Yuka, Yūka, Yūkā: 19 definitions

Introduction:

Yuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Yūkā (यूका):—Sanskrit word for a unit of measurement of weight, according to the Rasa-darpaṇa (Sanskrit work on rasaśāstra, or Medical Alchemy). Six likṣās constiture one yūkā, and six yūkās constitute one rajas.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Yūkā (यूका) refers to “lice” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning yūkā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Yūka (यूक, “louse”) is the Sanskrit name for a unit of measurement, used in Vāstuśāstra literature, according to the Mānasāra II.40-53. A single Yūka unit corresponds to 8 Likṣā units. It takes 8 Yūka units to make a single Yava unit.

Below follows a table of the different units of measurement in relation to one another:

  • 8 Paramāṇu = 1 Rathadhūli, chariot-dust
  • 8 Rathadhūli = 1 Vālāgra, hair-end
  • 8 Vālāgra = 1 Likṣā, nit,
  • 8 Likṣā = 1 Yūka, louse
  • 8 Yūka = 1 Yava, barley-corn,
  • 8 Yava = 1 Aṅgula, digit (finger-breadth),
  • 12 Aṅgula = 1 Vitasti, span,
  • 2 Vitasti (24 aṅgulas) = 1 Kiṣku, cubit,
  • 4 Dhanurmuṣṭi (26 aṅgulas) = 1 Daṇḍa, rod,
  • 8 Daṇḍa = 1 Rajju, rope

The smallest unit, which is paramāṇu, atom is stated ta be perceived (only) by the sages. For all practical purposes, aṅgula is the smallest unit of measurement. For this reason, it is seen to be treated in a special way in the text with regards to its universality that significantly downplays its semantic reference to the body.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Yūka (यूक) refers to “pou (unit of measurement) § 2.1.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Yūkā (यूका).—A measurement; eight times the likhyā (s.v.), (likṣā).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 121; Matsya-purāṇa 258. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 121.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Yūka (यूक) refers to the “length of a louse” and represents a type of absolute measurement, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—In the Indian value of measurement of length there are two different kinds of units, namely, the absolute and the relative. Of these, the first is based on the length of certain natural objects, while the second is obtained from the length of a particular part or limb of the person whose measurement is under consideration. They have been specified by R. N. Mishra, in his text in volume 1 of Kalātattvakośa.

8 likṣās make 1 yūka (length of a louse). 8 yūkas make 1 yava (the size of a barley grain)

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Yūka (यूक) refers to “lice” (causing problems for hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “If a hawk does not bathe through fear, and lice (yūka) with their eggs thrive in its body [gātre likṣā yūkāḥ patanti ca], to radically destroy them, a powder of long pepper should be scattered over, or the bark of the root of Bel pounded with cow’s urine should be plastered over its body. There is no doubt that this destroys lice with their eggs”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Yuka in Congo is the name of a plant defined with Bryophyllum pinnatum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cotyledon rhizophylla Roxb. (among others).

2) Yuka is also identified with Kalanchoe pinnata It has the synonym Bryophyllum adelae A. Berger (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Allgemeine Naturgeschichte (1966)
· Natural history (1871)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1828)
· Familles des Plantes (1763)
· Fieldiana, Botany (1946)
· Bulletin de l’Herbier Boissier (1908)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Yuka, for example extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, chemical composition, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yūka (यूक) or Yūkā (यूका).—A louse; स्वेदजं दंशमशकं यूकामक्षिकमत्कुणम् । ऊष्मणश्चोपजायन्ते (svedajaṃ daṃśamaśakaṃ yūkāmakṣikamatkuṇam | ūṣmaṇaścopajāyante) ... Manusmṛti 1.45.

Derivable forms: yūkaḥ (यूकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yūka (यूक).—mf.

(-kaḥ-kā) A louse. E. yu to mix, (with the hair,) Unadi aff. kan, and the vowel made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yūka (यूक).—m., and f. , A louse, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 40; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 105.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yūka (यूक).—[masculine] ā [feminine] house.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yūka (यूक):—m. or (more commonly) yūkā f. a louse, [Manu-smṛti; Kathāsaritsāgara; Suśruta etc.]

2) Yūkā (यूका):—[from yūka] f. a louse, [Manu-smṛti; Kathāsaritsāgara; Suśruta etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yūka (यूक):—[(kaḥ-kā)] 1. m. f. A louse.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yūkā (यूका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jūā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yuka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yūka (यूक):—(nm) a louse.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Yūka (ಯೂಕ):—

1) [noun] any small, wingless insect of the order Anoplura (sucking louse), parasitic on humans and having mouthparts adapted for sucking, as Pediculus humanus (body louse corporis) or head louse (Pediculus humanus capitis).

2) [noun] a very small unit of linear measure.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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