Bhagavata Purana [sanskrit]

140,807 words

This Sanskrit edition of the Bhagavatapurana. It is one of the traditional eighteen Mahapuranas presented as an encyclopedia of ancient Indian history and knowledge. The extant edition contains 12 books originally written in 18,000 Sanskrit verses

Verse 4.12.42

यः पञ्चवर्षो गुरुदारवाक्शरैः ।
भिन्नेन यातो हृदयेन दूयता ।
वनं मदादेशकरोऽजितं प्रभुं ।
जिगाय तद्भक्तगुणैः पराजितम् ॥ ४२ ॥

yaḥ pañcavarṣo gurudāravākśaraiḥ |
bhinnena yāto hṛdayena dūyatā |
vanaṃ madādeśakaro'jitaṃ prabhuṃ |
jigāya tadbhaktaguṇaiḥ parājitam || 42 ||

The Sanskrit text of Verse 4.12.42 is contained in the book Shrimad Bhagavat Maha Puranam by . This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The Sanskrit text by (2012)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.12.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Pancavarsha, Gurudara, Vac, Shara, Bhinna, Yat, Yata, Yatri, Hridaya, Tan, Vana, Mada, Adeshaka, Ajita, Prabhu, Tad, Tat, Bhakta, Guna, Parajit, Parajita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 4.12.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yaḥ pañcavarṣo gurudāravākśaraiḥ
  • yaḥ -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pañcavarṣo* -
  • pañcavarṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gurudāra -
  • gurudāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vāk -
  • vāc (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • śaraiḥ -
  • śara (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śara (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “bhinnena yāto hṛdayena dūyatā
  • bhinnena -
  • bhinna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    bhinna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • yāto* -
  • yāt (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yāt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    -> yāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
    yātṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    yātṛ (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • hṛdayena -
  • hṛdaya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    hṛdaya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • dūya -
  • du -> dūya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √du]
    du -> dūya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √du]
    du -> dūya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √du]
    -> dūya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> dūya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    -> dūya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “vanaṃ madādeśakaro'jitaṃ prabhuṃ
  • vanam -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • madā -
  • mada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    madā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    mad (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ādeśaka -
  • ādeśaka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ro' -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ru (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • ajitam -
  • ajita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ajita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ajitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • prabhum -
  • prabhu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    prabhu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 4: “jigāya tadbhaktaguṇaiḥ parājitam
  • jigāya -
  • ji (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    ji (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bhakta -
  • bhakta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhakta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • guṇaiḥ -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • parājitam -
  • parājita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    parājita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    parājitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    parājit (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Verse 4.12.42

Cover of edition (2012)

Shrimad Bhagavat Maha Puranam
by (2012)

Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur; 768 pages.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2011)

The Bhagavata Purana (5 Volumes)
by G. P. Bhatt (2011)

Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd.; 2241 pages. Edited By: Prof. J.L. Shastri

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

The Srimad Bhagavata Purana: Hindi Translation and Detailed Explanation
by Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (2013)

Publisher: The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust; 17691 pages; 18 volumes; Sanskrit Text, Word-to-Word Meaning, Hindi Translation and Detailed Explanation

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Srimad Bhagavat Mahapurana in Bengali
by (2018)

Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur; 2035 pages.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 4.12.42 in Bengali sript:
যঃ পঞ্চবর্ষো গুরুদারবাক্শরৈঃ ।
ভিন্নেন যাতো হৃদযেন দূযতা ।
বনং মদাদেশকরোঽজিতং প্রভুং ।
জিগায তদ্ভক্তগুণৈঃ পরাজিতম্ ॥ ৪২ ॥

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