Urdhva, aka: Ūrdhva; 6 Definition(s)


Urdhva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[Urdhva in Yoga glossaries]

Ūrdhva (ऊर्ध्व) is a Sanskrit word referring to “upwards”. It is used in Yoga.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Urdhva in Mahayana glossaries]

Ūrdhva (ऊर्ध्व, “zenith”) represents one of the “two directions above and below” (paṭidisā in Pali), itself part of the “ten directions” (diś in Sanskrit or disā in Pali) according to an appendix included in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV). Ūrdhva, Upariṣṭāt or Upariṣṭhā is a Sanskrit word which is known in Pali as uddhaṃ or uparimā, in Tibetan as steṅ and in Chinese as chang.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Urdhva in Jainism glossaries]

Ūrdhva (ऊर्ध्व, “upwards”) or Ūrdhvavyatikrama refers to “exceeding the limits for movement set in the upwards directions”, representing one of the five transgressions (aticara) of the “vow of directional limits” (digvirati): one of the seven supplementary vows (śīlavrata), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 28.—What is meant by exceeding the limit of upwards direction (ūrdhva-vyatikrama)? To go on hills or fly above the limits set for upwards movements is exceeding the limits of upwards directions.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Urdhva in Marathi glossaries]

ūrdhva (ऊर्ध्व).—ad (S) Above, up, on high, in the heavens.

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ūrdhva (ऊर्ध्व).—m (S) Gasping or heaving. 2 By eminence. The gasping of the dying hour. 3 The zenith.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ūrdhva (ऊर्ध्व).—ad Above. m Gasping. The zenith. The gasping of the dying hour.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 104 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ūrdhvajānu (ऊर्ध्वजानु).—a. [ūrdhvamuccaṃ jānu yasya] 1) raising the knees, sitting on the hams...
Ūrdhvaloka (ऊर्ध्वलोक).—the upper world, heaven. Derivable forms: ūrdhvalokaḥ (ऊर्ध्वलोकः).Ūrdh...
Ūrdhvapuṇḍra (ऊर्ध्वपुण्ड्र).—A mark worn on the forehead with yellow ochre. This mark should b...
Ūrdhvagati (ऊर्ध्वगति).—a. going upwards. -tiḥ f.) Ūrdhvagati is a Sanskrit compound consisting...
Ūrdhvabāhu (ऊर्ध्वबाहु).—A son of Vasiṣṭha. His mother was Ūrjjā. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 20). It...
Urdhva-amnaya is the High Doctrine which extols the Brahman in his fullness. The High doctri...
Ūrdhvakeśī (ऊर्ध्वकेशी).—Name of a goddess; ऊर्ध्वकेशी विरूपाक्षी मांसशोणितभोजने (ūrdhvakeśī vi...
Ūrdhvakeśa (ऊर्ध्वकेश).—a. 1) having the hair erect. 2) one whose hair is torn. Ūrdhvakeśa is a...
Ūrdhvabhāga (ऊर्ध्वभाग).—1) the upper part. 2) any part of a word coming after another part. De...
Ūrdhvadṛṣṭi (ऊर्ध्वदृष्टि).—a. 1) looking upwards. 2) (fig.) aspiring, ambitious. -ṣṭiḥ f.) con...
Ūrdhvasrotas (ऊर्ध्वस्रोतस्).—m. 1) an ascetic who abstains from sexual intercourse; cf. ऊर्ध्व...
Ūrdhvapāda (ऊर्ध्वपाद) or Ūrdhvapādamūrti refers to one of the twenty-three forms (mūrti) of Śi...
Ūrdhvagata (ऊर्ध्वगत).—a. gone up, risen, ascended. Ūrdhvagata is a Sanskrit compound consistin...
Ūrdhvareta (ऊर्ध्वरेत).—a. [ūrdhvamūrdhvagaṃ nādhaḥ patat reto yasya] one who lives in perpetua...
Ūrdhvāyana (ऊर्ध्वायन).—a. going upwards. -nam motion above. Ūrdhvāyana is a Sanskrit compound ...

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