Nava, Nāvā, Nāva, Navā: 21 definitions
Nava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Nava (नव) refers to a “young leaf” of a tree or plant, as mentioned in a list of four synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Nava] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Nava (नव) means “of the same day”, as mentioned in verse 5.35-36 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] fresh butter of the same day [viz., nava] (is) viriligenio, cooling, productive of colour, strength, and digestion, constipating, (and) destructive of wind, hemorrhage, consumption, hemorrhoids, hemiplegia of the face, and cough; [...]”.
Note: Nava, explained by Indu as “sadya uddhṛtam”—“churned on the same day”, has been translated by ’phral, a noun denoting immediate nearness either in space or in time. For ’phral-gyi N reads, less correctly, ’phral-gyis.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Nava (नव) is another name for Raktapunarnavā, a medicinal plant identified with Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. or “red spiderling” from the Nyctaginaceae or “four o'clock” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.117-120 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Nava and Raktapunarnavā, there are a total of twenty-two Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Nava (नव).—A son of Svārociṣa Maru.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 19.
1b) A son of Navā and Uśīnara; chief of Navarāṣṭra.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 19 and 21; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 18 and 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 20, 22. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 9.
2) Navā (नवा).—One of the five queens of Uśīnara and mother of Nava.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 18-19; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 16. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 19-20.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Nāva (नाव) is a Sanskrit word referring to a “boat”.
India history and geogprahySource: Wisdom Library: India History
Nāvā (नावा) is the name of a river mentioned in two similair inscriptions sponsored by Uṣavadāta, the son-in-law of Nahapāna. According to the inscription, Uṣavadāta established free crossings at rivers such as Nāvā. He also established public watering-stations on both banks of these rivers. The first inscription is found at Karle (ancient Valūraka) and the other on the wall of a rock-cut cave at Nasik.
The Kṣaharātas called themselves kṣatrapas (originally referring to military governors of the Achaemenid empire) and established a small kingdom in modern Gujarat. In the middle of the first century, a ruler named Kṣaharāta Kṣatrapa Nahapāna obtained several Sātavāhana establishments which were later recaptured by Gautamīputra Śrī Sātakarṇi.Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963
Nava, mentioned in a 2nd century inscription at Kiralagala, is the name of a tank or pond that existed in the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Kiralagala ruins lies about 10 miles north of the 28th mile on the Puttalam-Anurādhapura road.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
nava : (adj.) 1. new; 2. nine. || nāvā (f.), ship; boat.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
1) Nava, 2 (adj.) (Ved. nava, Idg. *neǔ n̊ (cp. nava1)=Lat. novus, Gr. nέos (*nέvos), Lith. navas; Goth. niujis etc. =E. new; also Sk. navya=Gr. neίos, Lat. Novius. May be related to na3) 1. new, fresh; unsoiled, clean; of late, lately acquired or practised (opp. pubba & purāṇa). Often syn. with taruṇa. Sn. 28, 235 (opp. purāṇaṃ), 944 (id.), 913 (opp. pubba); Pv. I, 92 (of clothes=costly); J. IV, 201 (opp. purāṇa); Miln. 132 (salila fresh water).—2. young, unexperienced, newly initiated; a novice Vin. I, 47 (navā bhikkhū the younger bhs. , opp. therā); S. I, 9 (+acira-pabbajita); II, 218; Sn. p. 93 (Gotamo navo pabbajjāya “a novice in the Wanderer’s life”); DhA. I, 92 (bhikkhu).
2) Nava, 1 (num.) (Ved. navan, Idg. *neǔ n̊, cp. Lat. novem (*noven), Gr. e)nnέa, Goth. niun, Oir. nōin, E. nine. Connection with nava2 likely because in counting by tetrads (octo=8 is a dual!) a new series begins with No. 9) number nine. Gen. -Dat. navannaṃ (Sn. p. 87); Instr. -Abl. navahi (VvA. 76), Loc. navasu.
Meaning and Application: The primitive-Aryan importance of the “mystic” nine is not found in Buddhism and can only be traced in Pali in folkloristic undercurrents (as fairy tales) & stereotype traditions in which 9 appears as a number implying a higher trinity=32. 1. navabhūmaka pāsāda (a palace 9 stories high more frequent satta°, 7) J. I, 58; nava-hiraññakoṭīhi (w. 9 koṭis of gold) VvA. 188; nava yojana DhA. II, 65.—2. navaṅgabuddhasāsana “the 9 fold teaching of Buddha, ” i.e. the 9 divisions of the Buddh. Scriptures according to their form or style, viz. suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ M. I, 133; A. II, 103, 178; III, 86 sq. , 177 sq.; Pug. 43; Miln. 344; Dpvs. IV, 15; PvA. 2. Cp. chaḷaṅga. -nava sattāvāsā “9 abodes of beings” Kh IV. (in exemplifying No. 9), viz. (see D. III, 263=KhA 86, 87 cp. also A. IV, 39 sq.) (1) manussā, devā, vinipātikā; (2) Brahmakāyikā devā; (3) Ābhassarā; (4) Subhakiṇhā; (5) Asaññasattā; (6) Ākāsanañcâyatana-upagā; (7) Viññāṇanañcâyatana°; (8) Ākiñcaññāyatana°; (9) Nevasaññâsaññâyatana°.—nava sotā (Sn. 197) or nava dvārā (VvA. 76; v. l. mukhā) 9 openings of the body, viz. (SnA 248) 2 eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth, anus & urethra (cp. S. B. E. 39, 180; 40, 259 sq.).—nava vitakkā 9 thoughts Nd2 269 (q. v.).—3. a trace of the week of 9 days is to be found in the expression “navuti-vassasatasahass-āyukā” giving the age of a divinity as 9 million years (=a divine week) VvA. 345.—Cp. navuti. (Page 348)
— or —
Nāvā, (f.) (Ved. nāuḥ & nāvā, Gr. nau_s, Lat. navis) a boat, ship Vin. III, 49 (q. v. for definition & description); S. I, 106 (eka-rukkhikā); III, 155=V. 51=A. IV, 127 (sāmuddikā “a liner”); A. II, 200; III, 368; Sn. 321, 770, 771; Dh. 369 (metaphor of the human body); J. I, 239; II, 112; III, 126; 188; IV, 2, 21, 138; V, 75 (with “500” passengers), 433; VI, 160 (=nāvyā canal? or read nālaṃ?); Vv 61 (=pota VvA. 42, with pop. etym. “satte netī ti nāvā ti vuccati”); Pv III, 35 (=doṇi PvA. 189); Miln. 261 (100 cubits long); Dāvs. IV, 42; PvA. 47, 53; Sdhp. 321. In simile Vism. 690.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
nava (नव).—a (S) New. 2 Nine. Pr. navavyā divasīṃ navī vidyā (Used of the sure forgetting, by a reader of the Vedas, of all that he reads, unless he read continuously for nine days.) Hence Forgetfulness generally through intermission or disuse.
--- OR ---
navā (नवा).—a (nava) New, throughout the applications given in Johnson's Dictionary. navā junā karaṇēṃ To exchange old for new (bonds, notes, accounts, contracts, officials &c.) and navēṃ junēṃ Exchanges of old for new. navā janā hōṇēṃ To lose one's newness or rawness; to become familiarized with. Pr. navyācē nava divasa A wonder lasts but nine days.
--- OR ---
nāva (नाव).—f A sitting cloth made of very coarse cotton stuff.
--- OR ---
nāva (नाव).—f (nau S) A boat. ēkē nāvēnta asaṇēṃ To be in the same condition and under the same liabilities with; to be in the same boat with.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
nava (नव).—a New. Nine. Pr. navavyā divaśīṃ navī vidyā Used of the sure forgetting, by a reader of the Vedas, of all that he reads, unless he read continuously nine days.
--- OR ---
navā (नवा).—a New. navājunā karaṇēṃ To exchange old for new (bonds, notes, accounts, contracts, officials &c.) and navēṃ junēṃ Exchanges of old for new. navā junā hōṇēṃ To lose one's newness or rawness; to become familiarized with. Ex. navyācē nava divasa A wonder lasts but nine days.
--- OR ---
nāva (नाव).—f A boat. ēkē nāvēnta asaṇēṃ To be in the same condition and under the same liabilities with; to be in the same boat with.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) New, fresh, young, recent; चित्तयोनिरभवत्पुनर्नवः (cittayonirabhavatpunarnavaḥ) R.19.46; एते वयं पुनर्नवीकृताः स्मः (ete vayaṃ punarnavīkṛtāḥ smaḥ) Ś.5; क्लेशः फलेन हि पुनर्नवतां विधत्ते (kleśaḥ phalena hi punarnavatāṃ vidhatte) Ku.5.86; U.1.19; R.1.83;2.47;3.53; 4.3,11; Śi.1.4; नववयसि (navavayasi) Mu.3.3.; Śi.3.31; Ki.9.43.
-vaḥ 1 A crow.
3) A young monk, novice; Buddha.
-vam ind. Recently, newly, lately, not long ago.
--- OR ---
Nāva (नाव).—See नौ (nau).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Nava (नव).—oftener navaka, m. (= Pali, both), newcomer to the Buddhist order, junior, recently ordained monk; see also nav(ak)ānta: nava, Mahā-Māyūrī 219.29; navakaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 8742; navakair ādikarmikair acirapravrajitair Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 5.1 (prose); °kair acirapravrajitair (text °varjitair) Gaṇḍavyūha 47.8 (prose); daharo jātyā °kas tu pravrajyayā 129.3 (prose); sthavira- madhya-navakeṣu bhikṣuṣu Śikṣāsamuccaya 199.16 (prose).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) New. m.
(-vaḥ) Praise, panegyric, celebration. E. nu to praise, &c. affix. karmaṇi bhāve vā ap .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nava (नव).— (akin to the particle nu, cf. nūtana), I. adj., f. vā. 1. New, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 186. 2. Fresh, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 7. 3. Young, Mahābhārata 4, 410. 3. ºvam, adv. Just, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 108, 7. Ii. m. A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 1677.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Nava (नव).—1. [adjective] new, fresh, young; °— [adverb] newly, lately, just.
--- OR ---
Nava (नव).—2. [masculine] sneezing.
--- OR ---
Nāva (नाव).—1. [masculine] shout of joy.
--- OR ---
Nāva (नाव).—2. (—°) & nāvā [feminine] = nau.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Nava (नव):—1. nava mf(ā)n. ([probably] [from] 1. nu) new, fresh, recent, young, modern (opp. to sana, purāṇa), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (often in [compound] with a [substantive] e.g. navānna cf. [Pāṇini 2-1, 49]; or with a pp. in the sense of ‘newly, just, lately’ e.g. navodita, below)
2) m. a young monk, a novice, [Buddhist literature]
3) a crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) a red-flowered Punar-navā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) Name of a son of Uśīnara and Navā, [Harivaṃśa]
6) of a son of Viloman, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
7) Navā (नवा):—[from nava] f. Name of a woman (See above), [Harivaṃśa]
8) Nava (नव):—n. new grain, [Kauśika-sūtra]
9) cf. [Zend] nava; [Greek] νέος for νέϝος; [Latin] novus; [Lithuanian] naújas; [Slavonic or Slavonian] nŏvŭ; [Gothic] niujis; [Anglo-Saxon] nīwe; Hgerm. niuwi; niuwe, neu; [English] new.
10) 2. nava m. (√2. su) praise, celebration, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) 3. nava m. (√5. nu) sneezing, [Caraka]
12) 4. nava in tri-ṇava q.v. etc. in [compound] = van.
13) Nāva (नाव):—1. nāva m. (√nu4) a shout of joy or triumph, [Ṛg-veda]
14) 2. nāva = nau, a boat, a ship (in [compound] cf. ardha-n, dvi-n, [Pāṇini 5-4, 99, 100])
15) Nāvā (नावा):—[from nāva] f. (ā) idem, [Ṛg-veda i, 97, 8.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+501): Nava Karakarita, Nava Nanda, Nava Sattavasa, Nava Sutta, Nava-catushkika, Nava-coki, Nava-karakarita, Nava-karman, Nava-khanda, Nava-nidhana, Nava-nidhana-sahita, Navaba, Navabaddha, Navabadhu, Navabhaga, Navabhakta, Navabrahmana, Navacakreshvara, Navacanda, Navacandi.
Ends with (+311): Abhidhamma Vibhanava, Abhinava, Abhinihnava, Abhinnava, Adanava, Adbhutarnava, Adhenava, Adinava, Agnavaishnava, Agnimanava, Aindravaishnava, Amanava, Amritarnava, Anadinava, Anandamanava, Anandarnava, Anava, Anupakautukarnava, Apahnava, Aparokshanubhutisudharnava.
Full-text (+1016): Navya, Ardhanava, Navata, Prabhramshana, Navaja, Navaka, Navadurga, Punarnava, Paunarnava, Punarnavamandura, Phoka, Navamallika, Navavastra, Navaranga, Navin, Pratinava, Navayajna, Navina, Navavadhu, Naviya.
Search found 68 books and stories containing Nava, Nāvā, Nāva, Navā; (plurals include: Navas, Nāvās, Nāvas, Navās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 1.1.48 < [Chapter 1 - Bhauma (the earthly plane)]
Verse 2.1.137 < [Chapter 1 - Vairāgya (renunciation)]
Verse 2.4.3 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
The Tattvasangraha [with commentary] (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2167 < [Chapter 24a - The case for the reliability of the Veda (the Revealed Word)]
Verse 2507-2509 < [Chapter 24b - Arguments against the reliability of the Veda (the Revealed Word)]
Verse 2121-2130 < [Chapter 24a - The case for the reliability of the Veda (the Revealed Word)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Treatment for fever (81): Nava-jvvara-murari rasa < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Part 6 - Directions to be followed in nava-jvara < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Part 2 - Nava-jvara (primary fever) < [Chapter II - Fever (jvara)]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.5.6 < [Part 5 - Conjugal Love (mādhurya-rasa)]
Verse 2.1.330 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Verse 2.5.72 < [Part 5 - Permanent Ecstatic Mood (sthāyī-bhāva)]
Śrī Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latikā (by Sarasvati Thkura)