Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 6.44.8

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ऋ॒तस्य॑ प॒थि वे॒धा अ॑पायि श्रि॒ये मनां॑सि दे॒वासो॑ अक्रन् । दधा॑नो॒ नाम॑ म॒हो वचो॑भि॒र्वपु॑र्दृ॒शये॑ वे॒न्यो व्या॑वः ॥
ऋतस्य पथि वेधा अपायि श्रिये मनांसि देवासो अक्रन् । दधानो नाम महो वचोभिर्वपुर्दृशये वेन्यो व्यावः ॥
ṛtasya pathi vedhā apāyi śriye manāṃsi devāso akran | dadhāno nāma maho vacobhir vapur dṛśaye venyo vy āvaḥ ||

English translation:

“The Soma, creator (of all), on the path of sacrifice, has been drunk; the worshippers have presented it to gratify the mind (of Indra); may he, the humiliator (of his foes), possessing a vast body, propitiated by our praises, become manifest to our view.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śaṃyurbārhaspatyaḥ [śaṃyurbārhaspatya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): indra:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛtpaṅkti ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

ऋ॒तस्य॑ । प॒थि । वे॒धाः । अ॒पा॒यि॒ । श्रि॒ये । मनां॑सि । दे॒वासः॑ । अ॒क्र॒न् । दधा॑नः । नाम॑ । म॒हः । वचः॑ऽभिः । वपुः॑ । दृ॒शये॑ । वे॒न्यः । वि । आ॒व॒रित्या॑वः ॥
ऋतस्य । पथि । वेधाः । अपायि । श्रिये । मनांसि । देवासः । अक्रन् । दधानः । नाम । महः । वचःभिः । वपुः । दृशये । वेन्यः । वि । आवरित्यावः ॥
ṛtasya | pathi | vedhāḥ | apāyi | śriye | manāṃsi | devāsaḥ | akran | dadhānaḥ | nāma | mahaḥ | vacaḥ-bhiḥ | vapuḥ | dṛśaye | venyaḥ | vi | āvar ity āvaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.44.8 English analysis of grammar]

ṛtasya < ṛta

[noun], genitive, singular, neuter

“truth; order; fixed order; ṛta [word]; law; custom; custom.”

pathi < pathin

[noun], locative, singular, masculine

“way; road; path [word]; journey; method.”

vedhā < vedhāḥ < vedhas

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Brahma; creator; believer [worshipper]; Vishnu.”

apāyi <

[verb], singular, Aorist passive

“drink; gulp; soak; drink; suck; inhale.”

śriye < śrī

[noun], dative, singular, feminine

“mister; Ms.; Lakshmi; good fortune; well-being; magnificence; glory; beauty; Aegle marmelos (Linn.) Correa; dignity; power; śrī [word]; śrī; prosperity; auspiciousness.”

manāṃsi < manas

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“mind; Manas; purpose; idea; attention; heart; decision; manas [word]; manas [indecl.]; spirit; temper; intelligence.”

devāso < devāsaḥ < deva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

akran < kṛ

[verb], plural, Root aorist (Ind.)

“make; perform; cause; produce; shape; construct; do; put; fill into; use; fuel; transform; bore; act; write; create; prepare; administer; dig; prepare; treat; take effect; add; trace; put on; process; treat; heed; hire; act; produce; assume; eat; ignite; chop; treat; obey; manufacture; appoint; evacuate; choose; understand; insert; happen; envelop; weigh; observe; practice; lend; bring; duplicate; plant; kṛ; concentrate; mix; knot; join; take; provide; utter; compose.”

dadhāno < dadhānaḥ < dhā

[verb noun], nominative, singular

“put; give; cause; get; hold; make; provide; lend; wear; install; have; enter (a state); supply; hold; take; show.”

nāma < nāman

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“name; appellation; nāman [word]; nāmakaraṇa; surname; noun; word.”

maho < mahaḥ < mahas

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

vacobhir < vacobhiḥ < vacas

[noun], instrumental, plural, neuter

“statement; command; speech; words; advice; word; voice.”

vapur < vapuḥ < vapus

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“body; form; miracle; human body; beauty; look; spectacle; figure; embodiment.”

dṛśaye < dṛś

[verb noun]

“see; observe; view; visit; look; learn; meet; read; teach; examine; watch; see; notice; perceive; diagnose; travel to; show; detect; know; know; understand; understand; follow.”

venyo < venyaḥ < venya

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

vy < vi

[adverb]

“apart; away; away.”

āvaḥ < vṛ

[verb], singular, Root aorist (Ind.)

“surround; accompany; cover; cover; obstruct; check; spread; envelop.”

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