Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

बालो ऽपि नावमन्तव्यो मनुष्य इति भूमिपः ।
महती देवता ह्य् एषा नर-रूपेण तिष्ठति ॥ ८२ ॥

bālo 'pi nāvamantavyo manuṣya iti bhūmipaḥ |
mahatī devatā hy eṣā nara-rūpeṇa tiṣṭhati || 82 ||

The English translation of Hitopadesha Verse 2.82 is contained in the book The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita by Satya Narayana dasa. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.82). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bala, Api, Nava, Nau, Anta, Vya, Manushi, Manushya, Iti, Bhumipa, Mahat, Mahati, Esha, Nara, Rupa, Tishthat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Hitopadesha Verse 2.82). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bālo 'pi nāvamantavyo manuṣya iti bhūmipaḥ
  • bālo' -
  • bāla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • nāvam -
  • nāva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nāvā (noun, feminine)
    nau (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • anta -
  • anta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    anta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ant (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vyo* -
  • vya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • manuṣya* -
  • manuṣī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    manuṣya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • bhūmipaḥ -
  • bhūmipa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “mahatī devatā hy eṣā nara-rūpeṇa tiṣṭhati
  • mahatī -
  • mahatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • devatā* -
  • Cannot analyse hy*eṣ
  • eṣā -
  • eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • nara -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rūpeṇa -
  • rūpa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rūpa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tiṣṭhati -
  • sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Verse 2.82

Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

Buy now!
Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

Buy now!

Preview of verse 2.82 in Gujarati sript:
બાલો ઽપિ નાવમન્તવ્યો મનુષ્ય ઇતિ ભૂમિપઃ ।
મહતી દેવતા હ્ય્ એષા નર-રૂપેણ તિષ્ઠતિ ॥ ૮૨ ॥

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