhṛt, Bhāgavata, Sātvata, Pañcakālavit, Ekāntika, Tanmaya and Pāñcarātrika are different designations of this Bhakti cult”. Banerjea also points out that the term Vaiṣṇava is absent.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Sūri (सूरि).—In the Śvetambara Jain tradition when a monk is deemed by his elders to be spiritually eligible to receive the rank of a pontiff (sūri), the title is bequeathed upon him in an initiation ceremony performed in the presence of the four-fold order of the Jain community (monks, nuns, laymen and laywoman). The guru whispers a mantra (magical incantation) in his right ear signifying that he has now attained the position of a sūri.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sūri.—(EI 9), title of Jain religious teachers; often used as their name-ending. Note: sūri is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

surī (सुरी).—f (churī S through H) A knife. Pr. ghē surī āṇi ghāla urīṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

surī (सुरी).—f A knife.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sūri (सूरि).—[sū-krin]

1) The sun.

2) A learned or wise man, a sage; अथवा कृतवाग्द्वारे वंशेऽस्मिन् पूर्वसूरिभिः (athavā kṛtavāgdvāre vaṃśe'smin pūrvasūribhiḥ) R.1.4; Śi.14.21; Bhāg.1.1.1.

3) A priest.

4) A worshipper.

5) A title or respect given to Jaina teachers; e. g. मल्लिनाथसूरि (mallināthasūri).

6) Name of Kṛsna.

7) Name of Bṛhaspati.

Derivable forms: sūriḥ (सूरिः).

--- OR ---

Sūrī (सूरी).—

1) Name of the wife of the sun.

2) Name of Kuntī, q. v.

3) Black mustard.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sūrī (सूरी).—(unrecorded; compare Pali, AMg. sūra, also Vedic id., sun), sun or ray of light: tāḥ sarvasūrīḥ (mss. surīḥ, surāḥ, meter demands sū-; refers to arciṣāṃ…sahasrakoṭīḥ of prec. verse) punar etya tatra, mūrdhe ca astaṃ gami nāyakasya Sukhāvatīvyūha 51.15 (verse), all those ‘suns’ (Müller, Transl., rays; but note astaṃ-gami; probably the text means to call them suns, by a bold figure) returned there and ‘set’ (went to rest) on the head of the Guide.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūri (सूरि).—m.

(-riḥ) 1. A Pandit, a learned man. 2. A title commonly given to Jaina teachers. 3. Krishna. 4. The sun. 5. A priest. 6. A worshipper. E. ṣū to bear, Unadi aff. krin .

--- OR ---

Sūrī (सूरी).—f. (-rī) Name of the wife of the sun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūri (सूरि).—i. e. 2. svar + i (or rather curtailed sūrin), m. 1. The sun. 2. A wise man, Chr. 287, 4 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 4; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 71. 3. A teacher.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sūri (सूरि).—[masculine] impeller, inciter; sacrifice-master ( = yajamāna q.v.); chief, lord i.[grammar]; a great scholar or sage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Sūri (सूरि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suri (सुरि):—[=su-ri] [from su > su-yaj] See su-rai.

2) Surī (सुरी):—[from sura > sur] f. a goddess, [Naiṣadha-carita; Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

3) Sūrī (सूरी):—[from sūra > sūr] a f. Name of Kuntī (as married to the Sun before her marriage with Pāṇḍu), [Pāṇini 4-1, 48], [vArttika] 9, [Patañjali]

4) Sūri (सूरि):—[from sūr] 1. sūri m. a learned man, sage (often ifc. after names, [especially] as a title given to Jaina teachers), [Kālidāsa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Bṛhas-pati (the sage among the gods) or the planet Jupiter, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] of Kṛṣṇa, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] of a poet, [Catalogue(s)]

8) [v.s. ...] = yādava and sūrya, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Sūrī (सूरी):—[from sūri > sūr] b f., [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 64 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

10) Sūri (सूरि):—[from sūra] 2. sūri m. ‘inciter’, the institutor of a sacrifice (= yajamāna in later language), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

11) [v.s. ...] a lord, chief (also of gods), [Ṛg-veda]

12) Sūrī (सूरी):—[from sūri > sūra] c f., [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

13) Sūri (सूरि):—[from sūra] 3. sūri m. a presser or extractor of Soma, Soma sacrificer, [Ṛg-veda]

14) a m. ([from] √sṛ; cf. sūrta) a course, path (= saraṇi), [Ṛg-veda i, 141, 8] ([Sāyaṇa])

15) Sūrī (सूरी):—d See f. of 1. sūra and 1. 2. sūri.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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