Graiveyaka: 7 definitions

Introduction

Graiveyaka means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (G) next»] — Graiveyaka in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Graiveyaka (ग्रैवेयक) refers to a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).

The Graiveyakas are further divided into nine different species:

  1. Sudarśana,
  2. Supratibandha (or, Suprabuddha),
  3. Manorama,
  4. Sarvabhadra,
  5. Suviśāla,
  6. Somanasa (or, Sumanas),
  7. Sumaṅkasa (or, Sumaṃkasa, Saumanasa),
  8. Priyaṅkara (or, Priyaṃkara, Prītikara),
  9. Nandikara (Āditya).

All these nine species do not bind karmans, are 1-sensed class of beings and have an immovable body, warm splendour, cold lustre, animal state of existence, ānupūrvī and āyus.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Graiveyaka (ग्रैवेयक) or Navagraiveyaka is one of the three subclasses of kalpātītas (born beyond heaven), itself a division of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

There are nine graiveyakas, namely:

  1. Sudarśana,
  2. Amogha,
  3. Suprabuddha,
  4. Yaśodhara,
  5. Subhadra,
  6. Suviśāla,
  7. Sumanasa,
  8. Saumanasa,
  9. Prītīṅkara.

Which thought-colourations are there in Graivaiyaka, Anudiśa and Anuttara gods? They have pure white thought-colouration. What is the life span of deities in the (nine neck-dwellings) Nava-graiveyakas? Nava-graiveyakas are the three layered residences above the sixteenth heaven where Ahamindra deities reside. The life span in the first layer is twenty three ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) and increases by one ocean-measured-period in each subsequent higher layer till it is 31 ocean-measured-periods in the ninth graiveyaka (layer).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Graiveyaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Graiveyaka (ग्रैवेयक).—[grīvāyāṃ baddho'laṃkāraḥ, ḍhakañ]

1) A neck-ornament; e. g. अस्माकं सखि वाससी न रुचिरे ग्रैवेयकं नोज्ज्वलम् (asmākaṃ sakhi vāsasī na rucire graiveyakaṃ nojjvalam) Ś. D.3; सा हि चन्दनवर्णाभा ग्रीवा ग्रैवेयकोचिता (sā hi candanavarṇābhā grīvā graiveyakocitā) Rām.3.6.32.

2) A chain worn round the neck of an elephant. -m. (pl.) a class of deities (9 in number) sitting on the neck of Loka-puruṣa. (Jaina.)

Derivable forms: graiveyakam (ग्रैवेयकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Graiveyaka (ग्रैवेयक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A collar, an ornament for the neck. E. grīvā and ḍhakaṅ affix: see graiva and graiveya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Graiveyaka (ग्रैवेयक).—[graiveya + ka], m. and n. A chain for the neck, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 188, 16; a neck-ornament, [Devīmāhātmya, (ed. Poley.)] 2, 26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Graiveyaka (ग्रैवेयक).—[neuter] the same, necklace, collar i.[grammar]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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