Valmika, Vālmīka: 23 definitions


Valmika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vālmīka (वाल्मीक).—(c)—noted for horses.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 16. 17.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Valmika in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Valmīka (वल्मीक) is the name of a sacred place in the Himālayas, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 46. Accordingly, as Sumeru said to Maya and Sūryaprabha: “... so let us go in the morning to the place named Valmīka. For to-morrow is the eighth lunar day of the black fortnight of Phālguna, which is a high day. And on that day there is produced there a sign to show the future emperor, and for that reason the Vidyādharas are going there in a great hurry on that day”. Also, “... when Sumeru gave that opinion with regard to the army, they spent that day in accordance with the law, and went on the morrow to Valmīka in chariots with their army. There they encamped with shouting forces on the southern plateau of the Himālayas, and beheld many Vidyādhara kings that had arrived”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Valmīka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Valmīka (वल्मीक) refers to “ant-hills” (in a garden) and is mentioned in a list of places highly susceptible to snake-bites, as taught in the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Agadatantra or Sarpavidyā).—The Kāśyapasaṃhitā mentions that snake-bites that happen in certain places [like an ant-hill (valmīka)], are highly inimical to the victim.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Valmīka (वल्मीक) refers to an “anthill”, where the “warrior-family of snakes” (kṣatrīya-kula) usually resides, according to the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—[...] The specific distinguishing features, diet, place of dwelling, time of travel, direction of vision of each family are explained in detail. For example, main food of kṣatriya-kula (“warrior” family) snakes will be rat, water and snow. They travel during noon time, reside in big buildings, walls, holy trees etc. The author also opines that they stay usually in the Valmīka (anthill) and will come out attracted to the smell of first rain.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Valmīka (वल्मीक):—Ant hill or termatorium.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pancaratra (Samhita list)

Vālmīka (वाल्मीक) is the name of an ancient Pāñcarātra Saṃhitā mentioned in the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—[Cf. Jñānapāda chapter 1, verses 99-114]—First is explained the folly of following more than one Saṃhitā for a single series of rituals. Then the names of the 108 Tantras of the Pāñcarātra corpus are named [e.g., Vālmīka]. Even those who repeat these 108 titles will gain salvation.

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Valmīka (वल्मीक) refers to “ants”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “An abnormal modification caused by a aggressive ritual against Kings, occurring at the improper time, dreadful and all-reaching, is characterized by the these signs: [...] the earth produces less grains and multitudes of cows fall dead; his kingdom suffers again and again from droughts; the Earth-Master’s Queens are seized by serious illness; snakes and ants (ahi-valmīka) appear in the palace, at the main gate and in the pavilion; [...] from such and other signs he should understand that the enemy is performing a aggressive ritual”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Valmika in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vālmīka (वाल्मीक) refers to “ant-hills”, according to the Sarvajñānottara.—The Amanaska’s description of the ideal place in which to practise Yoga is based on four standard characteristics; it should be isolated, solitary, clean and beautiful. Similar descriptions are found in Tantric traditions which predate the Amanaska’s second chapter as well as in the yoga traditions which followed it. For example, in the Sarvajñānottara (25.2-3), the Mantrin collects the cow dung for his bath of ashes and leaves it to dry on a wall in an isolated, solitary and beautiful place, which is free of strife, trees and ant-hills (vālmīka) [vṛkṣavālmīkanirmukte].

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Valmīka (वल्मीक) refers to an “ant-hill”, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. II, P. 101, l. 29]—Valmīka, a homonym, here means an “ant-hill”. (Gujarati rāphaḍo). This word occurs on p. 112, l. 11 and in Meghadūta (I.15). Its Pāiya (Prakrit) equivalent ‘vammīa’ is met with m Sūyagaḍa (II.1.26).

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India history and geography

Source: Tessitori Collection I (history)

Valmik refers to one of the twelve Kāyastha groups from Māthurā, according to the “Samoṣaṇa Kāitha Māthura-rāsa” (dealing with caste history), and is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—In between the work deals with the legendary origin of the Kāyasthas as sons of Citragupta, himself born from Brahmā’s body. The Māthura Kāyasthas are one of the twelve Kāyastha groups. (In modern terms, e.g., Valmik, [...]).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

valmīka (वल्मीक).—n m S A hillock thrown up by moles &c., but esp. the mound made by the termes or white ant. Ex. śiralā bhujāntarīṃ śara || valmīkāmājī nāganāyakasā ||. 2 Elephantiasis, or swellings of the neck, chest, hands, and feet which break and run.

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vālmīka (वाल्मीक).—m (S) The name of a saint, the author of the rāmāyaṇa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

valmīka (वल्मीक).—n A hillock thrown up by moles; an ant-hill.

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vālmīka (वाल्मीक).—m The name of a saint, the author of the rāmāyaṇa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Valmika (वल्मिक).—m., n. See वल्मीक (valmīka).

See also (synonyms): valmiki.

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Valmīka (वल्मीक).—[val-īka muṭ ca Uṇādi-sūtra 4.25] An ant-hill, a hillock thrown up by white ants, moles &c.; धर्मं शनैः संचिनुयाद्वल्मीकमिव पुत्तिकाः (dharmaṃ śanaiḥ saṃcinuyādvalmīkamiva puttikāḥ) Subhāṣ; Meghadūta 15; Ś.7.11.

-kaḥ 1 Swelling of certain parts of the body, elephantiasis.

2) The poet Vālmīki.

Derivable forms: valmīkaḥ (वल्मीकः), valmīkam (वल्मीकम्).

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Vālmīka (वाल्मीक).—[valmīke bhavaḥ aṇ iñ vā] Name of a celebrated sage, and author of the Rāmāyaṇa; कवीन्दुं नौमि वाल्मीकिं यस्य रामायणीं कथाम् । चन्द्रिकामिव चिन्वन्ति चकोरा इव साधवः (kavīnduṃ naumi vālmīkiṃ yasya rāmāyaṇīṃ kathām | candrikāmiva cinvanti cakorā iva sādhavaḥ) || Udb. [He was a Brāhmaṇa by birth, but being abandoned by his parents in his childhood, he was found by some wild mountaineers who taught him the art of thieving. He soon became an adept in the art, and pursued his business of plundering and killing (where necessary) travellers for several years. One day he saw a great sage whom he asked on pain of death to deliver up his possessions. But the sage told him to go home and ask his wife and children if they were ready to become his partners in the innumerable iniquities that he had committed. He accordingly went home, but returned dismayed at their unwillingness. The sage then told him to repeat the word marā (which is Rāma inverted) and disappeared. The robber continued to repeat it for years together without moving from the place, so that his body was covered up with ant-hills. But the same sage reappeared and got him out, and as he issued from the 'valmika' he was called Vālmiki, and became afterwards an eminent sage. One day while he was performing his ablutions, he saw one of a pair of Krauncha birds being killed by a fowler, at which he cursed the wretch in words which unconsiously took the form of a verse in the Anuṣṭubh metre. This was a new mode of composition, and at the command of the god Brahman he composed the first poem the Rāmāyaṇa. When Sītā was abandoned by Rāma, he gave her shelter under his roof, and brought up her two sons. He afterwards restored them all to Rāma.]

Derivable forms: vālmīkaḥ (वाल्मीकः).

See also (synonyms): vālmiki.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valmika (वल्मिक).—m.

(-kaḥ) An ant-hill; also valmīka .

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Valmīka (वल्मीक).—mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) A hillock, ground thrown up by moles, &c., but especially the large accumulations of soil, sometimes made by the white ant. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The poet Valmiki. 2. Elephantiasis, or swellings of the neck, chest, hands and feet, which break and discharge ichor in many places. E. val to cover, or bal to live, īka Unadi aff., and muṭ augment; in the latter case this word and the corresponding ones are written balmīka, &c.; also valmika .

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Vālmīka (वाल्मीक).—m.

(-kaḥ) Valmika or Valmiki, the first poet and the famous author of the Ramayana. Though a Brahmana by birth he led a depraved life and was a notorious cut-throat, but was reclaimed by Narada. One day while he was engaged in his devotions, he saw a fowler in the act of shooting at a pair of curlews and a curse fell from his mouth in the shape of a regular stanza. The sage discovered that it was a new mode of composition and by the advice of Brahma he composed the Ramayana in that style. Sita when repudiated by her husband, took refuge with this sage who brought up her twin sons. E. valmīka an ant-hill, aff. aṇ, or with aff. vālmīki; so immersed in abstraction as to be overrun with ant’s nests.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valmika (वल्मिक).—m., valmiki valmiki, m., and valmīka valmīka, m. and n., i. e. valmī + ka, An ant-hill, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 46 (mīka); [Pañcatantra] 170, 23 (mīka); [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 170 (mīka).

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Vālmīka (वाल्मीक).—and vālmīki vālmīki, m. A proper name, the poet of the Rāmāyaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Valmīka (वल्मीक).—[masculine] ant-hill.

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Vālmīka (वाल्मीक).—[adjective] composed by Vālmīki (v. seq.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Valmika (वल्मिक):—[from valmī] m. n. an ant-hill, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Valmīka (वल्मीक):—[from valmī] mn. ([gana] ardharcādi) an ant-hill, mole-hill, a hillock or ground thrown up by white ants or by moles (cf. vamrī-kūṭa) etc., [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] swelling of the neck or of the chest and other parts of the body, elephantiasis, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] m. = sātapo meghaḥ or = sūryaḥ, [Meghadūta [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the father of Vālmīki, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] the poet Vālmīki, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a place, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

8) Vālmīka (वाल्मीक):—m. ([from] valmīka) = vālmīki, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

9) Name of a son of Citra-gupta, [Catalogue(s)]

10) mfn. composed by Vālmīki, [Brahma-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Valmika (वल्मिक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. An ant-hill.

2) Valmīka (वल्मीक):—[(kaḥ-kaṃ)] 1. m. n. A mole or white ant hill. m. Elephantiasis; the author of the Rāmāyana.

3) Vālmīka (वाल्मीक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. vālmīki (kiḥ) 2. m. Idem.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Valmīka (वल्मीक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vammia, Vammīa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Valmika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Valmika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Valmīka (वल्मीक) [Also spelled valmik]:—(nf) white ant; an anthill.

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Valmik in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) white ant; an anthill..—valmik (वल्मीक) is alternatively transliterated as Valmīka.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Valmīka (ವಲ್ಮೀಕ):—

1) [noun] a mound of earth, leaves, etc., formed by ants in digging or constructing their underground nest; an anthill.

2) [noun] a disease characterised by swelling of the neck and chest, with skins of these parts hardening.

3) [noun] the sage poet Vālmīki, the author of the great Indian Epic Rāmāyṇa.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

1) Valmīka (वल्मीक):—n. 1. an ant-hill; 2. the burrow of a snake;

2) Vālmīka (वाल्मीक):—n. the criminal-turned-sage who wrote the original Ramayana;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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