Apratima: 9 definitions

Introduction

Apratima means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Apratima in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Apratima (अप्रतिम).—A son of Uttama Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 34.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Apratima (अप्रतिम) refers to one of the forty-seven tānas (tone) used in Indian music.—The illustration of Apratima (as a deity) according to 15th-century Indian art is as follows.—The colour of his body is yellow. His face is similar to the face of a peacock. A viṇā is held with both hands.

The illustrations (of, for example Apratima) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apratima (अप्रतिम).—a S That is without an equal, match, likeness; unequaled, unrivaled.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

apratima (अप्रतिम).—a Incomparable, unequalled, unrivalled.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apratima (अप्रतिम).—a.

1) Without an equal or parallel, incomparable, matchless, unrivalled; त्वं ह त्यदप्रति मानमोजो (tvaṃ ha tyadaprati mānamojo) Rv.8.96.17. रामस्य पश्याप्रतिमानमोजः (rāmasya paśyāpratimānamojaḥ) Mv.1.62; °रूपत्वम् (rūpatvam); °वीर्य, °बुद्धि (vīrya, °buddhi) &c.

2) Improper; तस्मात्त्वया समारब्धं कर्म ह्यप्रतिमं परैः (tasmāttvayā samārabdhaṃ karma hyapratimaṃ paraiḥ) Rām.6.12.35.

See also (synonyms): apratimāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Apratimā (अप्रतिमा).—name of a queen, previous incarnation of Yaśodharā: Mahāvastu i.128.13 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apratima (अप्रतिम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Unequalled, incomparable. E. a neg. pratimā similitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apratima (अप्रतिम).—[adjective] incomparable.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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