Ajita, aka: Ajitā; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ajita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Ajitā (अजिता, “unconquerable, irresistible”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ अजितायै नमः
oṃ ajitāyai namaḥ.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Ajitā (अजिता):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. She is also known as Jayantī according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Ajitā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Ajita (अजित) was a disciple of Kūrmanātha (his consort being Maṅgalājyotī), an incarnation of Siddhanātha in the second yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Ajita (अजित) or Ajitāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The Śaivāgamas are divided into four groups viz. Śaiva, Pāśupata, Soma and Lākula. Śaiva is further divided in to Dakṣiṇa, Vāma and Siddhānta (eg., ajita).

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Purana

1a) Ajita (अजित).—A manifestation of Hari during the epoch of Manu Cākṣuṣa. In this period the kṣīroda was churned and nectar was secured.1 Praised by Brahmā.2 Advised gods to befriend Asuras and then get amṛta by churning the ocean, with their co-operation, to be able ultimately to prevail against them;3 began to take part in amṛtamathana when the efforts of others produced no results.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 2. 5; VIII. 5. 9-10.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 5. 25-50.
  • 3) Ib. VIII. 6. 18-25.
  • 4) Ib. VIII. 7. 16; X. 2. 20; X. 51. 48.

1b) A Pṛthuka god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 74.

1c) The name of Hari born in Svāro1ciṣa epoch from Tuṣitā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 114.

1d) A group of gods with Āyuṣmanta formed 14 gaṇas whose residence was Maharloka. From there they go to Janaloka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 4. 27; IV. 1. 122.

1e) A devagaṇa;1 they are Asama, Ugradṛṣṭi, Sunaya, Śuciśravas, Kevala, Viśvarūpa, Sudakṣa, Madhupa, Turiya, Indrayuk.2 Remembered by Brahmā.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 21.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 46; 13. 90.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 4.

1f) Sons of Ajita and Ruci in the Svāyambhuva Manvantara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 33.

2a) Ajitā (अजिता).—The goddess following Bhavamālinī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 71.

2b) The mother of devas known as Ajitas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 33.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

0. Ajita Thera: He belonged to a poor brahmin family of Savatthi, and was so called because at birth he was wrapped in an antelope skin. He saw the presentation of Jetavana and, impressed by the majesty of the Buddha, joined the Order and later became an arahant. But because of past misdeeds he remained unhonoured and unknown, and on this account was despised by worldly novices (Thag.129-30; ThagA.i.250f). He is evidently to be identified with Ghatamandadayaka Thera of the Apadana (ii.436). In a previous birth he gave butter as medicine to the Pacceka Buddha, Sucintita.

1. Ajita - A monk. He devoted his time to explaining the Patimokkha rules to the monks. At the time of the Second Council he was a monk of ten years standing and was appointed to assign seats to the Theras. Vin.ii.305

2. Ajita - A paribbajaka who visited the Buddha, and at whose instigation the Buddha preached to the Bhikkhus on the difference between dhamma and adhamma. A.v.229ff.

3. Ajita - A brahmin, the Bodhisatta in the time of Sobhita Buddha. J.i.35.

4. Ajita - General of the Licchavis and follower of the Buddha. Immediately after his death he was born in Tavatimsa; he visited the Buddha to refute a statement made about him by the naked ascetic Patikaputta to the effect that he had been born in the Mahaniraya as a result of having followed the teaching of the Buddha. D.iii.15-16; DA.iii.825.

5. Ajita manava

6. Ajita - Thera (Ap.i.335ff), probably to be identified with Ajita (5), but the story of his past differs completely from that of Ajita manava given in the Thag. Commentary. In the time of the Buddha Padumuttara he lit a lamp in front of the Enlightened One. As a result of this he enjoyed happiness in heaven for 60,000 kappas, and when he was born from Tusita in this Buddha age there was a great light on the day of his birth. He is stated to have been a disciple of Bavari (Ap.i.337, 28), but he heard of the Buddha while in Himava. Later he became an arahant.

7. Ajita - The lay name of Metteya Buddha in his last birth, when he will attain Enlightenment. Anagata Vamsa, pp. 43, 45, 56.

8. Ajita - A Pacceka Buddha who lived ninety one kappas ago. Dasaka Thera, in a previous birth, gave him mangoes to eat (Ajina). ThagA.i.68.

9. Ajita - A brahmin, a previous birth of Citapujaka Thera; he offered flowers to Sikhi Buddha. Ap.i.243.

Ajita Sutta - Preached by the Buddha to Ajita the Paribbajaka on the difference between dhamma and adhamma. A.v.229ff.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Ajita (अजित):—The second Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Ajitanātha. His colour is gold (kāñcana), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 450 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 823 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is an Elephant.

Ajita’s father is Jitaśatru and his mother is Vijayā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

ajita (अजित).—a (S) Unconquered. a0 jāṇēṃ To acknowledge defeat by or inferiority to; to allow the upper hand of. (A use of the word arising from ignorance.) Ex. mī kaśālā kōṇhālā a0 jāūṃ mī kāya tulā a0 jāṇāra kīṃ Always neg. con.

--- OR ---

ajīta (अजीत) [or द जाणें, da jāṇēṃ].—See ajita jāṇēṃ under ajita.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ajita (अजित).—a Unconquered.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ajita (अजित).—a. Invincible, unconquerable, irresistible, °तं पुण्यं (taṃ puṇyaṃ)... महः (mahaḥ) U.5.27.

2) Not conquered or won (as a country &c.); not restrained, curbed, controlled, °आत्मन् (ātman); °इन्द्रिय (indriya) of uncontrolled soul or passion.

-taḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu or Śiva or Buddha.

2) Name of a powerful antidote, or a poisonous sort of rat. -(pl.) A class of deities in the first Manvantara of. परमात्मन्यात्मनि च त्रिषु स्यादस्फुटेऽजितः । अपराजितविष्ण्वीशपरमात्मसु कथ्यते (paramātmanyātmani ca triṣu syādasphuṭe'jitaḥ | aparājitaviṣṇvīśaparamātmasu kathyate) || Nm.

--- OR ---

Ajīta (अजीत).—a. [na. ta.] Not faded or withered, not faint.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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