Hitopadesha [sanskrit]

8,857 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Hitopadesha referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Narayana in the 8th century, the Hitopadesha represents a collection of short stories involving human and animal characters, instructing the reader on basic ancient Indian moral values and ethical conduct. Alternative titles: हितोपदेशः, Hitopadeśa, Hitopadesa.

Book 2 - Suhridbheda

(how to lose a friend)

vardhamāno mahān sneho mṛgendra-vṛṣayor vane |
piśunenātilubdhena jambukena vināśitaḥ || 1 ||
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adho 'dhaḥ paśyataḥ kasya mahimā nopacīyate |
upary upari paśyantaḥ sarva eva daridrati || 2 ||
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brahmahāpi naraḥ pūjyo yasyāsti vipulaṃ dhanam |
śaśinas tulya-vaṃśo 'pi nirdhanaḥ paribhūyate || 3 ||
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avyavasāyinam alasaṃ daiva-paraṃ sahasāc ca parihīṇam |
pramadeva hi vṛddha-patiṃ necchaty avagūhituṃ lakṣmīḥ || 4 ||
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ālasyaṃ strī-sevā sa-rogatā janma-bhūmi-vātsalyam |
santoṣo bhīrutvaṃ ṣaḍ vyāghātā mahattvasya || 5 ||
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sampadā susthiraṃ-manyo bhavati svalpayāpi yaḥ |
kṛtakṛtyo vidhir manye na vardhayati tasya tām || 6 ||
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nirutsāhaṃ nirānandaṃ nirvīryam ari-nandanam |
mā sma sīmantinī kācij janayet putram īdṛśam || 7 ||
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alabdhaṃ caiva lipseta labdhaṃ rakṣet prayatnataḥ |
rakṣitaṃ vardhayec caiva vṛddhaṃ pātreṣu nikṣipet || 8 ||
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dhanena kiṃ yo na dadāti nāśnute balena kiṃ yaś ca ripūn na bādhate |
śrutena kiṃ yo na ca dharmam ācaret kim ātmanā yo na jitendriyo bhavet || 9 ||
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jala-bindu-nipātena kramaśaḥ pūryate ghaṭaḥ |
sa hetuḥ sarva-vidyānāṃ dharmasya ca dhanasya ca || 10 ||
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dānopabhoga-rahitā divasā yasya yānti vai |
sa karma-kāra-bhastreva śvasann api na jīvati || 11 ||
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añjanasya kṣayaṃ dṛṣṭvā valmīkasya ca sañcayam |
avandhyaṃ divasaṃ kuryād dānādhyayana-karmabhiḥ || 12 ||
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ko 'tibhāraḥ samarthānāṃ kiṃ dūraṃ vyavasāyinām |
ko videśaḥ savidyānāṃ kaḥ paraḥ priya-vādinām || 13 ||
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karotu nāma nīti-jño vyavasāyam itas tataḥ |
phalaṃ punas tad eva syād yad vidher manasi sthitam || 14 ||
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vismayaḥ sarvathā heyaḥ pratyūhaḥ sarva-karmaṇām |
tasmād vismayam utsṛjya sādhye siddhir vidhīyatām || 15 ||
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nimagnasya payo-rāśau parvatāt patitasya ca |
takṣakeṇāpi daṣṭasya āyur marmāṇi rakṣati || 16 ||
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nākāle miryate jantur viddhaḥ śara-śatair api |
kuśāgreṇaiva saṃspṛṣṭaḥ prāpta-kālo na jīvati || 17 ||
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arakṣitaṃ tiṣṭhati daiva-rakṣitaṃ surakṣitaṃ daiva-hataṃ vinaśyati |
jīvaty anātho 'pi vane visarjitaḥ kṛta-prayatno 'pi gṛhe na jīvati || 18 ||
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nābhiṣeko na saṃskāraḥ siṃhasya kriyate mṛgaiḥ |
vikramārjita-rājyasya svayam eva mṛgendratā || 19 ||
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sevayā dhanam icchadbhiḥ sevakaiḥ paśya yat kṛtam |
svātantryaṃ yac charīrasya mūḍhais tad api hāritam || 20 ||
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śīta-vātātapa-kleśān sahante yān parāśritāḥ |
tad-aṃśenāpi medhāvī tapas taptvā mukhī bhavet || 21 ||
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etāvaj janmasāphalyaṃ dehinām iha dehiṣu |
prāṇair arthair dhiyā vācā śreya evācaret sadā || 22 ||
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ehi gaccha patottiṣṭha vada maunaṃ samācara |
iti vitrasta-sāraṅga-netrayā ko na vañcitaḥ || 23 ||
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abudhair artha-lābhāya paṇya-strībhir iva svayam |
ātmā saṃskṛtya saṃskṛtya paropakaraṇī-kṛtaḥ || 24 ||
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yā prakṛtyaiva capalā nipataty aśucāv api |
svāmino bahu manyante dṛṣṭiṃ tām api sevakāḥ || 25 ||
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maunān mūrkhaḥ pravacana-paṭur bātulo jalpako vā kṣāntyā bhīrur yadi na sahate prāyaśo nābhijātaḥ |
dhṛṣṭaḥ pārśve vasati niyataṃ dūrataś cāpragalbhaḥ sevā-dharmaḥ parama-gahano yoginām apy agamyaḥ || 26 ||
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praṇamaty unnati-hetor jīvita-hetor vimuñcati prāṇān |
duḥkhīyati sukha-hetoḥ ko mūḍhaḥ sevakād anyaḥ || 27 ||
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kathaṃ nāma na sevyante yatnataḥ parameśvarāḥ |
acireṇaiva ye tuṣṭāḥ pūrayanti manorathān || 28 ||
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kutaḥ sevā-vihīnānāṃ cāmaroddhūta-sampadaḥ |
uddaṇḍa-dhavala-cchatraṃ vāji-vāraṇa-vāhinī || 29 ||
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avyāpareṣu vyāpāraṃ yo naraḥ kartum icchati |
sa eva nidhanaṃ yāti kīlotpaṭīva vānaraḥ || 30 ||
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parādhikāra-carcā yaḥ kuryāt svāmi-hitecchayā |
sa viṣīdati cītkārād gardabhas tāḍito yathā || 31 ||
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yācate kārya-kāle yaḥ sa kiṃ-bhṛtyaḥ sa kiṃ-suhṛt |
bhṛtyān sambhāṣayed yas tu kārya-kāle sa kiṃ-prabhuḥ || 32 ||
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āśritānāṃ bhṛtau svāmi-sevāyāṃ dharma-sevane |
putrasyotpādane caiva na santi pratihastakāḥ || 33 ||
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pṛṣṭhataḥ sevayed arkaṃ jaṭhareṇa hutāśanam |
svāminaṃ sarva-bhāvena paralokam amāyayā || 34 ||
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suhṛdām upakāra-kāraṇād dviṣatām apy apakāra-kāraṇāt |
nṛpa-saṃśraya iṣyate budhair jaṭharaṃ ko na bibharti kevalam || 35 ||
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jīvite yasya jīvanti viprā mitrāṇi bāndhavāḥ |
saphalaṃ jīvitaṃ tasya ātmārthe ko na jīvati || 36 ||
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yasmin jīvati jīvanti bahavaḥ sa tu jīvatu |
kāko 'pi kiṃ na kurute cañcvā svodara-pūraṇam || 37 ||
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pañcabhir yāti dāsatvaṃ purāṇaiḥ ko 'pi mānavaḥ |
ko 'pi lakṣaiḥ kṛtī ko 'pi lakṣair api na labhyate || 38 ||
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manuṣya-jātau tulyāyāṃ bhṛtyatvam ati-garhitam |
prathamo yo na tan nāpi sa kiṃ jīvatsu gaṇyate || 39 ||
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vāji-vāraṇa-lohānāṃ kāṣṭha-pāṣāṇa-vāsasām |
nārī-puruṣa-toyānām antaraṃ hada-hantaram || 40 ||
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svalpa-snāyu-vasāvaśeṣa-malinaṃ nirmāṃsam apy asthikaṃ śvā labdhvā paritoṣam eti na bhavet tasya kṣudhaḥ śāntaye |
siṃho jambukam aṅkam āgatam api tyaktvā nihanti dvipaṃ sarvaḥ kṛcchra-gato 'pi vāñchati janaḥ sattvānurūpaṃ phalam || 41 ||
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lāṅgūla-cālanam adhaś caraṇāvapātaṃ bhūmau nipatya vadanodara-darśanaṃ ca |
śvā piṇḍadasya kurute gaja-puṅgavas tu dhīraṃ vilokayati cāṭu-śataiś ca bhuṅkte || 42 ||
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yaj jīvyate kṣaṇam api prathitaṃ manuṣyair vijñāna-vikrama-yaśobhir abhajyamānam |
tan nāma jīvitam iha pravadanti taj-jñāḥ kāko 'pi jīvati cirāya baliṃ ca bhuṅkte || 43 ||
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yo nātmaje na ca gurau na ca bhṛtya-varge dīne dayāṃ na kurute na ca bandhu-varge |
kiṃ tasya jīvita-phalena manuṣya-loke kāko 'pi jīvati cirāya baliṃ ca bhuṅkte || 44 ||
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ahita-hita-vicāra-śūnya-buddheḥ śruti-samayair bahubhir bahiṣkṛtasya |
udara-bharaṇa-mātra-kevalecchoḥ puruṣa-paśoś ca paśoś ca ko viśeṣaḥ || 45 ||
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na kasyacit kaścid iha svabhāvād bhavaty udāro 'bhimataḥ khalo vā |
loke gurutvaṃ viparītatāṃ vā sva-ceṣṭitāny eva naraṃ nayanti || 46 ||
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āropyate śilā śaile yatnena mahatā yathā |
nipātyate kṣaṇenādhas tathātmā guṇa-doṣayoḥ || 47 ||
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yāty adho 'dhaḥ vrajaty uccair naraḥ svair eva karmabhiḥ |
kūpasya khanitā yadvat prākārasyeva kārakaḥ || 48 ||
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udīrito 'rthaḥ paśunāpi gṛhyate hayāś ca nāgāś ca vahanti coditāḥ |
anuktam apy ūhati paṇḍito janaḥ pareṅgita-jñāna-phalā hi buddhayaḥ || 49 ||
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ākāra-riṅgatair gatyā ceṣṭayā bhāṣaṇena ca |
netra-vaktra-vikāreṇa lakṣyate'ntargataṃ manaḥ || 50 ||
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prastāva-sadṛśaṃ vākyaṃ sad-bhāva-sadṛśaṃ priyam |
ātma-śakti-samaṃ kopaṃ yo jānāti sa paṇḍitaḥ || 51 ||
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anāhūto viśed yas tu apṛṣṭo bahu bhāṣate |
ātmānaṃ manyate prītaṃ bhū-pālasya sa durmatiḥ || 52 ||
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kim apy asti svabhāvena sundaraṃ vāpy asundaram |
yad eva rocate yasmai bhavet tat tasya sundaram || 53 ||
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yasya yasya hi yo bhāvas tena tena hi taṃ naram |
anupraviśya medhāvī kṣipram ātma-vaśaṃ nayet || 54 ||
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ko 'trety aham iti brūyāt samyag ādeśayeti ca |
ājñām avitathāṃ kuryād yathā-śakti mahīpateḥ || 55 ||
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alpecchur dhṛtimān prājñaś chāyevānugataḥ sadā |
ādiṣṭo na vikalpeta sa rāja-vasatiṃ vaset || 56 ||
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doṣa-bhīter anārambhas tat kāpuruṣa-lakṣaṇam |
kair ajīrṇa-bhayād bhrātar bhojanaṃ parihīyate || 57 ||
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āsannam eva nṛpatir bhajate manuṣyaṃ vidyā-vihīnam akulīnam asaṃstutaṃ vā |
prāyeṇa bhūmi-patayaḥ pramadā-latāś ca yaḥ pārśvato vasati taṃ pariveṣṭayanti || 58 ||
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dūrād avekṣaṇaṃ hāsaḥ sampraśneṣv ādaro bhṛśam |
parokṣe'pi guṇa-ślāghā smaraṇaṃ priya-vastuṣu || 59 ||
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asevake cānuraktir dānaṃ sa-priya-bhāṣaṇam |
anuraktasya cihnāni doṣe'pi guṇa-saṅgrahaḥ || 60 ||
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kāla-yāpanam āśānāṃ vardhanaṃ phala-khaṇḍanam |
virakteśvara-cihnāni jānīyān matimān naraḥ || 61 ||
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apāyasaṃ darśanajāṃ vipattim upāya-sandarśana-jāṃ ca siddhim |
medhāvino nīti-vidhi-prayuktāṃ puraḥ sphurantīm iva darśayanti || 62 ||
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aprāpta-kālaṃ vacanaṃ bṛhaspatir api bruvan |
labhate buddhy-avajñānam avamānaṃ ca bhārata || 63 ||
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āpady unmārga-gamane kārya-kālātyayeṣu ca |
apṛṣṭo 'pi hitānveṣī brūyāt kalyāṇa-bhāṣitam || 64 ||
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kalpayati yena vṛttiṃ yena ca loke praśasyate |
sa guṇas tena guṇinā rakṣyaḥ saṃvardhanīyaś ca || 65 ||
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dantasya nirgharṣaṇakena rājan karṇasya kaṇḍūyanakena vāpi |
tṛṇena kāryaṃ bhavatīśvarāṇāṃ kim aṅga-vāk-pāṇi-matā nareṇa || 66 ||
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kadarthitasyāpi ca dhairya-vṛtter buddher vināśo nahi śaṅkanīyaḥ |
adhaḥ-kṛtasyāpi tanūnapāto nādhaḥ śikhā yāti kadācid eva || 67 ||
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maṇir luṭhati pādeṣu kācaḥ śirasi dhāryate |
yathaivāste tathaivāstāṃ kācaḥ kāco maṇir maṇiḥ || 68 ||
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nirviśeṣo yadā rājā samaṃ sarveṣu vartate |
tadodyama-samarthānām utsāhaḥ parihīyate || 69 ||
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trividhāḥ puruṣā rājann uttamādhama-madhyamāḥ |
niyojayet tathaivaitāṃs trividheṣv eva karmasu || 70 ||
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sthāna eva nijyojyante bhṛtyāś cābharaṇāni ca |
nahi cūḍāmaṇiḥ pāde nūpuraṃ śirasā kṛtam || 71 ||
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kanaka-bhūṣaṇa-saṅgrahaṇocito yadi maṇis trapuṇi praṇidhīyate |
na sa virauti na cāpi na śobhate bhavati yojayitur vacanīyatā || 72 ||
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mukuṭe ropitā kācaś caraṇābharaṇe maṇiḥ |
nahi doṣo maṇer asti kintu sādhor avijñatā || 73 ||
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buddhimān anurakto 'yam ayaṃ śūra ito bhayam |
iti bhṛtya-vicārajño bhṛtyair āpūryate nṛpaḥ || 74 ||
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aśvaḥ śastraṃ śāstraṃ vīṇā vāṇī naraś ca nārī ca |
puruṣa-viśeṣaṃ prāptā bhavanty ayogyāś ca yogyāś ca || 75 ||
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kiṃ bhaktenāsamarthena kiṃ śaktenāpakāriṇā |
bhaktaṃ śaktaṃ ca māṃ rājan nāvajñātuṃ tvam arhasi || 76 ||
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avajñānād rājño bhavati mati-hīnaḥ parijanas tatas tat-prāmāṇyād bhavati na samīpe budha-janaḥ |
budhais tyakte rājye na hi bhavati nītir guṇavatī vipannāyāṃ nītau sakalam avaśaṃ sīdati jagat || 77 ||
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janaṃ janapadā nityam arcayanti nṛpārcitam |
nṛpeṇāvamato yas tu sa sarvair avamanyate || 78 ||
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bālād api gṛhītavyaṃ yuktam uktaṃ manīṣibhiḥ |
raver aviṣaye kiṃ na pradīpasya prakāśanam || 79 ||
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bandhu-strī-bhṛtya-vargasya buddheḥ sattvasya cātmanaḥ |
āpan-nikaṣa-pāṣāṇe naro jānāti sāratām || 80 ||
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yasya prasāde padmāste vijayaś ca parākrame |
mṛtyuś ca vasati krodhe sarva-tejomayo hi saḥ || 81 ||
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bālo 'pi nāvamantavyo manuṣya iti bhūmipaḥ |
mahatī devatā hy eṣā nara-rūpeṇa tiṣṭhati || 82 ||
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nirapekṣo na kartavyo bhṛtyai svāmī kadācana |
nirapekṣaṃ prabhuṃ kṛtvā bhṛtyaḥ syād dadhi-karṇavat || 83 ||
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kṣudra-śatrur bhaved yas tu vikramān naiva labhyate |
tam āhantuṃ puraskāryaḥ sadṛśas tasya sainikaḥ || 84 ||
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ājñā-bhaṅgo narendrāṇāṃ brāhmaṇānām anādaraḥ |
pṛthak śayyā ca nārīṇām aśastra-vihito vadhaḥ || 85 ||
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matir eva balād garīyasī yad-abhāve kariṇām iyaṃ daśā |
iti ghoṣayatīva ḍiṇḍimaḥ kariṇo hastipakāhataḥ kvaṇan || 86 ||
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prativācam adatta keśavaḥ śapamānāya na cedi-bhūbhuje |
anuhuṅkurute ghana-dhvaniṃ na hi gomāyu-rutāni kesarī || 87 ||
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tṛṇāni nonmūlayati prabhañjano mṛdūni nīcaiḥ praṇalāni sarvataḥ |
samucchritān eva tarūn prabādhate mahān mahaty eva karoti vikramam || 88 ||
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śabda-mātrān na bhetavyam ajñātvā śabda-kāraṇam |
śabda-hetuṃ parijñāya kuṭṭanī gauravaṃ gatā || 89 ||
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nānivedya prakurvīta bhartuḥ kiṃcid api svayam |
kāryam āpat-pratīkārād anyatra jagatī-pate || 90 ||
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kamaṇḍalūpamo 'mātyas tanu-tyāgī bahu-grahaḥ |
nṛpate kiṅkṣaṇo mūrkho daridraḥ kiṃvarāṭakaḥ || 91 ||
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sa hy amātyaḥ sadā śreyān kākinīṃ yaḥ pravardhayet |
koṣaḥ koṣavataḥ prāṇāḥ prāṇāḥ prāṇā na bhūpateḥ || 92 ||
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kiṃ cārthair na kulācāraiḥ sevatām eti pūruṣaḥ |
dhana-hīnaḥ sva-patnyāpi tyajyate kiṃ punaḥ paraiḥ || 93 ||
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ativyayo 'napekṣā ca tathārjanam adharmataḥ |
moṣaṇaṃ dūra-saṃsthānāṃ koṣa-vyasanam ucyate || 94 ||
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kṣipram āyatam anālocya vyayamānaḥ sva-vāñchayā |
parikṣīyata evāsau dhanī vaiśravaṇopamaḥ || 95 ||
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brāhmaṇaḥ kṣatriyo bandhur nādhikāre praśasyate |
brāhmaṇaḥ siddham apy arthaṃ kṛcchreṇāpi na yacchati || 96 ||
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niyuktaḥ kṣatriyo dravye khaḍgaṃ darśayate dhruvam |
sarvasvaṃ grasate bandhur ākramya jñāti-bhāvataḥ || 97 ||
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aparādhe'pi niḥśaṅko niyogī cira-sevakaḥ |
sa svāminam avajñāya carec ca niravagrahaḥ || 98 ||
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upakartādhikāra-sthaḥ svāparādhaṃ na manyate |
upakāraṃ dhvajī-kṛtya sarvam eva vilumpati || 99 ||
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upaṃśu-krīḍito 'mātyaḥ svayaṃ rājāyate yataḥ |
avajñā kriyate tena sadā paricayād dhruvam || 100 ||
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antar-duṣṭaḥ kṣamā-yuktaḥ sarvānartha-karaḥ kila |
śakuniḥ śakaṭāraś ca dṛṣṭāntāv atra bhūpate || 101 ||
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sadāmatyo na sādhyaḥ syāt samṛddhaḥ sarva eva hi |
siddhānām ayam ādeśaḥ ṛddhiś citta-vikāriṇī || 102 ||
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prāptārtha-grahaṇaṃ dravya-parīvarto 'nurodhanam |
upekṣā buddhi-hīnatvaṃ bhogo 'mātyasya dūṣaṇam || 103 ||
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niyogy artha-grahopāyo rājñā nitya-parīkṣaṇam |
pratipatti-pradānaṃ ca tathā karma-viparyayaḥ || 104 ||
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nipīḍitā vamanty uccair antaḥ-sāraṃ mahīpateḥ |
duṣṭa-vraṇā iva prāyo bhavanti hi niyoginaḥ || 105 ||
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muhur niyoginī bādhyā vasudhārā mahīpate |
sakṛt kiṃ pīḍitaṃ snāna-vastraṃ muñced dhṛtaṃ payaḥ || 106 ||
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ājñā-bhaṅga-karān rājā na kṣameta sutān api |
viśeṣaḥ ko nu rājñaś ca rājñaś citra-gatasya ca || 107 ||
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stabdhasya naśyati yaśo viṣam asya maitrī naṣṭendriyasya kulam artha-parasya dharmaḥ |
vidyā-phalaṃ vyasaninaḥ kṛpaṇasya saukhyaṃ rājyaṃ pramatta-sacivasya narādhipasya || 108 ||
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taskarebhyo niyuktebhyaḥ śatrubhyo nṛpa-vallabhāt |
nṛpatir nija-lobhāc ca prajā rakṣet piteva hi || 109 ||
[Analyze grammar]

svarṇa-rekhām ahaṃ spṛṣṭvā baddhvātmānaṃ ca dūtikā |
āditsuś ca maṇiṃ sādhuḥ sva-doṣād duḥkhitā ime || 110 ||
[Analyze grammar]

rajanī-cara-nāthena khaṇḍite timire niśi |
yūnāṃ manāṃsi vivyādha dṛṣṭvā dṛṣṭvā manobhavaḥ || 111 ||
[Analyze grammar]

āditya-candrāvanilānalaś ca dyaur bhūmir āpo hṛdayaṃ yamaś ca |
ahaś ca rātriś ca ubhe ca sandhye dharmaś ca jānāti narasya vṛttam || 112 ||
[Analyze grammar]

atathyāny api tathyāni darśayanti hi peśalāḥ |
same nimnonnatānīva citra-karma-vido janāḥ || 113 ||
[Analyze grammar]

utpanneṣu ca kāryeṣu matir yasya na hīyate |
sa nistarati durgāṇi gopī jāra-dvayaṃ yathā || 114 ||
[Analyze grammar]

nāgnis tṛpyati kāṣṭhānāṃ nāpagānāṃ mahodadhiḥ |
nāntakaḥ sarva-bhūtānāṃ na puṃsāṃ vāma-locanā || 115 ||
[Analyze grammar]

na dānena na mānena nārjavena na sevayā |
na śastreṇa na śāstreṇa sarvathā viṣamāḥ striyaḥ || 116 ||
[Analyze grammar]

guṇāśrayaṃ kīrti-yutaṃ ca kāntaṃ patiṃ ratijñaṃ sadhanaṃ yuvānam |
vihāya śīghraṃ vanitā vrajanti narāntaraṃ śīla-guṇādi-hīnam || 117 ||
[Analyze grammar]

na tādṛśīṃ prītim upaiti nārī vicitra-śayyā śayitāpi kāmam |
yathā hi dūrvādi-vikīrṇa-bhūmau prayāti saukhyaṃ para-kānti-saṅgāt || 118 ||
[Analyze grammar]

āhāro dviguṇaḥ strīṇāṃ buddhis tāsāṃ catur-guṇā |
ṣaḍ-guṇo vyavasāyaś ca kāmāś cāṣṭaguṇaḥ smṛtaḥ || 119 ||
[Analyze grammar]

upāyena jayo yādṛg ripos tādṛṅ na hetibhiḥ |
upāya-jño 'lpa-kāyo 'pi na śūraiḥ paribhūyate || 120 ||
[Analyze grammar]

duṣṭā bhāryā śaṭhaṃ mitraṃ bhṛtyaś cottara-dāyakaḥ |
sa-sarpe ca gṛhe vāso mṛtyur eva na saṃśayaḥ || 121 ||
[Analyze grammar]

buddhir yasya balaṃ tasya nirbuddhes tu kuto balam |
paśya siṃho madonmattaḥ śaśakena nipātitaḥ || 122 ||
[Analyze grammar]

trāsa-hetor vinītis tu kriyate jīvitāśayā |
pañcatvaṃ ced gamiṣyāmi kiṃ siṃhānunayena me || 123 ||
[Analyze grammar]

āpady unmārga-gamane kārya-kālātyayeṣu ca |
kalyāṇa-vacanaṃ brūyād apṛṣṭo 'pi hito naraḥ || 124 ||
[Analyze grammar]

bhogasya bhājanaṃ rājā na rājā kārya-bhājanam |
rāja-kārya-paridhvaṃsī mantrī doṣeṇa lipyate || 125 ||
[Analyze grammar]

varaṃ prāṇa-parityāgaḥ śirasā vāpi kartanam |
na tu svāmi-padāvāpti-pātakecchor upekṣaṇam || 126 ||
[Analyze grammar]

atyucchrite mantriṇi pārthive ca viṣṭabhya pādāv upatiṣṭhate śrīḥ |
sā strī-svabhāvād asahā bharasya tayor dvayor ekataraṃ jahāti || 127 ||
[Analyze grammar]

ekaṃ bhūmi-patiḥ karoti sacivaṃ rājye pramāṇaṃ yadā taṃ mohāt śrayate madaḥ sa ca madālasyena nirvidyate |
nirviṇṇasya padaṃ karoti hṛdaye tasya svatantra-spṛhā- svātantrya-spṛhayā tataḥ sa nṛpateḥ prāṇān abhidruhyati || 128 ||
[Analyze grammar]

viṣa-dagdhasya bhaktasya dantasya calitasya ca |
amātyasya ca duṣṭasya mūlād uddharaṇaṃ sukham || 129 ||
[Analyze grammar]

yaḥ kuryāt sacivāyattāṃ śriyaṃ tad-vyasane sati |
so 'ndhavaj jagatī-pālaḥ sīdet sañcārakair vinā || 130 ||
[Analyze grammar]

na so 'sti puruṣo loke yo na kāmayate śriyam |
parasya yuvatiṃ ramyāṃ sādaraṃ nekṣate'tra kaḥ || 131 ||
[Analyze grammar]

kurvann api vyalīkāni yaḥ priyaḥ priya eva saḥ |
aśeṣa-doṣa-duṣṭo 'pi kāyaḥ kasya na vallabhaḥ || 132 ||
[Analyze grammar]

apriyāṇy api kurvāṇo yaḥ priyaḥ priya eva saḥ |
dagdha-mandira-sāre'pi kasya vahnāv anādaraḥ || 133 ||
[Analyze grammar]

yasminn evādhikaṃ cakṣur ārohayati pārthivaḥ |
sute'mātye'py udāsīne sa lakṣmyāśrīyate janaḥ || 134 ||
[Analyze grammar]

apriyasyāpi pathyasya pariṇāmaḥ sukhāvahaḥ |
vaktā śrotā ca yatrāsti ramante tatra sampadaḥ || 135 ||
[Analyze grammar]

mūla-bhṛtyān parityajya nāgantūn pratimānayet |
nātaḥ parataro doṣo rājya-bheda-karo yataḥ || 136 ||
[Analyze grammar]

durjano nārjavaṃ yāti sevyamāno 'pi nityaśaḥ |
sveda-nābhyañjanopāyaiḥ śvapuccham iva nāmitam || 137 ||
[Analyze grammar]

svedito marditaś caiva rañjubhiḥ pariveṣṭitaḥ |
mukto dvādaśabhir varṣaiḥ śva-pucchaḥ prakṛtiṃ gataḥ || 138 ||
[Analyze grammar]

vardhanaṃ vā sammānaṃ khalānāṃ prītaye kutaḥ |
phalanty amṛta-seke'pi na pathyāni viṣa-drumāḥ || 139 ||
[Analyze grammar]

apṛṣṭas tasya na brūyād yaś ca necchet parābhavam |
eṣa eva satāṃ dharmo viparīto 'satāṃ mataḥ || 140 ||
[Analyze grammar]

snigdho 'kuśalān nivārayati yas tat karma yan nirmalaṃ sā strī yātu-vidhāyinī sa matimān yaḥ sadbhir abhyarcyate |
sā śrīr yā na madaṃ karoti sa sukhī yas tṛṣṇayā mucyate tan mitraṃ yat kṛtrimaṃ sa puruṣo yaḥ khidyate nendriyaiḥ || 141 ||
[Analyze grammar]

nṛpaḥ kāmāsakto gaṇayati na kārye na ca hitaṃ yatheṣṭaṃ svacchandaḥ pravicarati matto gaja iva |
tato māna-dhmātaḥ sa patati yadā śoka-gahane tadā bhṛtye doṣān kṣipati na nijaṃ vetty avinayam || 142 ||
[Analyze grammar]

na parasyāparādhena pareṣāṃ daṇḍam ācaret |
ātmanāvagataṃ kṛtvā badhnīyāt pūjayec ca vā || 143 ||
[Analyze grammar]

guṇa-doṣāv aniścitya vidhinaṃ graha-nigrahe |
sva-nāśāya yathā nyasto darpāt sarpa-mukhe karaḥ || 144 ||
[Analyze grammar]

mantra-bījam idaṃ guptaṃ rakṣaṇīyaṃ yathā tathā |
manāg api na bhidyeta tad bhinnaṃ na prarohati || 145 ||
[Analyze grammar]

ādeyasya pradeyasya kartavyasya ca karmaṇaḥ |
kṣipram akriyamāṇasya kālaḥ pibati tad-rasam || 146 ||
[Analyze grammar]

mantro yodhaḥ ivādhīraḥ sarvāṅgaiḥ saṃvṛtair api |
ciraṃ na sahate sthātuṃ parebhyo bheda-śaṅkayā || 147 ||
[Analyze grammar]

sakṛd duṣṭaṃ tu yo mitraṃ punaḥ sandhātum icchati |
sa mṛtyur eva gṛhṇāti garbham aśvatarī yathā || 148 ||
[Analyze grammar]

aṅgāṅgi-bhāvam ajñātvā kathaṃ sāmarthya-nirṇayaḥ |
paśya ṭiṭṭibha-mātreṇa samudro vyākulīkṛtaḥ || 149 ||
[Analyze grammar]

parābhavaṃ paricchettuṃ yogyāyogyaṃ ca vetti yaḥ |
astīha yasya vijñānaṃ kṛcchreṇāpi na sīdati || 150 ||
[Analyze grammar]

anucita-kāryārambhaḥ svajana-virodho balīyasā spardhā |
pramadā-jana-viśvāso mṛtyor dvārāṇi catvāri || 151 ||
[Analyze grammar]

sampattayaḥ parādhīnāḥ sadā cittam anirvṛttam |
sva-jīivite'py aviśvāsas teṣāṃ ye rāja-sevakāḥ || 152 ||
[Analyze grammar]

ko 'rthān prāpya na garvito viṣayiṇaḥ kasyāpado 'staṃ gatāḥ strībhiḥ kasya na khaṇḍitaṃ bhuvi manaḥ ko vāsti rājñāṃ priyā |
kaḥ kālasya bhujāntaraṃ na ca gataḥ ko 'rthī gato gauravaṃ ko vā durjana-vāgurāsu patitaḥ kṣemeṇa yātaḥ pumān || 153 ||
[Analyze grammar]

majjann api payorāśau labdhvā sarpāvalambanam |
na muñcati na cādatte tathā mugdho 'smi samprati || 154 ||
[Analyze grammar]

ekatra rāja-viśvāso naśyaty anyatra bāndhavaḥ |
kiṃ karomi kva gacchāmi patit o duḥkha-sāgare || 155 ||
[Analyze grammar]

durjana-gamyā nāryaḥ prāyeṇāpātra-bhṛd bhavati rājā |
kṛpaṇānusāri ca dhanaṃ devo giri-jaladhi-varṣī ca || 156 ||
[Analyze grammar]

kaścid āśraya-saundaryād dhatte śobhām asajjanaḥ |
pramadālocana-nyastaṃ malīmasam ivāñjanam || 157 ||
[Analyze grammar]

ārādhyamāno nṛpatiḥ prayatnān na toṣam āyāti kim atra citram |
ayaṃ tv apūrva-pratimā-viśeṣo yaḥ sevyamāno riputām upaiti || 158 ||
[Analyze grammar]

nimittam uddiśya hi yaḥ prakupyati dhruvaṃ sa tasyāpagame prasīdati |
akāraṇa-dveṣi manas tu yasya vai kathaṃ janas taṃ paritoṣayiṣyati || 159 ||
[Analyze grammar]

vijñaiḥ snigdhair upakṛtam api dveṣyatām eti kaiścit sākṣād anyair apakṛtam api prītim evopayāti |
citraṃ citraṃ kim atha caritaṃ naikabhāvāśrayāṇāṃ sevā-dharmaḥ parama-gahano yoginām apy agamyaḥ || 160 ||
[Analyze grammar]

kṛta-śatam asatsu naṣṭaṃ subhāṣita-śataṃ ca naṣṭam abudheṣu |
vacana-śatam avacana-kare buddhi-śatam acetane naṣṭam || 161 ||
[Analyze grammar]

candana-taruṣu bhujaṅgā jaleṣu kamalāni tatra ca grāhāḥ |
guṇa-ghātinaś ca bhoge khalā na ca sukhāny avighnāni || 162 ||
[Analyze grammar]

mūlaṃ bhujaṅgaiḥ kusumāni bhṛṅgaiḥ śākhāḥ plavaṅgaiḥ śikharāṇi bhallaiḥ |
nāsty eva tac-candana-pādapasya yan nāśritaṃ duṣṭataraiś ca hiṃsraiḥ || 163 ||
[Analyze grammar]

dūrād ucchrita-pāṇir ādra-nayanaḥ protsāritārdhāsano gāḍhāliṅgana-tat-paraḥ priya-kathā-praśneṣu dattādaraḥ |
antarbhūta-viṣo bahir madhumayaś cātīva māyā-paṭuḥ ko nāmāyam apūrva-nāṭaka-vidhir yaḥ śikṣito durjanaiḥ || 164 ||
[Analyze grammar]

poto dustara-vāri-rāśitaraṇe dīpo 'ndhakārāgame nirvāte vyajanaṃ madāndha-kariṇāṃ darpopaśāntyai sṛṇiḥ |
itthaṃ tad bhuvi nāsti yasya vidhinā nopāya-cintā kṛtā manye durjana-citta-vṛtti-haraṇe dhātāpi bhagnodyamaḥ || 165 ||
[Analyze grammar]

yayor eva samaṃ vittaṃ yayor eva samaṃ balam |
tayor vivādo mantavyo nottamādhamayoḥ kvacit || 166 ||
[Analyze grammar]

ayuddhe hi yadā paśyen na kāñcid hitam ātmanaḥ |
yudhyamānas tadā prājño mriyate ripuṇā saha || 170 ||
[Analyze grammar]

bhūmy-eka-deśasya guṇānvitasya bhṛtyasya vā buddhimataḥ praṇāśaḥ |
bhṛtya-praṇāśo maraṇaṃ nṛpāṇāṃ naṣṭāpi bhūmiḥ sulabhā na bhṛtyāḥ || 177 ||
[Analyze grammar]

pitā vā yadi vā bhrātā putrī vā yadi vā suhṛt |
prāṇa-ccheda-karā rājñā hantavyā bhūtim icchatā || 178 ||
[Analyze grammar]

dharmārtha-kāma-tattvajño naikānta-karuṇo bhavet |
nahi hastastham apy annaṃ kṣamāvān bhakṣituṃ kṣamaḥ || 179 ||
[Analyze grammar]

kṣamā śatrau ca mitre ca yatīnām eva bhūṣaṇam |
aparādhiṣu sattveṣu nṛpāṇāṃ saiva dūṣaṇam || 180 ||
[Analyze grammar]

rājya-lobhād ahaṅkārād icchataḥ svāminaḥ padam |
prāyaścittaṃ tu tasyaikaṃ jīvotsargo na cāparam || 181 ||
[Analyze grammar]

rājā ghṛṇī brāhmaṇaḥ sarva-bhakṣī strī cāvajñā duṣprakṛtiḥ sahāyaḥ |
preṣyaḥ pratīpo 'dhikṛtaḥ pramādī tyājyā ime yaś ca kṛtaṃ na vetti || 182 ||
[Analyze grammar]

satyānṛtā ca paruṣā priya-vādinī ca hiṃsrā dayālur api cārtha-parā vadānyā |
nitya-vyayā pracura-ratna-dhanāgamā ca vārāṅganeva nṛpa-nītir aneka-rūpā || 183 ||
[Analyze grammar]

suhṛd-bhedas tāvad bhavatu bhavatāṃ śatru-nilaye khalaḥ kālākṛṣṭaḥ pralayam upasarpatv ahar-ahaḥ |
jano nityaṃ bhūyāt sakala-sukha-sampatti-vasatiḥ kathārambhe rambhye satatam iha bālo 'pi ramatām || 184 ||
[Analyze grammar]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Hitopadesha Suhridbheda

Cover of edition (1997)

The Hitopadesa of Sri Narayana Pandita
by Satya Narayana dasa (1997)

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Cover of edition (2015)

The Hitopadesa of Narayana
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Edited with A Sanskrit Commentary "Marma-Prakasika" and Notes in English; 9788120806023; Published by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Hitopadesa (in Gujarati)
by Dr. Narayan M. Kansara (2007)

[હિતોપદેશ]—[ડો. નારાયણ એમ. કંસારા] Sanskrit Text With Gujarati Translation; Published by Saraswati Pustak Bhandar, Ahmedabad

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