Nava, Nāvā, Nāva, Navā: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Nava (नव) is another name for Punarnavā, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Boerhavia diffusa (spreading hogweed) from the Nyctaginaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.117-119), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Nava (नव) refers to a “young leaf” of a tree or plant, as mentioned in a list of four synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Nava] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Nava (नव) means “of the same day”, as mentioned in verse 5.35-36 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] fresh butter of the same day [viz., nava] (is) viriligenio, cooling, productive of colour, strength, and digestion, constipating, (and) destructive of wind, hemorrhage, consumption, hemorrhoids, hemiplegia of the face, and cough; [...]”.

Note: Nava, explained by Indu as “sadya uddhṛtam”—“churned on the same day”, has been translated by ’phral, a noun denoting immediate nearness either in space or in time. For ’phral-gyi N reads, less correctly, ’phral-gyis.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nava (नव).—A son of Svārociṣa Maru.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 19.

1b) A son of Navā and Uśīnara; chief of Navarāṣṭra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 19 and 21; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 18 and 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 20, 22. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 9.

2) Navā (नवा).—One of the five queens of Uśīnara and mother of Nava.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 18-19; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 16. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 19-20.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Nāva (नाव) is a Sanskrit word referring to a “boat”.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Nāvā (नावा) is the name of a river mentioned in two similair inscriptions sponsored by Uṣavadāta, the son-in-law of Nahapāna. According to the inscription, Uṣavadāta established free crossings at rivers such as Nāvā. He also established public watering-stations on both banks of these rivers. The first inscription is found at Karle (ancient Valūraka) and the other on the wall of a rock-cut cave at Nasik.

The Kṣaharātas called themselves kṣatrapas (originally referring to military governors of the Achaemenid empire) and established a small kingdom in modern Gujarat. In the middle of the first century, a ruler named Kṣaharāta Kṣatrapa Nahapāna obtained several Sātavāhana establishments which were later recaptured by Gautamīputra Śrī Sātakarṇi.

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Nava, mentioned in a 2nd century inscription at Kiralagala, is the name of a tank or pond that existed in the ancient kingdom of Anurādhapura, Ceylon (Sri Lanka).—Kiralagala ruins lies about 10 miles north of the 28th mile on the Puttalam-Anurādhapura road.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nava : (adj.) 1. new; 2. nine. || nāvā (f.), ship; boat.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Nava, 2 (adj.) (Ved. nava, Idg. *neǔ n̊ (cp. nava1)=Lat. novus, Gr. nέos (*nέvos), Lith. navas; Goth. niujis etc. =E. new; also Sk. navya=Gr. neίos, Lat. Novius. May be related to na3) 1. new, fresh; unsoiled, clean; of late, lately acquired or practised (opp. pubba & purāṇa). Often syn. with taruṇa. Sn. 28, 235 (opp. purāṇaṃ), 944 (id.), 913 (opp. pubba); Pv. I, 92 (of clothes=costly); J. IV, 201 (opp. purāṇa); Miln. 132 (salila fresh water).—2. young, unexperienced, newly initiated; a novice Vin. I, 47 (navā bhikkhū the younger bhs. , opp. therā); S. I, 9 (+acira-pabbajita); II, 218; Sn. p. 93 (Gotamo navo pabbajjāya “a novice in the Wanderer’s life”); DhA. I, 92 (bhikkhu).

2) Nava, 1 (num.) (Ved. navan, Idg. *neǔ n̊, cp. Lat. novem (*noven), Gr. e)nnέa, Goth. niun, Oir. nōin, E. nine. Connection with nava2 likely because in counting by tetrads (octo=8 is a dual!) a new series begins with No. 9) number nine. Gen. -Dat. navannaṃ (Sn. p. 87); Instr. -Abl. navahi (VvA. 76), Loc. navasu.

Meaning and Application: The primitive-Aryan importance of the “mystic” nine is not found in Buddhism and can only be traced in Pali in folkloristic undercurrents (as fairy tales) & stereotype traditions in which 9 appears as a number implying a higher trinity=32. 1. navabhūmaka pāsāda (a palace 9 stories high more frequent satta°, 7) J. I, 58; nava-hiraññakoṭīhi (w. 9 koṭis of gold) VvA. 188; nava yojana DhA. II, 65.—2. navaṅgabuddhasāsana “the 9 fold teaching of Buddha, ” i.e. the 9 divisions of the Buddh. Scriptures according to their form or style, viz. suttaṃ geyyaṃ veyyākaraṇaṃ gāthā udānaṃ itivuttakaṃ jātakaṃ abbhutadhammaṃ vedallaṃ M. I, 133; A. II, 103, 178; III, 86 sq. , 177 sq.; Pug. 43; Miln. 344; Dpvs. IV, 15; PvA. 2. Cp. chaḷaṅga. -nava sattāvāsā “9 abodes of beings” Kh IV. (in exemplifying No. 9), viz. (see D. III, 263=KhA 86, 87 cp. also A. IV, 39 sq.) (1) manussā, devā, vinipātikā; (2) Brahmakāyikā devā; (3) Ābhassarā; (4) Subhakiṇhā; (5) Asaññasattā; (6) Ākāsanañcâyatana-upagā; (7) Viññāṇanañcâyatana°; (8) Ākiñcaññāyatana°; (9) Nevasaññâsaññâyatana°.—nava sotā (Sn. 197) or nava dvārā (VvA. 76; v. l. mukhā) 9 openings of the body, viz. (SnA 248) 2 eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth, anus & urethra (cp. S. B. E. 39, 180; 40, 259 sq.).—nava vitakkā 9 thoughts Nd2 269 (q. v.).—3. a trace of the week of 9 days is to be found in the expression “navuti-vassasatasahass-āyukā” giving the age of a divinity as 9 million years (=a divine week) VvA. 345.—Cp. navuti. (Page 348)

— or —

Nāvā, (f.) (Ved. nāuḥ & nāvā, Gr. nau_s, Lat. navis) a boat, ship Vin. III, 49 (q. v. for definition & description); S. I, 106 (eka-rukkhikā); III, 155=V. 51=A. IV, 127 (sāmuddikā “a liner”); A. II, 200; III, 368; Sn. 321, 770, 771; Dh. 369 (metaphor of the human body); J. I, 239; II, 112; III, 126; 188; IV, 2, 21, 138; V, 75 (with “500” passengers), 433; VI, 160 (=nāvyā canal? or read nālaṃ?); Vv 61 (=pota VvA. 42, with pop. etym. “satte netī ti nāvā ti vuccati”); Pv III, 35 (=doṇi PvA. 189); Miln. 261 (100 cubits long); Dāvs. IV, 42; PvA. 47, 53; Sdhp. 321. In simile Vism. 690.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nava (नव).—a (S) New. 2 Nine. Pr. navavyā divasīṃ navī vidyā (Used of the sure forgetting, by a reader of the Vedas, of all that he reads, unless he read continuously for nine days.) Hence Forgetfulness generally through intermission or disuse.

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navā (नवा).—a (nava) New, throughout the applications given in Johnson's Dictionary. navā junā karaṇēṃ To exchange old for new (bonds, notes, accounts, contracts, officials &c.) and navēṃ junēṃ Exchanges of old for new. navā janā hōṇēṃ To lose one's newness or rawness; to become familiarized with. Pr. navyācē nava divasa A wonder lasts but nine days.

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nāva (नाव).—f A sitting cloth made of very coarse cotton stuff.

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nāva (नाव).—f (nau S) A boat. ēkē nāvēnta asaṇēṃ To be in the same condition and under the same liabilities with; to be in the same boat with.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nava (नव).—a New. Nine. Pr. navavyā divaśīṃ navī vidyā Used of the sure forgetting, by a reader of the Vedas, of all that he reads, unless he read continuously nine days.

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navā (नवा).—a New. navājunā karaṇēṃ To exchange old for new (bonds, notes, accounts, contracts, officials &c.) and navēṃ junēṃ Exchanges of old for new. navā junā hōṇēṃ To lose one's newness or rawness; to become familiarized with. Ex. navyācē nava divasa A wonder lasts but nine days.

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nāva (नाव).—f A boat. ēkē nāvēnta asaṇēṃ To be in the same condition and under the same liabilities with; to be in the same boat with.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nava (नव).—a.

1) New, fresh, young, recent; चित्तयोनिरभवत्पुनर्नवः (cittayonirabhavatpunarnavaḥ) R.19.46; एते वयं पुनर्नवीकृताः स्मः (ete vayaṃ punarnavīkṛtāḥ smaḥ) Ś.5; क्लेशः फलेन हि पुनर्नवतां विधत्ते (kleśaḥ phalena hi punarnavatāṃ vidhatte) Ku.5.86; U.1.19; R.1.83;2.47;3.53; 4.3,11; Śi.1.4; नववयसि (navavayasi) Mu.3.3.; Śi.3.31; Ki.9.43.

2) Modern.

-vaḥ 1 A crow.

2) Praise.

3) A young monk, novice; Buddha.

-vam ind. Recently, newly, lately, not long ago.

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Nāva (नाव).—See नौ (nau).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nava (नव).—oftener navaka, m. (= Pali, both), newcomer to the Buddhist order, junior, recently ordained monk; see also nav(ak)ānta: nava, Mahā-Māyūrī 219.29; navakaḥ Mahāvyutpatti 8742; navakair ādikarmikair acirapravrajitair Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 5.1 (prose); °kair acirapravrajitair (text °varjitair) Gaṇḍavyūha 47.8 (prose); daharo jātyā °kas tu pravrajyayā 129.3 (prose); sthavira- madhya-navakeṣu bhikṣuṣu Śikṣāsamuccaya 199.16 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nava (नव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vā-vaṃ) New. m.

(-vaḥ) Praise, panegyric, celebration. E. nu to praise, &c. affix. karmaṇi bhāve vā ap .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nava (नव).— (akin to the particle nu, cf. nūtana), I. adj., f. . 1. New, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 186. 2. Fresh, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 7. 3. Young, Mahābhārata 4, 410. 3. ºvam, adv. Just, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 108, 7. Ii. m. A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 1677.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nava (नव).—1. [adjective] new, fresh, young; °— [adverb] newly, lately, just.

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Nava (नव).—2. [masculine] sneezing.

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Nāva (नाव).—1. [masculine] shout of joy.

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Nāva (नाव).—2. (—°) & nāvā [feminine] = nau.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nava (नव):—1. nava mf(ā)n. ([probably] [from] 1. nu) new, fresh, recent, young, modern (opp. to sana, purāṇa), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (often in [compound] with a [substantive] e.g. navānna cf. [Pāṇini 2-1, 49]; or with a pp. in the sense of ‘newly, just, lately’ e.g. navodita, below)

2) m. a young monk, a novice, [Buddhist literature]

3) a crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a red-flowered Punar-navā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Name of a son of Uśīnara and Navā, [Harivaṃśa]

6) of a son of Viloman, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) Navā (नवा):—[from nava] f. Name of a woman (See above), [Harivaṃśa]

8) Nava (नव):—n. new grain, [Kauśika-sūtra]

9) cf. [Zend] nava; [Greek] νέος for νέϝος; [Latin] novus; [Lithuanian] naújas; [Slavonic or Slavonian] nŏvŭ; [Gothic] niujis; [Anglo-Saxon] nīwe; Hgerm. niuwi; niuwe, neu; [English] new.

10) 2. nava m. (√2. su) praise, celebration, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) 3. nava m. (√5. nu) sneezing, [Caraka]

12) 4. nava in tri-ṇava q.v. etc. in [compound] = van.

13) Nāva (नाव):—1. nāva m. (√nu4) a shout of joy or triumph, [Ṛg-veda]

14) 2. nāva = nau, a boat, a ship (in [compound] cf. ardha-n, dvi-n, [Pāṇini 5-4, 99, 100])

15) Nāvā (नावा):—[from nāva] f. (ā) idem, [Ṛg-veda i, 97, 8.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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