Ajita, Ajitā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Ajita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Ajitā (अजिता, “unconquerable, irresistible”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ अजितायै नमः
oṃ ajitāyai namaḥ.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Ajitā (अजिता):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. She is also known as Jayantī according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Ajitā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Ajita (अजित) was a disciple of Kūrmanātha (his consort being Maṅgalājyotī), an incarnation of Siddhanātha in the second yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Ajita (अजित) or Ajitāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The Śaivāgamas are divided into four groups viz. Śaiva, Pāśupata, Soma and Lākula. Śaiva is further divided in to Dakṣiṇa, Vāma and Siddhānta (eg., ajita).

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ajita (अजित).—A manifestation of Hari during the epoch of Manu Cākṣuṣa. In this period the kṣīroda was churned and nectar was secured.1 Praised by Brahmā.2 Advised gods to befriend Asuras and then get amṛta by churning the ocean, with their co-operation, to be able ultimately to prevail against them;3 began to take part in amṛtamathana when the efforts of others produced no results.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 2. 5; VIII. 5. 9-10.
  • 2) Ib. VIII. 5. 25-50.
  • 3) Ib. VIII. 6. 18-25.
  • 4) Ib. VIII. 7. 16; X. 2. 20; X. 51. 48.

1b) A Pṛthuka god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 74.

1c) The name of Hari born in Svārociṣa epoch from Tuṣitā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 114.

1d) A group of gods with Āyuṣmanta formed 14 gaṇas whose residence was Maharloka. From there they go to Janaloka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 4. 27; IV. 1. 122.

1e) A devagaṇa;1 they are Asama, Ugradṛṣṭi, Sunaya, Śuciśravas, Kevala, Viśvarūpa, Sudakṣa, Madhupa, Turiya, Indrayuk.2 Remembered by Brahmā.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 21.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 46; 13. 90.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 31. 4.

1f) Sons of Ajita and Ruci in the Svāyambhuva Manvantara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 33.

2a) Ajitā (अजिता).—The goddess following Bhavamālinī.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 71.

2b) The mother of devas known as Ajitas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 33.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

0. Ajita Thera: He belonged to a poor brahmin family of Savatthi, and was so called because at birth he was wrapped in an antelope skin. He saw the presentation of Jetavana and, impressed by the majesty of the Buddha, joined the Order and later became an arahant. But because of past misdeeds he remained unhonoured and unknown, and on this account was despised by worldly novices (Thag.129-30; ThagA.i.250f). He is evidently to be identified with Ghatamandadayaka Thera of the Apadana (ii.436). In a previous birth he gave butter as medicine to the Pacceka Buddha, Sucintita.

1. Ajita - A monk. He devoted his time to explaining the Patimokkha rules to the monks. At the time of the Second Council he was a monk of ten years standing and was appointed to assign seats to the Theras. Vin.ii.305

2. Ajita - A paribbajaka who visited the Buddha, and at whose instigation the Buddha preached to the Bhikkhus on the difference between dhamma and adhamma. A.v.229ff.

3. Ajita - A brahmin, the Bodhisatta in the time of Sobhita Buddha. J.i.35.

4. Ajita - General of the Licchavis and follower of the Buddha. Immediately after his death he was born in Tavatimsa; he visited the Buddha to refute a statement made about him by the naked ascetic Patikaputta to the effect that he had been born in the Mahaniraya as a result of having followed the teaching of the Buddha. D.iii.15-16; DA.iii.825.

5. Ajita manava

6. Ajita - Thera (Ap.i.335ff), probably to be identified with Ajita (5), but the story of his past differs completely from that of Ajita manava given in the Thag. Commentary. In the time of the Buddha Padumuttara he lit a lamp in front of the Enlightened One. As a result of this he enjoyed happiness in heaven for 60,000 kappas, and when he was born from Tusita in this Buddha age there was a great light on the day of his birth. He is stated to have been a disciple of Bavari (Ap.i.337, 28), but he heard of the Buddha while in Himava. Later he became an arahant.

7. Ajita - The lay name of Metteya Buddha in his last birth, when he will attain Enlightenment. Anagata Vamsa, pp. 43, 45, 56.

8. Ajita - A Pacceka Buddha who lived ninety one kappas ago. Dasaka Thera, in a previous birth, gave him mangoes to eat (Ajina). ThagA.i.68.

9. Ajita - A brahmin, a previous birth of Citapujaka Thera; he offered flowers to Sikhi Buddha. Ap.i.243.

Ajita Sutta - Preached by the Buddha to Ajita the Paribbajaka on the difference between dhamma and adhamma. A.v.229ff.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Ajitā (अजिता) refers to one the twenty-four Horā (astronomical) Goddess to be invoked during pūjā (ritual offering) in Tantric Buddhism, according to the 9th-century Vajraḍākatantra chapter 18.61-74. [...] A Yogin, putting a vessel in the left side of him, offers various things together with raw flesh, fish, immortal nectar (pañcāmṛta). Then the Yogin invites Goddesses to please them with nectar—five Ḍākinīs and twenty-four Goddesses [viz., Ajitā] come to the Yogin’s place, forming a maṇḍala.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Ajita (अजित):—The second Tīrthaṅkara (Janism recognizes 24 such teachers or Siddhas). He is also known as Ajitanātha. His colour is gold (kāñcana), according to Aparājitapṛcchā (221.5-7). His height is 450 dhanuṣa (a single dhanuṣa (or, ‘bow’) equals 6 ft), thus, roughly corresponding to 823 meters. His emblem, or symbol, is an Elephant.

Ajita’s father is Jitaśatru and his mother is Vijayā. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

1a) Ajita (अजित) is the name of the Yakṣa accompanying Suvidhinātha: the ninth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas.—Suvidhinātha has two names given to him, another being Puṣpadanta. There is a dispute over his emblem. Some say, it is a dolphin (Makara); others declare it is a crab. His Yakṣa and Yakṣiṇī are named Ajita and Sutārī Devī (Digambara: Mahākalī) respectively. The chowri-bearer has the name of Maghavatarāja. The religious tree under which he attained the Kevala knowledge is the Nāga according to some authorities, Malli according to other authorities.

Ajita’s symbol of a tortoise as a vehicle is admitted by both the sects. The attributes vary, however, with them. The Śvetāmbara image will hold in his hands, a citrus, rosary, mongoose anda spear. The image as conceived by the Digambaras will bear vice above a Śakti, Varada-mudrā, fruit and rosary.

1b) Ajita (अजित) is the name of the chowrie-bearer accompanying Munisuvrata: the twentieth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas.—The Jaina texts furnish the emblem of a tortoise which differentiates the image of this Jina from those of all the rest. The Yakṣa husband and wife are called Varuṇa and Naradattā (Digambara Bahurūpiṇī) respectively. The king who plays the part of his Chowri-bearer is named Ajita. The tree made sacred by being associated with the scene of his Kevala knowledge is Campaka.

2) Ajitā (अजिता) or Ajitabalā or Rohiṇī is the name of the Yakṣiṇī accompanying Ajitanātha: the second of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas.—[...] Further, two other iconographic points by which Ajitanātha’s statues may be differentiated from those of others are the figures of his particular Yakṣa called Mahāyakṣa and his Yakṣiṇī named Ajitabalā. Mention of these is made in the Jaina canonical Literature.

Ajitā’s symbolic vehicle varies with different texts even among the same sect. For instance most of the Śvetāmbara books, in agreement with the Digambara books, give her an iron-seat (Lohāsana) but the Śvetāmbara text callef the Ācāradinakara makes her vehicle a bull. The other symbols, which she holds in her hands are constantly among the Śvetāmbara books as follows:—Varada-mudrā, noose, citron and goad. Except the. Yakṣiṇī’s common vehicle, the Digambara books furnish her hands differently with the following attributes:—Abhaya, conch and disc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ajita (अजित).—a (S) Unconquered. a0 jāṇēṃ To acknowledge defeat by or inferiority to; to allow the upper hand of. (A use of the word arising from ignorance.) Ex. mī kaśālā kōṇhālā a0 jāūṃ mī kāya tulā a0 jāṇāra kīṃ Always neg. con.

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ajīta (अजीत) [or द जाणें, da jāṇēṃ].—See ajita jāṇēṃ under ajita.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ajita (अजित).—a Unconquered.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ajita (अजित).—a. Invincible, unconquerable, irresistible, °तं पुण्यं (taṃ puṇyaṃ)... महः (mahaḥ) U.5.27.

2) Not conquered or won (as a country &c.); not restrained, curbed, controlled, °आत्मन् (ātman); °इन्द्रिय (indriya) of uncontrolled soul or passion.

-taḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu or Śiva or Buddha.

2) Name of a powerful antidote, or a poisonous sort of rat. -(pl.) A class of deities in the first Manvantara of. परमात्मन्यात्मनि च त्रिषु स्यादस्फुटेऽजितः । अपराजितविष्ण्वीशपरमात्मसु कथ्यते (paramātmanyātmani ca triṣu syādasphuṭe'jitaḥ | aparājitaviṣṇvīśaparamātmasu kathyate) || Nm.

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Ajīta (अजीत).—a. [na. ta.] Not faded or withered, not faint.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ajita (अजित).—(1) (= Pali id.) epithet of Maitreya; mostly voc. in direct address, the name Maitreya being otherwise used in same context; but other forms occur (ajitasya Karmav 40.1): SP 18.4; 308.1, 2; 309.2 ff.; 327.3; 332.6 ff.; 345.7 ff., etc.; Mv i.51.6; Śikṣ 97.8; (an unidentified Bodhisattva, probably Maitreya) Sukh 64.7 ff.; 92.10; (2) n. of a future Buddha, but seemingly distinguished from Maitreya: Mv iii.330.8; (3) n. of an attendant on the Bodhisattva (Śākyamuni) in a previous birth: Jm 3.4 (query: to be identified with Maitreya?).

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Ajitā (अजिता).—n. of one of the four Kumārī, q.v., or Bhaginī: Mmk 537.8; 539.25; 543.9 et alibi; probably the same, a yakṣiṇī, 573.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajita (अजित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Unconquered. 2. Unexcelled, unsurpassed. m.

(-taḥ) 1. The second of the twenty-four principal Jaina Tirthakaras or deified sages. 2. A name of Vishnu. 3. A name of Bud'Dha. 4. A name of Siva. E. a neg. and jita, participle of ji to conquer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ajita (अजित).—[adjective] unconquered, unsubdued.

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Ajīta (अजीत).—[adjective] unfaded, fresh; [abstract] ajīti [feminine]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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